March 2004 Archives

"No Coloreds Served Here." "No Dogs, Coloreds, or Mexicans." "Whites Only."

It may have seem ironic to see such obviously degrading slogans branded under the murals of known activists Cesar Chavez and Malcolm X, but it was so Tuesday afternoon at Malcolm X Plaza, as the Afrikan Black Historical Commemoration Committee continued its "Jim Crow Day" from back in February.

Through a series of re-enactments of actual events, the organization strived to put a face on racial discrimination suffered by blacks under Jim Crow laws in the American south. Zumani Cole, who designed banners for the event, explained why he and the ABHCC put on the event.

“We’re doing this to retain and explain history and see what’s still going on. As an activist, organizer and artist, I’m doing it because I love my people, and we (as people) need to discuss and see what’s going on today.”

Jim Crows laws were established in the mid-to-late 1800s in southern states. Under the laws, states could legally discriminate against blacks, allowing for segregation from whites and the diminishing of their civil rights, such as the right to vote and prohibiting interracial marriage.

Narrator Aimee Zenzele Barnes started off the event by encouraging the audience to stand in a circle around the podium. She then went on to explain the event’s purpose.

“The purpose of today’s experience is to educate and inform against the plague of historical amnesia, to remind ourselves of our responsibility and accountability to fight injustice, and fortify and be proud or our identity and culture,” Barnes read to the crowd.

After Barnes spoke, three speakers recited monologues of suffering blacks had to and still endure today. Speaker Melanie Turner, who wore a black dress and a denim apron, recounted a time when a black mother was raped and abused by her white employer in the 1960s, only to suffer the indignity of not being able to fight back.

Then, two performers ran out in blood soaked clothes, re-enacting a couple running scared from members from the Ku Klux Klan, who ultimately caught one of them. The Klan members then proceeded to lynch the person, and after doing so, took pictures in front of the hanging body.

The performance ended with all the performers getting up on stage and thanking people for coming and all those who were involved in the production.

The event itself, however, did not end there. Performers and audience members regrouped in the Richard Oakes Multicultural Center to discuss what they felt during the performances, talk about their experiences, and open up a dialogue on race.

The event left an impact on those who saw it. Dominique Green, a speech communications major, thought the event was “very powerful, very intense. I was shocked the lynching scene, but I understand that their message wouldn’t have been as effective without it.”

Barnes felt the event went really well. “It made people think, and it reminded them of painful experiences and challenges we have faced.”

Her favorite monologue was that of a rich, black doctor who faced racism, because “it showed people it doesn’t matter what kind of social status you have, you can still be the victim of racism.”

Many Japanese women in Manchuria were raped during and after World War II, according to Sakura Furukubo, professor at the Research Center for Human Rights at Osaka City University at the event, “Japanese Women in Manchuria.”

The event was held March 30 in the Psychology/Ethnic Studies building in room 116. Since the College of Ethnic Studies and the Research Center for Human Rights at Osaka City University are sister institutions, Furukubo came to SF State to give her lecture. About 10 students came to hear her.

Jim Okutsu, associate dean of the College of Ethnic Studies, said the purpose of the event was to share information. Okutsu said that it is important to know what happened to Japanese women in Manchuria, a city in China that Japan occupied during WWII, while Japanese American women were in concentration camps in the United States.

Japanese women in Manchuria found life difficult after Soviet troops entered Manchuria near the end of the war. Furukubo said many of those women were used as "dolls" -- sexual objects.

Furukubo told the stories of several Japanese women who were raped or almost raped. In one account, a young girl threw herself out a three-story window to avoid being raped by Soviet troops.

Another account demonstrated how not only Soviet troops but also Chinese civilians tried to rape Japanese women. A Chinese man came to a woman’s house and asked her to give him her two daughters because his daughters were raped by Japanese soldiers. The woman offered herself instead, but the man changed his mind.

Furukubo also said even Japanese men offered some Japanese women as “female Kamikaze troops” to Soviet troops to protect their community and other Japanese women and children.

Furukubo said once women were raped, they were no longer part of their community and were often rejected by their husbands.

“The raped woman cannot participate in the community produced through the narrative of her experience, and she cannot possess her own discourse,” said Furukubo. “She (a raped woman) is the victim not only of foreigners in the guise of Soviet soldiers, but also of the community of Japan and (the) Japanese.”

Furukubo said she thinks that wartime rapes are in many ways similar to rapes under ordinary circumstances today.

“Raped women still cannot express what they have experienced by themselves,” Furukubo said.

Furukubo said people need to know how raped women feel through the history of wartime rape.

A Japanese woman, who attended the event but did not wish to disclose her name, said she knew the history of raped Japanese women during and after the war through her own research. Not many people in Japan talk about this topic, she said.

She also said the event was a good opportunity to learn more about what happened to Japanese women during the war years.

“It was interesting,” she said. “I hope that this topic will get more attention.”

Gabriel Woldegebriel, 22, a sophomore majoring in biology, said he did not know about what happened to Japanese women during WWII.

“I have never thought about this,” Woldegebriel said.

Campus Crime

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Monday, March 15

A 24-year-old student was taken to the hospital after she suffered seizures in the Cesar Chavez Student Center.

9:46 p.m. POSSESSION
Francisco Contreras, 18, was cited and released on suspicion of having marijuana. Officers saw the suspect smoking marijuana near the School of the Arts on Font Boulevard.

Wednesday, March 17

A 27-year-old student was treated at the Student Health Center after she began to have seizures near the Cesar Chavez Student Center.

Bernard Washington, 22, was booked into county jail. Officers saw the suspect soliciting without authorization near the Cesar Chavez Student Center. A UPD background check showed he had an outstanding felony warrant, and a search of his body revealed that he was carrying an illegal concealed knife.

Accused of yelling lewd and racial comments to those in Malcolm X Plaza, Sir Caesar Latour, 29, was booked into county jail after UPD officers determined he was intoxicated and in possession of marijuana for sale.

6:39 p.m. PETTY THEFT
A staff member’s unattended purse was stolen from the Humanities Building. Loss: $210.

7:40 p.m. BURGLARY
A resident’s personal property was stolen from the Village at Centennial Square. Loss: $128.

Thursday, March 18

Caitlin Pastor, 19, was booked into county jail after a person reported she was intoxicated and vomiting in the first floor bathroom in Mary Ward Hall. Officers also determined that Pastor was involved in an incident reported minutes before in which an unknown person urinated and wrote profanity in lipstick on a door in the same building.

2:59 p.m. GRAND THEFT
A staff member’s laptop was stolen from Thornton Hall. Loss: $2,340.

Friday, March 19

1:42 p.m. GRAND THEFT
A staff member’s unattended purse was stolen from the Creative Arts Building while she was teaching class. Loss: $582.

Saturday, March 20

A woman’s vehicle was broken into while it was parked on Font Boulevard. Loss: $139.

1:58 p.m. BURGLARY
A laptop computer was stolen after an unknown person(s) forced entry into a Burk Hall office. The theft is estimated to have occurred the night before. Loss: $2,000.

Sunday, March 28

9:09 p.m. POSSESSION
David Graham, 22, and Brian Campbell, 25, were booked into county jail on suspicion of felony possession of marijuana. Officers responded to a report of a strong odor of marijuana near the Village. Graham and Campbell are residents of the Village.

11:26 p.m. BURGLARY
A student’s vehicle was broken into while it was parked on Lake Merced Boulevard. Loss: $900.

editor's note: The March 28 incident was originally published with the suspects being booked into County Jail on suspicion of having less than an ounce of marijuana.

Ten students from the University of Nevada Reno took a break from their tour of the SF State black studies department for a quick luncheon on Tuesday.

As students enjoyed turkey sandwiches and caesar salads, members of the ethnic studies department and a student in the program took 30 minutes to answer questions and describe the cultural atmosphere at the campus.

“The professors here are really open to students,” said a black studies senior from Oakland who preferred to remain nameless.

“Part of your education is in class, the other part is outside,” he said.

Dr. Wade Nobles, a professor of ethnic studies, explained one of the benefits of having a black studies department. Every year Nobles, who is a tribal chief in the West African country of Ghana, takes students to experience their homeland.

“We do not go as tourists,” he said. “It is our home. You don’t tour your home.”

Reg Stewart, who brought the group here from Reno, thinks highly of the ethnic and black studies departments at SF State; he was a graduate in 1993.

“We want them to learn the culture of having an ethnic studies program,” said Stewart, the director of the Center for Student Culture and Diversity at UN Reno.

“These students need a real-world take on ethnic studies because we have no such program in Nevada,” said Stewart in comparing SF State and UN Reno.

Stewart also explained that most students in Reno and Las Vegas who do well in high school end up at UN Reno because it is a more academically challenging university.

Vishal Shah, the black studies coordinator, explained that during the entire day, the students attended three classes.

“They sat in Ancient Egypt History, Introduction into Black Psychology and Economics of the Black Community,” he said.

Some of the students reveled in the atmosphere of SF State. After making the six-hour bus ride from Reno Tuesday morning, UN Reno freshman Scott McAbee liked what he saw.

“State has a lot more culture and diversity than my school in Nevada,” McAbee said.

What's Your Real Sign?

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Horoscopes and most astrology books list 12 zodiac signs, few people know that there are actually 13 signs. According to astronomers, Ophiuchus (November 30-December 17) is the one sign that has been ignored for thousands of years.

While Earth orbits around the sun, the sun appears in our sky in front of 13 groups of stars called constellations of the zodiac. People who were born during the time when the sun was in front of a certain constellation, get assigned their zodiac sign accordingly. Astrology books have identified 12 zodiac signs. But Ophiuchus, the 13th sign, was omitted.

“People might have known this for 4000 years," said Keith Waxman, an SF State astronomy teacher. “They may have ignored certain areas and divided the sky into 12 constellations and ignored Ophiuchus, even though they knew that the sun drifted through that area.”

The constellation’s borders have been established by astronomers since 1930, Waxman said. “There are really 13 regions of the sky. They are like states in the US," he explained. “The sign, which is Ophiuchus, really does exist in astronomy.”

But this is not all. The dates of the modern horoscopes and corresponding signs are off by about 21 days, astronomers say. This is because our planet wobbles around its axis and completes the loop in every 26,000 years. Every 78 years the Earth moves by a degree, which represents a day difference in the zodiac system.

“Each year the Earth is in a slightly different position in June,” said Waxman. This causes the sun to appear in front of a “slightly different amount of stars,” he added.

So why is this information not in astrology books and horoscopes? One answer is that modern astrology books still use an old system that the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians once used. But Waxman offers more explanations to the question of why the astrology information is not updated.

“Because it doesn’t matter,” said Waxman. He said he doesn’t believe that astrology dictates or predicts who you are. “If they add a new sign, people are going to be upset,” he added.

Another reason for omitting Ophiuchus is marketing, said Waxman. “If you change it all of a sudden, people might start buying less magazines, less horoscope booklets and people will lose money.”

Waxman, who believes in aliens and brings 4.5 billion-year-old meteorites to his class, breaks the news of 13 signs to his students every semester and receives mixed reactions.

“Most (students) think it’s funny,” he said. “Most are not that serious about their sign as far as letting it govern their life. But some are. Some people have had tears in their eyes when they read it.”

“I’m still me,” said Chris Colson, a 21-year-old psychology major who just found out that his real sign is Aries, not Taurus. But he wasn’t disturbed by the news because he doesn’t feel attached to his sign, he said.

Huckleberry Greenlee, 31, a SF State student enrolled in a masters program, thought she was a Scorprio. When she found out that her “real” sign is Virgo, she wasn’t bothered too much. “I think the whole system is pretty vague,” she said. “I don’t think it matters how you set it up with 12 or 13 signs.” But she did have plans on getting a Scorpio tattoo. These plans are now placed on hold, she said.

Check out how the new zodiac configuration affects the various signs.

Sign Old Dates New Dates
Capricorn Dec. 23-Jan. 20 Jan. 9- Feb. 15
Aquarius Jan. 21-Feb. 19 Feb. 16-Mar. 11
Pisces Feb. 20-Mar. 20 Mar. 12-Apr. 18
Aries Mar. 21-Apr. 20 Apr. 19-May 13
Taurus Apr. 21-May 21 May 14-June 19
Gemini May 22-June 21 June 20-July 20
Cancer June 22-July 22 July 21-Aug. 9
Leo July 23-Aug. 21 Aug. 10-Sept. 15
Virgo Aug. 22-Sept. 23 Sept. 16-Oct. 30
Libra Sept. 24-Oct. 23 Oct. 31-Nov. 22
Scorpio Oct. 24-Nov. 22 Nov. 23-Nov. 29
Ophiuchus Not a Part of the Zodiac Nov. 30-Dec. 17
Sagittarius Nov. 23-Dec. 22 Dec. 18-Jan. 8

Note: Dates may vary from source to source. For a slightly different perspective, along with a more detailed description of the 13th sign, visit

SF Gas Prices Skyrocket

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It's official: gas prices have hit an all time high. And, while the national average is $1.80 per gallon, gas in the San Francisco Bay Area averages $2.10 per gallon, 30 cents above the national average.

San Francisco tails only San Diego, then Los Angeles for the highest gas prices in California. While gas prices have skyrocketed throughout the country, they have gone up an average of nearly 50 cents since December in San Francisco.

An Arco AM PM in Mill Valley had the cheapest gas in the Bay Area as of Sunday-- $1.99, according to, whose motto is, "Informed customers are wise customers."

The same site logged South San Francisco and Belmont as having the highest price in the Bay Area with $2.39.

Photojournalism major Ted Mendoza said that he pays about $2.39 per gallon to fill the gas tank of his 1990 Ford Mustang at the gas station near his home in Daly City.

"It costs me about $25 per week to fill my gas tank, in order to get to school and work," Mendoza said.

In comparison to cities such as Chico where gas prices are about 20 cents less than San Francisco's, an SUV owner, for example, could be paying $5 more to fill their tank at an San Francisco gas station.

One SF State student, however, believes that we are not paying enough for gas. Graduate Film student Sahra Girshick believes that if prices were even higher, public transportation would be utilized more frequently.

Girshick, who divides her commute time between driving and taking public transportation, has benefited from having to fill the gas tank of her Honda Civic once every few weeks.

"We have it easy here, compared to a lot of European countries," Girshick said. "That's why there's so much traffic. People would rather drive than be inconvenienced into taking public transportation because compared to other countries, gas here is still affordable."

Girshick might just have a point. While gas prices have indeed skyrocketed, they have not gotten to the point of being unaffordable. After all, according to the U.S. census, 69 percent of workers in San Francisco still commute by car.

BART's Web site header, which states: "Avoid high gas prices, give BART a try," just might be the advent into more public transportation usage and less highway congestion by one-person occupied automobiles if the uphill trend in gas prices continue.

A David Horowitz ad that has been seen by many as hate speech toward the Palestinian, Arab and Muslim communities has sparked strong reactions at SF State.

The ad charged that Palestinians and Arabs were dedicated to the destruction of Israel with the help of the international and American left, that Arabs are sacrificing their own children to the cause of destroying Israel and that Israel’s war against Palestinians is the same as the war on terrorism.

“Those who assume that (Horowitz) represents the views of Hillel, the Israel Coalition, the Jewish students on campus, or any student organization are terribly wrong,” said Samuel Vengrinovich, founder of the Israel-Palestine Alternative.

“We need to educate and not segregate,” Vengrinovich said in an e-mail.

Sara Fischer, associate director of San Francisco Hillel, said Hillel knew nothing about the ad before it was published.

“More of an issue is the lack of space for students to react to the advertisement in the forum which was published,” she said.

“This leads to unrest on campus and intimidation of students by other students and does not allow for the dialogue that is so essential to the academic community.”

Christine Yee, executive editor of Xpress Publications, said in an Xpress online commentary, “We are bringing back the Opinion page to hear what you have to say. You can e-mail by Wednesday for Thursday’s issue (the issue to be published April 1).”

Nitzhia Shaked, a lecturer in the Jewish Studies program, felt that the issues more than the running of the ad itself raised concerns.

“Any other topic besides the Israel and Palestinian issue would not have raised so much debate,” Shaked said.

“This ad should be treated like any other controversial topic and should not be taken out of context,” she said.

“I want to know how this ad got in past deadline, without review,” Dean of Human Relations Kenneth Monteiro said.

“An ad like this creates a look that Xpress is attempting to create the news rather than report it,” Monteiro said.

Jess Ghannam, president of the San Francisco American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee and adjunct professor of ethnic studies, laid out what he felt Xpress should do to help solve the problem that has been created.

“First I want the administration to investigate the placement of the ad. Second, I want the ad staff fired or at least reprimanded. Lastly I want the Xpress to print a retraction and an apology to our community,” Ghannam said.

LeBaron King, ad coordinator for the Xpress, regrets not labeling the ad as an advertisement, but stated that in the future he will clearly label all word ads as advertisements.

Normally, King sets aside word ads to read, and put the Horowitz ad aside for that purpose. But somehow it slipped through before he had a chance to read it, he said.

In an interview, Horowitz said he had sent the ad to 30 or 40 papers.

“My goal was to present the other side of the story,” said Horowitz, chairman of the Center for Popular Culture, a group which is viewed by many to be a soap box for Horowitz’s countless attacks on the liberal left.

This is not the first time Horowitz has found himself in the center of controversy through the use of advertisements. In March 2001, Horowitz created quite a stir by purchasing ad space in over 100 college newspapers attacking reparations for slavery.

As quoted in Insight magazine Horowitz has said, “One has to stigmatize the left and segregate it.”

In response to the reaction felt on campus, Horowitz proclaimed SF State as the worst campus in the country for one-sided debate.

“It is the ugliest campus for anti-Semitism,” he said.

Derek Wray, president of the Students for Academic Freedom, hopes for more open dialogue but overall he felt content with the ad.

“I think that the campus has been overdosing on just one side of the issue,” Wray said.

“The ad was a good counterbalance to dialogue from the other side, but I saw it based mostly on historical fact, with a little opinion mixed in,” said Wray, whose group is supported by Front Page Magazine.

Marla Schmalle, a SF State student who values the openness and diversity of the university, felt the ad may stir up an already volatile subject.

“When I saw the ad, I thought to myself, ‘All hell's going to break loose,’ ” Schmalle said.

“Though I have seen exactly the same (kind of) speech on the other side of the subject, I would like to see a forum for open and constructive dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians,” Schmalle said.

Sixteen years of diversity planning has not brought the changes to tenured and tenure-track minority faculty that university officials had hoped.

Diversity within SF State's tenured and tenure-track faculty has grown 19 percent since 1987, according to unofficial human resources statistics from Dean Kenneth Monteiro. Some in the faculty and administration, however, feel not enough is being done.

The goal of SF State is to bring in tenure-track faculty that is able to teach at a multicultural university, according to Monteiro, dean of Human Relations at SF State.

“I am working on a plan to help institutionalize the value of diversity,” said Monteiro, “but we have no coherent diversity plan.”

Though the numbers have become more representative over the last 16 years, SF State is still constantly struggling with the issue of making the tenured faculty more representative of the student body, which is 69.3 percent minority for the 2003-2004 academic year.

One opportunity to diversify came and went 14 years ago. The human resources department formed a commission in 1990 to examine and provide recommendations for implementing change in faculty diversity. Since then the university has been trying to approach diversity through its affirmative action plan but has no concrete university wide approach.

Of the many objectives, one of the main goals was to ensure that each academic department implements a variety of plans, goals and departmental evaluations that could be published annually. The commission also called for "immediate and appropriate consequences” for those who failed to meet the new standards.

Sixteen years later, this plan has yet to be implemented, 16 years later, said Monteiro.

Monteiro described that a couple of key factors are important when trying to reach a diversity goal and that these ideas are key elements of a revised plan he is working on.

“You must first implement exactly which type of diversity you are looking for in a specific department,” he said, “then you must put that diversity qualification right in the job description.” He added that diversity varies by department; some could need more women, others could need more Latinos. It's all a matter of the department's needs.

Once a department has followed these first two steps, Monteiro said, then they have opened themselves to look at a variety of different candidates.

He did point out that the question of whether a university would rather have a person of color or just the best candidate for the job should be squashed.

“Diversity is different in each department and each university,” he said.

“Being able to teach at a multicultural environment is important to SF State,” he said, relating that each hiring committee has to decide what type of diversity, or if diversity itself, is important to their next tenure track hire.

Monteiro added that the best way for departments to continue to attract diversity is to advertise their desire with professional organizations.

Over the past 16 years, finding potential tenure-track faculty has become a priority, according to some.

“SF State has seen a significant number of retirements which means bringing in new faculty are a must,” said Nina Fendel, SF State field representative for the California Faculty Association (CFA).

“The university has made great strides in hiring a diverse faculty, but any looming budget cuts could place those strides in jeopardy,” Fendel said.

CFA president Turitz agreed with the faculty turnover loss.

“We’re losing faculty and not even replacing on a 1 to 1 basis,” Turitz said.
Turitz explained that even harder than replacing the faculty is bringing potential tenure-track faculty to SF State.

“We are being paid a 15 percent lower salary just because of the cost of living in the Bay Area,” said Turitz. He said some candidates come to San Francisco, look around at the prices and say forget it.

Tomas Almaguer, dean of the College of Ethnic Studies, expressed the same sentiment.

“Part of the difficulty is the expense of living in the city,” said Almaguer.

Monteiro disputes the claim of expense as a problem for bringing diversity.
“The living expense is equal, no matter the ethnicity,” he said.

Monteiro, Almaguer and Turitz did all agree on one issue -- SF State is not doing as much as it can to bring diversity to the tenure and tenure track positions.

“I don’t believe, based on the data, that at the rate we’re going we are tapping minimally into diversity resources,” said Monteiro.

“I wish we could speed up the diversity hiring process,” said Turitz, “but it is possible, due to budget constraints, that hiring might get frozen.”

When asked which group he would like to see more represented, Almaguer pointed towards the Latino professors. Latino tenure and tenure-track faculty have only moved up to six percent in 2003 from two percent in 1987, according to statistics. At the same time, the Asian faculty has jumped to 14 percent from seven percent in the same period.

According to the SF State Affirmative Action report, last updated in July of 1999, African American and Latino tenure track are listed as underrepresented. Both groups hover around six percent of the tenure-track makeup. In contrast, both groups have a slightly higher representation in the Bay Area, according to the 2000 Census. The Bay Area, which includes immediate counties around San Francisco, is 19 percent Latino and seven percent black.

Because of the large diversity in the Bay Area, where only 50 percent of the population is white as compared to the national average of 78 percent, Almaguer is hopeful in recruiting more minorities to SF State.

“San Francisco, in general, is a huge lure for the academic world,” Almaguer said.

Monteiro added that attracting diversity is a developing issue.

“The issue is not like the 1960’s where the doors were being knocked down, but we do face the issue of diversity on a different level,” said Monteiro.

No matter what level diversity hiring stands at, some feel that even with the available resources achieving a diverse tenure-track faculty is still tough.

“It’s hard to get minorities to apply,” said Mitch Turitz, CFA chapter president at SF State.

He explained that applicants for tenure track file applications with several universities and that SF State occasionally gets out bid for a candidate by other CSU’s.

“Last year alone we only completed 1 out of 3 tenure-track searches in the library,” said Turitz, a SF State librarian.

The constant shrinking of the faculty is a concern raised by Joe Torres when dealing with hiring more minority tenure-track professors.

“The faculty is just not as large as it was 10-15 years ago,” said Torres, the SF State Affirmative Action Coordinator.

“With less opportunity to diversify, we are barely holding on with our fingertips,” said Torres.

With deep budget cuts giving a Freddy Kruger handshake to the 2004-2005 class schedule, students who previously reeled at the thought of spending summer in a classroom may now find the option to be a relief.

Summer school will be offered as a state-supported program enabling college chairs and deans to plan their 2004– 2005 academic schedules as a three-semester program, assisting students in earning a degree in a timely manner.

Based on the most recent budget scenario, which was revealed at the town hall meeting on the budget on March 3 and 4, SF State is facing a $13.9 million budget shortfall for the 2004-2005 academic year. Administrators have warned that in order to offset the deficit, class sections and teachers will be eliminated from SF State, which will take effect during the 2004- 2005 academic year that summer leads, unless they receive additional funding.

“I think this year summer school will not be a discretionary option. It will be more imperative because of the reductions that will occur in the fall,” said College of Behavioral Social Sciences Dean Joel Kassiola.

The summer school schedule will be planned in conjunction with the fall schedule so it will be an opportunity to make up for the absence of classes in the fall, Kassiola said.

“We are working up the fall schedule and asking each chair to express where the fall schedule in inadequate in offering courses the students need and then attempting to make this up in the summer,” said Kassiola.

Summer school provides assets that are lacking during the fall and spring. The goal at SF State is to use the facilities year round to best stretch the limited amount of resources, Alan Jung said. The school is basically full of students, all the major time slots for classes are taken and most teachers are teaching at maximum capacity during the regular academic year, he said. Summer school provides an option to students who have reached roadblocks in their education because of the schools limited resources.

“We try to offer classes that will improve time to degree,” (the time it takes to get a degree), said College of Extended Learning Dean and Associate Vice President of Academic Affairs Gail Whitaker. This usually translates to high demand classes such as general education, major and graduate requirements, she said.

Vice President of Administration and Finance Leroy Morishita said the size of the summer school program will depend on the estimated 2004-2005 budget. It will likely be smaller than last year, but that is still to be determined, he said.

During the 2003- 2004 academic year SF State actually accepted more students and provided more classes and sessions than the state provided money for, which is unlikely to happen again due to the two successive years of budget reductions, Morishita said

Morishita said he is working with SF State President Robert Corrigan to determine the budget for the summer and will inform college deans of the full- time equivalent student target sometime in the next couple of weeks. Once deans know their target they can decide how many classes they would like to offer, which classes to offer and which teachers to hire.

College of Humanities Dean Paul Sherwin said, the number and type of classes they schedule are dependent on the number of students enrolled in summer school and the salary of the instructors.

This year California State University Chancellor Charles B. Reed gave CSU campuses the option of offering summer school through state support or self support, such as the College of Extended Learning (CEL). When giving this option he stated that self-supported programs could not charge students more than the cost of state support.

After about a month of collaboration, provost John Gemello, college deans and others recently decided for the third year in a row to offer summer school as a state-supported program. After discussing various budget scenarios they concluded that state support would offer the best solution for administrative costs and student needs, Whitaker said.

Offering summer school through state support allows the administration to use state funds to keep the campus running. If summer school was offered through self-support it would cost students significantly more because no state money could be used for that purpose. Students’ fees would pay for everything if summer school was offered through CEL, Academic Resources Acting Associate Vice President Alan Jung said.

Furthermore, CEL no longer has the infrastructure to run summer school. The infrastructure was dissolved when the CSU system moved to state supported summer school in 2001. If it were to switch back to self support, SF State would have to pick up the cost of developing that infrastructure so students would be paying for that as well, Jung said

“It would have been a very difficult undertaking to go to self support, but we had to explore it,” Jung said.

Previous to 2001 SF State’s summer program was offered as a self-supported program through the CEL, which could charge more money for the same classes than when offered through the State, Whitaker said. This scenario is financially more difficult for students.

If summer school were offered through CEL financial aid would not be an option, which would make the cost of summer school a burden that many students might not desire to endure.

Because summer school will be state supported the cost will be the same as the fall and spring semesters. Although summer classes run only for five and eight weeks they offer the same number of hours in the classroom.

In order to be eligible for summer session financial aid students must attend SF State during regular semesters and be recipients of financial aid. Students not receiving financial aid must fill out the proper forms as soon as possible in order to get money for the summer, Financial Aid Counselor Robert Chang said.

The amount of money offered for summer session is based on what is remaining from the previous fall and spring semesters.

“Apply early, before you even know if your classes are being offered,” Chang said.

Just when people thought the bad news couldn’t get any worse for California’s colleges and universities, a proposed $30 million cut in Cal Grants could make it even harder for many to afford higher education.

Weeks after the March 2 financial aid application deadline, students wait to hear if they qualify for grants, but limits set by Gov. Schwarzenegger’s proposed budget for the 2004-05 fiscal year could mean Cal Grants for California State University and University of California applicants will stay the same despite possible fee increases.

Applicants to private schools will be hit even harder if a proposed 44 percent cut in their maximum grant allowed passes, diverting many students to the overcrowded and less expensive CSU system.

“They would have to consider applying to public universities as an option,” said Susan Murphy, director of financial aid at the University of San Francisco. “I know the Cal State University system and the University of California already have to turn away qualified applicants.”

And with the federal government announcing caps on Pell Grants as well, students from low-income households may find that affording higher education has become more difficult.

Carole Solov, media director for the California Student Aid Comission (CSAC), said if the governor's proposal passes, it would be the first time Cal Grant amounts didn't compensate for rising student fees.

The maximum amount awarded to an SF State student for the 2003 - 2004 school year was $2,046. That amount would remain constant while student fees climb 10 percent.

But according to Vice President of Administration and Finance Leroy Morishita, much of the money allotted for Cal Grants in the last few years has gone unclaimed, leaving a surplus of money that Gov. Schwarzenegger wants to use to whittle down the state’s debt.

According to Solov, the CSAC reserves money for students who make changes in their college plans like taking time off, choosing community college or switching from public to a private school.

About $50 million of unclaimed grant money was returned to the state's general fund last November.

The general fund is a pool of money designed to compensate a variety of programs from MediCal to local governments. It is not necessarily designated for education purposes.

The CSAC also runs outreach programs for students who don't know about the oppurtunities available for low income families.

One program includes a workshop that helps parents and students fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid – necessary to receive state grants.

“There is no way to overstate the importance of the Cal Grant Program when you consider the importance of a college education. Our goal is to simply make sure every California parent and graduating high school senior is aware of Cal Grant as an option, and as a potential solution to the high cost of college,” the Commission’s Executive Director Diana Fuentes-Michel said in a press release.

Cal Grant A – designed to supplement middle income households – and Cal Grant B – awarded to the families with the most need – are both offered for undergraduate students, and the grants do not need to be paid back.

Students qualifying for Cal Grants must have at least a 2.0 grade point average and meet specific income requirements.

The latest numbers show that a family of four needs to earn less than $60,480 to qualify for a Cal Grant A. The most an independent student can earn and still receive an award is $22,320 and for married students the ceiling is $25,470.

Gov. Schwarzenegger’s current budget proposal, which will be deliberated until this April, would lower these income ceilings by 10 percent, resulting in approximately 5,000 students who would qualify under the current limits missing out on free money.

Supporters of the current Cal Grant Program are urging students to write their senators and the governor in the upcoming months protesting the possible cuts to this program. The final budget is due from the Legislature this July.

Yossi Amrani, consul general of Israel, spoke to an international relations class on March 15, explaining and defending Israeli policy before a tough crowd of more than 50 students.

Amrani spoke to IR 323, Middle East-Periphery, which discusses the history and political culture of non-Arab states in the Middle East including Iran, Israel and Turkey.

Before Amrani's arrival, Dr. Dwight Simpson, the class professor, emphasized the need for courtesy, but much of the audience simmered with banter that indicated hostility toward Israeli policy. One student even asked if he could walk out during the consul general's presentation.

"That would be extremely discourteous," said Simpson. "If you're going to walk out, do it now."

Amrani came to the class at 10:35 a.m. and spoke for about 30 minutes, sitting on the table in the front of the room with his arms crossed across his chest or with fingers laced over one crossed leg. The facial expressions and body language of both himself and his audience told of mounting tension as he spoke.

Amrani began by describing how Israelis feel about the need for a Jewish homeland. He pointed out that the Jews have lived around Jerusalem for the last 2000 years, though in varying numbers. He also said that the Jews' connection with the land was also rooted in Judaism, pointing out that Jerusalem was the center of Jewish religious life, the place toward which Jews pray.

“It’s not a question of right, it a question of who we are (as Jews),” he said.

Amrani said Jews want a homeland that is democratic, free of Jewish majority and distinctly Jewish in its culture. Amrani said the right to exist as a Jewish state should be compared to the right of existence for states whose culture is heavily influenced by Christian or Muslim ideology.

Amrani said he thought both Israel and a Palestinian state could coexist, but pointed out that Arabs living in the area in 1948 refused an offer from the United Nations for a state of their own. Since then, Arabs’ refusal to acknowledge Israel’s right to exist has made peace impossible.

“You can not negotiate with someone who wants to kill you,” he said.

Amrani also explained that Israelis feel their very existence is at stake every time there is a terrorist attack, but acknowledged that Palestinians probably feel the same way when Israel makes a heavy-handed response.

“There is a psychology of fear throughout the whole region,” he said.

Amrani also said that Israelis never target children, school buses, and other areas where non-combatants congregate. That is the difference between the Israeli response and the terrorism of the Palestinians, he said.

Amrani took questions for thirty minutes after his speech, and the simmering hostility in the room between audience and speaker at last flared up when some students asked hot-button questions.

One student asked about the fence being built around the country to protect Israelis and why it was in Palestinian territory.

“I feel that the fence is not the Berlin Wall or the China wall,” Amrani responded. “We’re building the fence as a defense measure. The fence is movable. The fence is not built to separate Palestinians.”

The student then questioned Amrani’s use of the word fence, saying, “It looks like a wall to me.”

“Five percent of the 200 miles is a wall, 95 percent is a fence,” Amrani retorted.
"You focus on the five percent, and call it a wall. I focus on the 95 percent, and call it a fence."

The last question of the day came from a student, Emilie Fauquet, asking Amrani to define terrorism.

"I suggest you look it up in a dictionary," Amrani said, which produced laughter and groans from the audience.

Fauquet began to interrupt, but was cut down.

"If you were appropriate, you would let me finish," Amrani said coldly. He proceeded to define terrorism as the targeting of innocent people for political and religious gain, and again emphasized how Israel had never targeted children or other innocent non-combatants.

Toward the end of the class the air had become tense as Amrani continued to answer student questions. After Amrani answered the last question, he quickly thanked the class and left the room. Applause was polite; some students shook his hand and thanked him as others shook their heads.

Many students left quickly to gather their thoughts while others stuck around and discussed what they just heard.

“He evaded the question on terrorism,” said Fauquet after class. “I hate how he said, ‘We don’t target Palestinian kids. ”

“In general he was a passionate guy,” said James Adamson, 24. “Some of the students' questions were inflammatory and unintelligent. Mr. Amrani seemed to stay coherent and cognitive the entire time.”

“I thought he was amazing,” said Morgan Samuels. The international relations major said she agreed with everything he said and it was nice to hear someone with similar views.

“His tone of voice was very discriminating-oriented,” said Nour Mansouri, a student wearing a shirt that said “Free Palestine” on it. “He seemed to revolve around the questions people asked with out actually answering them. He was very one-sided.”

In a brief interview after class, Amrani said he came to SF State as part of reaching out to all universities within the area. He said the future of America is in today’s classrooms and it is important that future leaders know Israel’s point of view.

Deeann Mathews and Richard McKeethen contributed to this report.

On March 2 and 3, students were asked to vote on four possible fee increases that would help maintain specific student services. Out of the four referendums on the ballot, all were passed except one: athletics.

SF State students voted much like its predominantly liberal Bay Area surroundings, being the black sheep among a herd of American colleges and universities where sports often play an integral part of school life.

"Big Ten" schools receive support and funding for their football and basketball programs, providing multiple “full ride” scholarships and perks for their athletes. While SF State’s Athletic Department, little known to those outside of it, resides in a deteriorating building with cracked doorways and increasingly limited facilities, and in fact does not even have a football team.

The week of the election about 8,500 students turned out to vote, a significant increase from most campus elections, amounting to nearly 30 percent of student population.

Travis Jones, a sophomore working at the voting booths, said there were nearly 5,000 people on the first day. “A lot of people who come to vote seem to already know how they are going to vote,” he said, adding that he thought there was definitely adequate information available from pamphlets provided on campus.

Kristopher Gibson and AJ Biama sat in their baseball coach’s office on March 3, finishing up homework and watching a game on TV. The two baseball players were enthusiastic about encouraging people to vote on the athletic referendum, but had not yet filled out ballots themselves.

“I’m voting today,” Gibson said, “and I’m encouraging everybody to vote for athletics.” If the athletic referendum did not pass, Gibson was pretty sure he would have to go elsewhere for an education. “[SF State] is a good school and everything, but I still want to play sports,” he said in regards to the risk that almost half of the athletic department’s programs would be cut from the budget.

Biama agreed that a majority of the student athletes at SF State would probably transfer schools if the referendum didn’t pass.

“I think if a lot of our student body knew about sports this wouldn’t be going on,” said Biama, a criminal justice major, “I think a lot of people should go to the games before they vote.”

Lauren Dowell, a softball player, was found passing out fliers encouraging students to pass the athletics referendum the day of the elections. “We bring a lot of spirit to the school,” she said from underneath her visor, “to cut sports would be cutting a huge part of the way we live. A lot of us would have to transfer schools because that’s what we do, we play sports.”

Dowell explained sports as a positive influence on her own and her teammates lives. “It encourages a lot of people to stay in school and to do well,” she said, “We have grades we have to make, and a lot of people study harder to stay in their sport.”

Unfortunately for Gibson, Dowell and Biama, many people didn’t go to the games or understand the spirit that these athletes felt sports added to the school. The referendum missed its chance at passing by a mere two and a half percent.

The next week, after the elections were over, Dowell was in the training room stretching before practice. “It sucks,” she said about the referendum not passing, “we’re all really disappointed.”

However disappointing, it seemed many people within the athletic department were prepared for such results. Jim Price, the recreations supervisor in the weight room on campus was upset but not surprised.

“I didn’t expect the campus to rally around something that’s practically obsolete,” he said from behind his table in a nearly full weight room at noon on a Tuesday. “Everyone sees us over here in the gym as unintelligent little knuckle-draggers, and if jocks don’t get their thing that’s just great because jocks beat me up in high school, or who needs it I’m not using it.”

Price explained that the referendum’s failure to pass will have a great effect on the recreational sports, the facilities, and the students who do use them.

“They’re cutting hours for people working and their cutting classes that use the facilities,” he said, “If they cut half the rec sports, we lose the waterpolo, we lose the open swim time. [The pool] becomes a puddle and this weight room becomes old equipment. We believe here in the kinesiology department that physical health is every bit as important as mental health.”

In a sense, Price was right about students at SF State. Many felt there was a limit to the additional money they would be willing to pay the following semesters; and athletics was not important enough to make the cut.

John Murphy, a liberal studies major, voted yes on all except athletics because of a “personal bias.”

“I don’t think athletics are a strong point of the school,” he said. “People are here to get an education and if you want to play volleyball or something you should go to a school with a mascot you can recognize.”

Murphy did not feel alone in his decision, considering athletics was the only referendum that did not pass. It made sense that students would want to put more money into education, and not sports, he said.

Despite SF State’s administration efforts, the College of Humanities will probably have to face cuts of approximately $550,000 next fall. But it could have been worse.

About a month ago, Paul Sherwin, dean of the College of Humanities, sat at his desk trying to figure out how to implement cuts of approximately $1.2 million to the department’s budget without hurting the quality and the integrity of the college -- an impossible mission.

It wasn’t until a few weeks ago that the university’s provost, John Gemello,and President Robert Corrigan agreed to approve some relief measures that will lower those cuts by approximately half.

They will provide the College of Humanities funds to support basic subject and university required classes such as composition, critical thinking, ESL, and Segment I requirement classes, as long as the college manages to keep its enrollment numbers. That would save the department more than $200,000, according to Sherwin.

On top of that, summer classes for the whole university will be funded by the Academic Affairs Department, rather than by each individual college, which means another $300,000 relief for the College of Humanities.

During this last year, the College of Humanities has managed to avoid major cuts in classes by increasing the number of students per class. For this next coming year there will still be a slight increase in the class sizes – maybe 26 students in a class where there were 24 before – but that won’t be enough to solve the problem of a budget deficit that looks to be twice as much as last years.

Therefore, unless there are significant changes, the College of Humanities will be offering 125 to 140 fewer classes next semester than it currently does, said Sherwin. The cuts should be applied evenly among the departments. A given department that currently offers 24 classes would be likely to offer 21 next semester.

But the college will try to compensate for some of those cuts by offering students a larger number of summer classes.

“I believe we had 81 summer classes last year. I’m proposing that we offer 90 to 93 this year,” said Sherwin. “We will be adding classes that we’ve known students have constantly not been able to get into in the past, such as English 114 and 214 and also certain major and graduate programs classes.”

“That does not compensate us for anything because classes cost a lot more in the summer,” said Diana Bautista, a psychology senior. “The Humanities department offers very good classes that gives students a different perspectives of the world. So I think these cuts are a shame.”

“Cutting more classes would make a very difficult situation. There’s already few courses being offered. It’s hard to believe there could be fewer,” said Marc Nassav, a French major.

"But it could have been a lot worse," said Sherwin. The department will have to cut about 12 to 15 percent of classes in the major and graduate programs only. But if it wasn’t for the relief given by the administration, that percentage would not only be higher, but it would also be applied to all classes offered in the Humanities College. That would include all basic subject and university required classes, which accounts for 44 percent of the classes offered in the department, explained Sherwin. “And that would have been devastating.”

“We are going to make every effort possible to provide the classes that students need, specially given the highly favorable response they’ve given to us in terms of their willingness to accept that (academic affairs) fee to support the instructional program (on the March referendum).”

If the March referendum -- approved by 60 percent of the 8,600 votes at SF State -- were approved by CSU Chancellor Charles Reed, it would certainly help the college’s budget crisis. It could possibly lower those cuts by half, according to Sherwin.

“However, until I learn whether the referendum is approved by CSU and if it is, how funds will be distributed in the University, I can’t say any of these numbers are certain, because the situation has been continually changing.”

Even if the referendum is approved, this budget crisis could get even worse in the spring semester when the final budget is passed, said Sherwin. “But as I said nothing is for certain. We have to wait and see. The situation is hard but not devastating,” he added.

A Tutoring Free for All

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Jennifer Peters sits in the tutoring wing on the third floor of the HSS building between two moveable dividers that serve to form a makeshift cubical.

She will have no time to even get up from her seat before the next student arrives asking for help with questions about their course work.

Twice a week Peters meets with four students, part of a grammar for writing group, working to help them pass their remedial English class at SF State. She also has weekly regulars and tutors student drop-ins.

This busy workload that consumes Peters day characterizes the state of most on campus tutoring programs.

All this lies in the wake of figures released by the California State University system stating that a little more than 40 percent of incoming freshman need remedial work in both math and English, based on English Placement (EPT) and Entry Level Math (ELM) exam scores.

The Learning Assistance Center (LAC) and the Community Access and Retention Program (CARP) are two of the main programs on campus that allow students to either schedule an appointment or drop in to receive help with their class work, for free.

Student use of the LAC increased 33.6 percent from 2000 to 2003, according to LAC complied statistics.

Tutors at the LAC are paid graduate, undergraduate and graduate teaching assistants who receive 20 hours of training to prepare them to help students one-on-one or in small groups.

Peters, a graduate student in teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL), has worked for the LAC for a few months now and is constantly busy.

Beyond one-on-one help and tutoring services, the LAC also offers access to a computer lab with Internet access and tutors to help navigate both the Macs and PCs.

“The tutoring services are designed to help students with the improvement of their academic skills. Not just with the content of a particular course but also transfer skills like reading, time management and visualization,” said Peter Ingmire, the math and sciences coordinator for the LAC, who started tutoring as a graduate student and is now a teacher in the biology department.

Like Ingmire and Peters, many of the LAC tutors are on track to become teachers, some of them already teach undergraduate classes on campus.

The CARP offers ELM and EPT workshops, about an hour in length, that help prepare students to take the test by teaching techniques, skills and giving sample problems.

Both CARP and the LAC have pooled their resources to offer students free tutoring during an 11 hour period four days a week, Monday through Thursday, and five hours on Friday.

Exact hours and location: LAC M-TH 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. FRI 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. HSS 348 and CARP M-TH 4 p.m. to 8 p.m. FRI 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. HSS 344.

There is also free tutoring available through some departments, like the business, English, and sociology departments.

These departments have tutoring programs available to students during limited times.

“I like this job because it allows me to look at papers other than my own, and I get to meet students who are driven. They wouldn’t be coming to me if they weren’t,” said Matt Freeman, a graduate student, hired by the sociology department, earning his master’s in political science with an emphasis in political theory.

Freeman earned a bachelor’s from UC Berkeley in rhetoric, which helped him to closely analyze text and write poignant arguments, composing what he calls “proper” essays.

So far this semester he has helped five to 10 students with a success rate of 100 percent, no students have returned with complaints about the grade they received.

Like many of the tutors at the LAC, Freeman aspires to be a teacher and sees this as an opportunity to hone his skills.

He can be found in the sociology student lounge, HSS 375, Monday and Tuesday from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. Or he can be contacted by e-mail to make an appointment.

“Many students don’t understand and have questions they are afraid to ask in class,” said Cheryl Li, a senior and accounting major who tutors students for the business department in SCI 202 as a requirement for a class.

Li says some days she helps two or three students.

“Before they ask me they are very confused but if I can answer their questions they are very happy and I am satisfied,” Li said.

The alternative to free tutoring on campus is to hire a private tutor. This can cost anywhere from $25 to $40 an hour. Private tutors usually are flexible and work around a student’s schedule, meeting on or off campus, in a coffee shop or private home.

“My experience and qualifications allow me to teach the tricks of the trade that some tutors on campus don’t want to teach. I am not mainly concerned with grades but helping students to be successful,” said Dan Brook, a private tutor who advertises his services on various bulletin boards around campus.

Brook has a bachelor’s degree in socio-political economy from Clark University, a master’s in political science from SF State, and a doctorate in sociology from Davis.

He offers students help with research papers, essays, articles, dissertations, graduate applications, and preparing for the SAT, GRE and GMAT. Brook has graded essays for the GRE before.

Brook describes his style as easy-going with effective techniques. He has taught at both SF State and UC Berkeley.

Still some students see the advantages of free tutoring on campus outweighing those of acquiring a private tutor.

“It is so convenient to have tutors available on campus, I can get help in between my classes or before I make the long trek home … and I don’t even have to bust out my wallet!” said Brandon Scordino, a San Jose resident and commuter student who has utilized the free campus tutoring services in the past.

The Career Center hosted about 40 employers during a career expo March 11 in which more than 600 students had an opportunity to meet prospective employers, discuss their resumes during workshops, and make first contact with people in their fields.

Employer attitudes at the expo seemed to reflect a November 2003 report done by the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE), which reported employers they surveyed are more optimistic this year than they have been in the last two years.

But many students seemed apprehensive about their prospects in a highly competitive job market.

Kyaw Thiha, 19, a corporate finance major, said he didn’t know his resume was formatted incorrectly until he spoke to Deborah D’Attilio, a regional recruiting manager at Enterprise Rent-A-Car.

“I am really worried because I have no work experience, and I’m having a difficult time getting work,” Thiha said.

D’Attilio said Enterprise Rent-A-Car currently has had a long record of hiring students from the Bay Area and the company expects to hire more than 6,500 people into its management training program this year.

”We like to come to SF State because students here are serious and talented,” she said. “I’ve seen a lot of great students and their diversity is what we are looking for. We currently have many alumni running our business today.”

According to the NACE report, corporate recruiters aren’t giving new graduates lucrative bonuses or higher salaries like they did in the in the late 1990s. The report found that 51 percent of employers doubted they would increase starting pay for graduates. It said that as the economy rebounds, companies will start to invest.

Anabel Avina, a senior majoring in journalism, said she has mixed feelings about her ability to find work after she graduates.

“I am two-fold on my outlook on getting a job,” Avina said. “On the one hand, I am very worried but I’m hoping to connect with people, so on the other hand I’m trying to be positive.”

In order to pay the rent, Avina works during the week as a marketing assistant for an entertainment company and helps promotes concerts for a music company on the weekends.

Having an internship is another way to get your foot in the door. In a NACE survey, 42 percent of employers who responded said they convert their interns into full-time workers. Most often they find their interns at college campuses, the report said.

Luis Trelles, an electrical engineering major who graduates in May, knows that without experience he is in for a tough haul in finding work. He visited the career expo to apply with companies such as PG&E.

“Hopefully I’ll get a couple of places to call me back,” Trelles said. “Internships are important, especially for engineers. I’ve been worried for the last couple of years about finding a job in my field.”

Being an accountant, working in the service industry or working for the U.S. Department of State are some of the careers that will see an increase in new employees.

Service employers plan to hire 22 percent more new graduates this year than last year. And although governmental agencies expect to cut hiring by 10 percent this year, agencies like the Internal Revenue Service and the U.S. Department of State are aggressively seeking new graduates. The manufacturing industry, on the other hand, only plans to hire 3.4 percent more graduates this year.

“SF State has had many qualified candidates in the past, which is why we like to recruit on campus,” said Tim Schakow, recruiter for the IRS. He is searching for accountants and book-keepers on campus.

Schakow advised students to investigate the employers before meeting with them. “Impress the recruiter by knowing some background and the primary officers of the company and find out what their future plans are,” he said. “Are you willing to conform to those positions?”

Senior Calvin Fong, said being a finance major is problematic because of the lack of possibilities he has seen.

“Will I be able to find a job in finance or accounting?” he asked. “I am very concerned but I try to stay positive and just get out there and network.”

For students interested in working abroad, the U.S. Department of State is hiring hundreds of new candidates to work in embassies all over the world.

“We are looking for an extremely diverse crowd from all types of majors to work as ambassadors, diplomats or consuls,” said Allison Reimers, a recruiter with the federal agency.

She said that as many baby boomers retire the agency is looking for fresh talent. The federal program is stable so they plan to hire two or three times more people than they did last year.

But for majors in computer science the job market has not given them a silver lining.

Adil Mourftakir graduated from SF State last December and said that he has not been able to find a job since.

“They (recruiters) are looking for customer service people,” Mourftakir said. “Most of the companies look for people with five years experience and I don’t have that. I feel disappointed because you’ve spend so much time and energy (on school) and then it doesn’t pay up.”

Mourftakir works at a hotel to pay the bills and said that after investing six years of his life in school, he thought he would be able find a job.

Students looking for jobs in social work are having a tough time at career fairs, because with state budget cuts looming in the millions, work is scarce for graduating seniors.

Arpana Thapa, a senior majoring in social work, said that she has been applying for jobs for several months and no one has called her back.

“It has been complicated finding work in my field. With no money for social programs, I don’t know what I’ll do,” she said.

Yet, overall, SF State students are young, hungry and well-educated, according to the recruiters on campus.

“We’re looking for people that really have big picture dynamic thinking and the charisma to pull it all together,” said Vance Tuneberg, account manager of 96.5 KOIT radio.

He said his company is always looking for graduates to work in their sales and marketing department.

» National Association of Colleges and Employers As a source of information on career planning and employment for the college-educated work force, it provides research and information through annual employer/college surveys, quarterly surveys of starting salary offers to new college graduates, a quarterly journal, and a biweekly newsletter.
» FastWeb The scholarship search service helps students make decisions about choosing a college, paying for college and finding jobs during and after college.
» U.S. Department of Labor The department administers a variety of federal labor laws including those that guarantee workers’ rights to safe and healthful working conditions; a minimum hourly wage and overtime pay; freedom from employment discrimination; unemployment insurance; and other income support.


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Cutting edge technology and 3D real time representations are just a couple of the buzzwords floating around the biology department in response to the new equipment in the Cell Molecular Imaging Center (CMIC).

The Nikon C1 Confocal Microscope and the 3i Marianas Deconvolution System are the newest additions to the CMIC, which is currently located on the 7th floor of Hensill Hall. A new lab is scheduled to open this summer in the basement of the same building.

The confocal laser scanning microscope can applicably remove out of focus light, and allow the in focused light to be visualized, said Dr. Wilfred Denetclaw, an assistant professor. Then using the power of computers, researchers can rebuild the images in a three dimensional view through a procedure known as image processing, so you can see in high detail what is present in the tissue or cells in a way you couldn’t under the old way of doing florescence microscopy where there was a lot of interference from out of focus light.

According to the CMIC Web site “Deconvolution is an alternative to confocal imaging that gives fluorescent images and three-dimensional image-stacks. It is especially useful in dynamic experiments, because it has the added advantage of rapid image acquisition.”

“One of the beauties of this technology is it spans a number of different fields of study. Sometimes when you have some technology it is only applicable to one area of biology,” Professor Megumi Fuse said. “This is all of a sudden applicable to everything—developmental biology, potentially evolutionary biology, definitely physiology, any kind of cell molecular biology. The whole biology dept should be pretty happy to use it, probably chemistry and biochemistry will want to use it.”

The CMIC is available to everyone at SF State, though each user must receive authorization from the staff before using the instruments. The lab is open to all SF State researchers free of charge.

“We have a lot of students doing projects in the labs,” Fuse said. “Now all of a sudden these students get a chance to be using cutting edge technology directly.”

She added, “My view is the students will be more competitive for going on to higher education. If they want to apply for a PhD they look good, because they know how to use the equipment, their confident about it, their not behind at all in what they can do scientifically, so its pretty exciting.”

Shayin S. Gettlieb, Dr. Denetclaw’s research technician, said, “Its very unusual for a state collge to have the level of sophisticated equipment we have…we are very lucky to have two confocal microscopes.”

In September 2002, the biology department began receiving a $5,042,104 grant for the CMIC that will be dispersed over a five-year period. The funding is being made available through The Research Infrastructure in Minority Institutions (RIMI) grant program, whose goal is to strengthen the research environment of predominately minority-serving academic institutions through grant support.

Dr. Denetclaw’s particular lab is looking at early skeletal muscle development of the chicken embryo, known as Myotome formation. The chicken embryo is used because it represents a good animal model for human muscle embryonic muscle development as well as other mammals, he said. Researchers were really able to understand this to a level of sophistication, which helps them appreciate the molecular information that was also being developed at that time for early cell and muscle formation.

“The work I did with my colleague at UCSF, who I worked with when I was doing my post-doc, was a century old problem in terms of understanding how cells from muscles formed in the body of these transient embryological organs called somites,” Dr. Denetclaw said. “Although multiple models had been built to explain the process, it was only until we applied the confocal microscope to this problem that we were able to really see a pattern of growth and development skeletal muscles that form the body in all of our higher vertebrae.”

For instance, Fuse said she can take an insect brain — which is about the size of a pin -- and can actually visualize a lot of the nerves and cell bodies inside the brain. This set ups her research to see what kind of hormones and neurotransmitters are located inside the brain, then allows her to do some 3D reconstructions of what this would look like.

“It's like if you were doing a meat cutter, slicing a whole bunch of them and putting them back together," Fuse said with a smile. “Now you have stored all this information on the computer and you can actually reconstruct what the whole thing would look like.”

“I think it’s great, all of these students out here voicing their opinion, I just hope somebody inside hears it,” said Alonzo Greene, a College of Sisques student, referring to about 5,000 students rallying at the doors of California’s state capital building on Monday.

All the signs of hope and optimism were present as students arrived in buses and cars at Raley Field in West Sacramento, marched in protest across the gold-painted Tower Bridge, and arrived at a sunny courtyard facing the Capitol. The one who was not present was the perpetrator of the crowd’s accusations of raising student fees and “shutting doors” to college campuses—Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Students and teachers voiced many of their frustrations through heart felt speeches and creatively worded signs. “Education is our right not a privilege,” read one. “Hey Arnold, keep education affordable,” read another.

California State University students played an active role in the demonstration to represent the struggles that budget cuts are bringing to their own campuses. But they also came for support of their colleagues, many of whom are in the same position as CSU students once were in previous semesters—attending community colleges in hopes of transferring to state universities in order to complete their higher education.

According to the CSU Web site, every year the CSU system enrolls about 50,000 new transfer students from California community colleges. Under the California Education Code, CSU's top admission priority is transfer students from the state's community colleges. In fact, two-thirds of all incoming CSU students are transfer students.

“We’re here to show the community colleges we’re with them and we understand their struggles,” said Claudia Solis, a freshman at Sacramento State, “We’re fighting for the same cause. “

As Solis and her friend Laura Kerr held signs on the sidelines of the march, Kerr explained the importance of protecting higher education. California has a world-class education, and the governor shouldn’t walk away from that, said Kerr.

“California is known world wide for its top quality universities at a low price,” said Kerr, a political science graduate from Humboldt State.

Affordability was a main theme of the day, as many of the speakers mentioned the important role that community colleges play in their futures.

“We are your middle and low income families and you are representing us,” said a demonstrator from the stage.

"A lot of us can't afford to pay expensive tuition," said Bobbi Hogue, a student from Merced College. We should still be able to afford the right to receive a higher education, she said.

"I can't afford a private school and I am working too much to be at a university, but that doesn't mean I don't care about my future," said Hogue.

Doug Biggert, a community college student working at the gift shop across the street from the capital said this was one of the best demonstrations he had seen because of the amount of people.

“We see a lot of demonstrations around here,” he said, “the representation at this one is good and hopefully there will be a response.”

Amanda Cue, a graduate student at SF State was at the protest to represent the fee increases for grad students, which will be raised by 40 percent with non-matching financial aid.

The budget cuts are making it more difficult for grad students and for students who already have bachelor’s degrees to continue their education because the costs are unreasonable and won’t be supported by financial aid, she said.

Schwarzanegger’s proposed 2004/05 budget will cut $240 million from the CSU system, raise student fees for undergraduates by 10 percent and graduates by 40 percent.

Belligerent, sun-baked, green-beer drinking party people, three leaf clovers, police, a little Celtic music and a whole lot of fun. Throw them into the street and what have you got? A San Francisco St. Patrick’s Day celebration.

The life of St. Patrick who converted Pagan Ireland to Catholicism is being celebrated once again on this sunny spring day. Streets in North Beach and the Financial district have been closed to traffic to allow party people to flood the streets with drinks in hand — creating an opportune time to drink more than the liver can process.

The San Francisco Police Department (SFPD) will have officers present to take care of people who consume more alcohol than they can handle and any other situation that arises in which they can offer a helping hand. Twenty to 25 officers will be at the three locations where streets are closed including, O’Reilly’s on Green Street, Harrington Bar and Grill on Front Street and The Irish Bank on Mark Lane.

Street closure is the most effective way of keeping everybody safe, or keeping traffic away from drunken people, Sgt. John Colla of the SFPD central police district said. Twenty years ago before they started officially closing the streets, drunken people would regularly wander into traffic, endangering both themselves and drivers, he said.

Police will also be present, as requested by management, at various other bars in the area around North Beach and the Financial district that draw in huge crowds.

Last year about 1,000 people attended the North Beach and Financial district St. Patrick’s Day street festivities, but because of the beautiful warm weather today police expect a turn out of 2,000 to 3,000 people. “The heat really brings them out. We don’t like nice weather when we’re in charge of alcohol drinking people,” Colla said.

According to Colla who oversees security for events in these areas of town, the most frequent crime they take people to the station for is being drunk in public. People who are lying in curbs, throwing up all over themselves or too emotionally distraught to function will be taken to the County Jail and thrown in the drunk tank — for their own protection. After about four hours or when able to care of themselves, people are released without being charged for a crime.

“We look at it as playing Daddy for the evening because some people are not able to take care of themselves. They are too drunk, violent or childish,” Colla said.

Violence is not typically a problem at the St. Patrick’s Day festivities. Colla said that events that serve food and drink are usually easy to handle, especially with street closures and police present.

Sometimes little scuffs break out in which people push one another around a bit, but they are usually alcohol induced and not very serious, SFPD Officer Scott Gaines said. Police will take fighters to the station if it seems to be in the best interest of the public. Those people also will be released after sobering up through what the district attorney calls being dismissed in the interest of justice, Gaines said.

“Cooler heads prevail,” Gaines said.

In the event that the crowds get out of control Police sergeants can call for back up. The TAC squad, which Colla said is like a SWAT team, is available as needed and can act as additional police support.

The SFPD is also responsible for providing homeland security. Gains said the United States is currently on yellow alert and the CIA and the FBI constantly notify the police officers of any changes in national security status.

When sheets of rain began to fall on SF State Feb. 25, nobody could predict the danger it would pose, but nearly a month later, officials have come much closer to tabulating the scope of the damage.

Almost every building on campus lost power, including the Cesar Chavez Student Center, the Administration Building and the Student Health Center.

Saturated earth led to landslides and wild floods threatening Hensill and Thornten Halls, and exposed pipes – one a 24-inch, San Francisco water main and the other a sewage line – along 19th Avenue posed other potential disasters.

The basement level of Burk Hall was filled with pungent liquid, and more water ruined the landscaping around the humanities building. Sophomore David Berry's Honda Prelude was emerged in a lake that was once the first level of Lot 20.

To say the least, the storm took its toll on SF State.

And while faculty and administration have worked nonstop to clean up the campus – nursing wounds that may never heal – many questions have now been answered.

What Went Wrong

SF State Meteorology Professor David Dempsey was around the affected areas at Hensill and Thornton Halls during the peak period of rainfall.

According to Dempsey, the rapid rainfall and subsequent accumulation of water were to blame for the event.

“If it comes down too fast, there’s no place it can go,” said Dempsey.

Information collected and analyzed by Dempsey’s colleague, Professor John Monteverdi, reported that SF State was hit by 1.5 inches of rain in about 30 minutes.

Monteverdi’s data referred to the peak period of the storm as an event that happens every 1000 years, meaning there is a one-percent chance of it happening again in the next millennium.

Many said the floods were something that took them by surprise. According to Michael Strange, the equipment technician for the school of engineering, nobody really foresaw it.

Strange, a part of the emergency evacuation team for the sciences building, helped evacuate the building when the power went out. After removing a piece of cardboard and a tree branch from a storm drain on 19th Ave., he monitored the exit and entrance points of the building to make sure nobody entered.

According to Strange, an expert in fluid mechanics, storm drains neglected by the City of San Francisco were the main reason water levels rose to 19 inches above street level at some points.

"But even if the storm drains weren't blocked we would've had damage," Strange said. "It's a question of whether you want three swimming pools worth of water as opposed to two."

The City of San Francisco built the underground systems that are beneath SF State over 100 years ago. The storm drains and the sewer lines were never separated, and any time the storm drains overflow, the danger of feces surfacing becomes a possibility, according to Engineering Professor Norman Owen.

The classrooms most affected in Burk Hall were used by teaching credential students and local high school students in the Small Schools for Equity program. Co-Director Kate Goka was there when the water started to rise.

“We saw the storm drain backing up, and then the water just crept into the classrooms,” said Goka. “It smelled like sewage.”

A raw sewage leak can be dangerous because it carries harmful bacteria and viruses. Water damage alone prompted the removal of carpet and sheet rock in the basement of Burk Hall, but any bacteria growth would call for more extreme measures, according to Robert Shearer, director of Environmental Health and Occupational Safety.

According to Shearer, preliminary field tests ruled out the possibility that sewer water entered the building.

“It was just a storm drain. Thank god it wasn’t sewage,” said Shearer.

Picking Up the Tab

Officials still have not tallied the complete cost of repairs, but Vice President of Administration and Finance Leroy Morishita said that the price tag for the major water intrusion was, “in the millions and growing.”

But while cuts have been made in the University budget effecting nearly every area, participation in the CSU’s Risk Management Pool has remained a constant.

In a recent meeting, Morishita called the participation in the insurance policy – which cost the school approximately $800,000 a year in rising premium fees – a fixed part of the budget.

Most of the repairs will be covered by money specifically set aside for property damage which encompasses structures and permanent fixtures but not contents.

According to Morishita, the total cost to SF State will be a $100,000 deductible.

Along with preparation for the financial disaster, SF State officials have also made efforts to minimize harm to the campus community by making an Emergency Procedures Manual available on the University Web site, by organizing disaster drills and by designating and training personnel throughout the campus for an emergency.

The handbook covers incidents from natural disasters such as earthquakes and fires to accidents like hazardous material spills and blackouts. Campus police have even developed procedures for dealing with a hostage crisis.

SF State Police also developed the Emergency Operations Center for major disasters such as a fatal earthquake. The system links all buildings on campus to a central communications hub which works even when phone lines don’t.

According to Michael Strange, emergency representatives from each building meet once every two months to prepare for a disaster, and though the chances of a storm of this magnitude happening again are one in 1000, it is possible the same thing will happen tomorrow.

"We're as prepared as we can be, given the resources we have, and we don't really have many resources," said Strange.

Women are struggling still for cultural equality and compensation for harm caused during wartime, according to international relations professors at Tuesday's panel, "States of Apology: Gender, Violence and Post-Conflict Reparations."

The event is third of the Women’s History Month/International Women’s Day lecture series held in HSS 248. The purpose is to acknowledge and celebrate Women’s History Month and International Women’s Day and bring to light women’s issues and concerns, according to Kathryn Johnson, coordinator of special projects for the Marian Wright Edelman Institute which is housed in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences and addresses the changing needs of children, youth and families.

About 50 students filled the classroom. Some had to sit on the floor to listen to the panel that included: Burcu Akan Ellis, international relations assistant professor; Angelika von Wahl, international relations and political science assistant professor; Sophie Clavier, international relations assistant professor; and moderator JoAnn Aviel, international relations professor.

People still see women as baby producers for their nations and ethnicities and women are often “invisible” in society, said Clavier, who is also a lecturer in the criminal justice program.

“Women are assigned less value,” Clavier said.

She also said that people still think women are for doing housework and taking care of babies. Even if women take care of their children, they do not get money, so their income is zero.

Von Wahl, who discussed "Victims Redeemed: Human Rights Abuse and Reparation in Germany, Japan, and the U.S.," pointed out that women and gays and lesbians have had a hard time getting compensation after wars.

Wahl explained that compensation is based on communities and ethnicities but not often on gender.

“Women seem to belong to a different community,” Von Wahl said.

Students said they thought the event was valuable.

“It is important to have it to open my eyes,” said James Corbin, 25, a senior and international business major.

People have been blind about women in society, Corbin said.

Monica Enriquez, 23, a senior and international relations major, said it was good that many departments came together for the event and that she learned what gender bias is.

Charlie El-qare said he thought the event addressed issues of which many people were not aware.

“I think that more events should be like this,” said the 28-year-old senior and political science major.

The last of the Women’s History Month/International Women’s Day lecture series will be March 30 in the University Club from 4 to 6 p.m. For more information, e-mail

It’s been almost three weeks since David Berry found his car flooded in the Lot 20 basement at SF State and the car is still not drivable.

On Wednesday Feb. 25, Berry found about 3/4 of his black 1993 Honda Prelude covered in water. After the water had gone down later in the day Berry called AAA to tow his car.

AAA does not tow lowered vehicles though, and Berry found himself in another hole. Berry called his boss, who had a friend who owned a tow truck, at work to help him out. They got it out around 7 p.m.

Though Berry finally got the car out of the garage, he’s not going anywhere else with it.

“Everything in the car is fried,” Berry said. “It was like a greenhouse in their for a while. Everything still stinks really bad, just putting your head inside for a couple of seconds makes you want to puke. I reached under the seat to try and get something and all I felt was slime.”

Berry said that the CD player deck is completely gone but the speakers in the back of the car still might be able to be salvaged.

“I had my insurance appraiser come down (March 2) to look at the car, and he is writing a report saying that the car was flood totaled,” Berry said. “The appraiser also told me that I might be able to get up to $1,000 for the stereo equipment lost.”

SF State however is not helping Berry with anything like insurance.

“When you buy a permit to park at SF State, it states that they are not responsible for any theft, or in this case flooding to your car,” Berry said.

Berry’s life has been different as he has been taking the bus and getting rides from friends. He says the main difference is getting ready to leave about 45 minutes earlier than he is used to. Berry is also ready to own a new car. He is looking at possibly getting a 1994 or 1997 Mazda Miata.

Chanting slogans such as “We want Arnold,” and “Keep the doors open,” an estimated 5,000 students marched on the Capitol in Sacramento Monday and staged a four-hour rally to protest Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger’s proposed fee hikes for community college students.

Schools from as far south as San Diego and Los Angeles, and from all around the greater Bay Area took part in the protest, which chastised the governor’s plan to raise the cost of attending community colleges in California to $26 per unit, an increase of 44 percent.

Unlike the stipulation in the governor’s proposed budget that calls for a 10 percent cap on annual fee increases at University of California and California State University campuses, no such provision is extended toward community colleges in his plan.

SF State and San Jose State were the only universities with a noticeable contingent of protestors among the crowd. SF State students were thanked by speakers for making the one-and-a-half hour trek to Sacramento and representing the transfer students who “will become a dying breed” should the governor’s fee hikes go into effect.

The day started with an hourlong march through the streets of downtown Sacramento and culminated with a crossing of Sacramento’s Tower Bridge, a thunderous procession straight through downtown and ended with students streaming into the Capitol promenade and up the steps toward an awaiting police barricade 50 feet from the building’s entrance.

Strewn across in front of the barricade were 120 dark statues, all decorated in differing colors and patterns, which represented the silenced students who will no longer be able to take advantage of one of California’s 109 community colleges.

During the next three hours, various speakers, from students to teachers, took the microphone placed in front of the statues and lamented over the possible outcomes of the proposed budget.

Some speakers – who included Lt. Gov. Cruz Bustamante –blasted Schwarzenegger for his apparent hypocrisy in taking advantage of a free community college education and now attempting to raise fees.

“Those of us, including the governor, who benefited from free education 20 years ago, should see it as our responsibility to help those who don’t get the same opportunity as we did,” said Marty Hillman of the California Federation of Teachers.

Last year, community college fees jumped from $11 per unit to $18 per unit. According to Scott Lay, the media spokesman for the event, last year’s rise caused community colleges to turn away 175,000 students and Schwarzenegger’s plan will cause them to turn away an additional 39,600.

Although last year’s protest at the Capitol produced a crowd of well over 10,000 people according to the California Highway Patrol, protestors were still happy with the lower turnout this year.

“Last year they said it was a fluke having so many students come out and protest,” said Cameron Samini of El Camino Community College in Torrance, “but this year proves they were wrong. They are denying access to the system by raising fees. And we’re here to let them know they can’t just do it and watch us keep silent about it.”

The protest also had an anti-war undertone. “If they can build bombs, they can pay for schools,” Hillman said. Some students held up signs reading, “Books Not Bombs.”

Sarah Levine, a junior history major at SF State, was active during the protest passing out socialist literature and encouraging people to attend a March 20 “Global Day of Action” rally at Dolores Park in San Francisco.

“As a Socialist, I’m really concerned about them cutting my education, and I’m trying to fight for a world where education is free,” Levine said. “The same cuts that are coming out of schools are being used to make more prisons and make more bombs to drop over Iraq; and it comes out of our pockets.

“So, it’s really important that when we fight against student cuts that we also fight against the war and against the injustice system, because they’re all connected. We need more of these protests. As big as this is, we need bigger. We need multi-issue, linking up issues and that will pressure people like Schwarzenegger and pressure people like Bush to have to change.”

About 2.9 million people attend community colleges in California, a state which ranks 45th in the nation in funding for community colleges according to the Public Policy Institute of California.

The California Student Association of Community Colleges, Faculty Association of Community Colleges, California School Employees Association and the Service Employees International Union Local 790 organized the event.

Campus Crime

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Monday, March 8
12:48 a.m. POSSESSION
Fidel Huete, 20, was cited and released for having less than one ounce of marijuana near Mary Ward Hall.
A vehicle, previously reported stolen to the San Francisco Police Department (SFPD) was found parked near the intersection of Holloway Avenue and Tapia Drive. The owner of the vehicle was notified.
A 51-year-old man was taken to the hospital for a head injury after falling near the J. Paul Leonard Library.
Three men, dressed entirely in black, were reportedly approaching women walking alone near Thornton Hall and asking them to purchase an unknown product. Officers were unable to locate the men.
A MUNI bus shelter by Winston Drive and 19th Avenue was on fire. The cause is unknown, said Sergeant Jennifer Schwartz.

Tuesday, March 9
3:16 a.m. POSSESSION
Benjamin Harris, 18, was cited and released for having less than one ounce of marijuana after an officer saw this student in the bushes near S. State and Lake Merced Drives.
Six juveniles, reported to be brandishing a firearm in Burk Hall, were released to their high school principal after officers determined the weapon to be a toy. The students are enrolled in the Small School for Equity, a high school located in Burk Hall.
Alleged gossip between two female SF State students led to a physical fight in front of the Student Services Bldg.
A girl was slapped with a discarded lollipop near Burk Hall after she ignored some lewd comments he made. The dredlocked man, estimated to be in his mid-twenties, picked up the lollipop she had tossed to the ground and slapped her with it. The man was gone when officers arrived.
A student’s vehicle was broken in to while it was parked overnight on Lake Merced Blvd. Loss: $625.
A 19-year-old female Mary Ward Hall resident was taken to the hospital after officers determined her to be suicidal.

Wednesday, March 10
A vehicle was broken in to while it was parked overnight on Lake Merced Blvd. near S. State Drive. Loss: $370.
A fight between two male juveniles in Burk Hall led to one boy being sent home. Both are enrolled in the Burk Hall high school.
A fight between two females, allegedly over an ex-boyfriend, resulted in one woman going to the Student Health Center after getting punched in the eye.
12:32 p.m. GRAND THEFT
A student’s unattended purse was stolen from the Humanities Bldg. Loss: $520.
A bicycle theft was thwarted after a student saw and confronted another man, who was cutting a bicycle lock with bolt cutters. The man left the area before officers arrived, and the student brought the bike to the Student Union for safekeeping. About an hour later, Schwartz said, the bike was reunited with its owner.
A 59-year-old female staff member suffering chest pains in Lot 19 was taken to the hospital via ambulance.
A man exposed himself to a student in the J. Paul Leonard Library. The man was gone when officers arrived.

Thursday, March 11
A student's vehicle was broken in to while it was parked overnight on Lake Merced Blvd. Loss: $550.

Friday, March 12
4:38 p.m. PETTY THEFT
A student's backpack, left unattended in Burk Hall while she went to the bathroom, was stolen. Loss: $53.
Success Nwolise, a former SF State student, was reported missing by her Stonestown Apartments roommate. Nwolise, 19, has been missing since Thursday, March 11. This case is currently under investigation, Schwartz said.

Sunday, March 14
7:57 p.m. POSSESSION
Dustin Katch, 19, was cited and released for having marijuana after officers saw him smoking near the intersection of Lake Merced and Middlefield Drives.
10:12 p.m. POSSESSION
Ellen Lavin, 18, was cited and released for having marijuana after officers saw him smoking near the intersection of Lake Merced and Middlefield Drives.

When a controversial ad like the full-page one that ran in the March 11 issue comes to our advertising department, it is [X]press’ policy that the editorial board has the ultimate decision as to whether it should run in our publication.

This did not happen. Our 16-person editorial board did not get the opportunity to look at the ad before it was printed. According to our ad department, it got the ad on Tuesday (though the ad deadline is Monday) and no one read over the advertisement. Instead it was pasted on our page flats and sent to us on Wednesday afternoon. We took the paper to the printer at about 4:30 p.m. and paid no attention to the ads on any page as usual.

It wasn’t until Thursday morning did we see the full-page advertisement on the back.

This is not how it is supposed to be. There are procedures that this publication instituted so that this would not happen.

About three years ago, David Horowitz tried to run an ad against black reparations. The ad was so inflammatory that the editorial board decided not to run the ad and then ran a handful of stories about why we didn’t. About a year ago, an anti-abortion group wanted to run an insert in the newspaper. The editorial board agreed to accept the insert, but then it included stories in the paper discussing the issue.

[X]press has prided itself on diversity. Our staff is composed of people from many different races, ethnicities and religions. There are people of different generations and from both ends of the political spectrum. The fact that this ad ran in our paper betrays our mission statement. In no way does the editorial board share the same beliefs as Horowitz.

This is what we’re doing to rectify the issue:

1) There will be a front page clarification explaining what has happened

2) We are running another article about SF State’s reaction to the ad

3) We are bringing back the Opinion page to hear what you have to say. You can e-mail by Wednesday for Thursday's issue.

4) Every page flat and advertisement will be checked before it goes to the printer

SF State astronomy students can expect a new and significant addition to their textbooks next year.

NASA scientists revealed today that astronomers have recently discovered a planet-like object that sits at the farthest reaches of our solar system, possibly making it the 10th planet. The planet, named Sedna, after the Inuit goddess who created the sea creatures of the Arctic, is three times farther from Earth than Pluto, the previously known outermost planet to revolve around the sun.

“The sun appears so small from that distance that you could completely block it out with the head of a pin,” said Dr. Mike Brown of California Institute of Technology, Pasadena in a news release.

Researchers at Caltech’s Palomar Observatory near San Diego first detected Sedna last November. It is the largest object found in our solar system since Pluto, the ninth planet, was discovered in 1930.

What’s particularly fascinating about this discovery, according to SF State research fellow Chris McCarthy, is that Sedna’s orbit is radically elliptical, unlike most planets’ orbits, which are more spherical.

“What’s interesting is it has a ridiculously eccentric orbit,” McCarthy said. “This makes it different from other planets in the solar system.”

McCarthy says that because of its elliptical orbit, Sedna, which is 8 billion miles away, was not previously close enough to Earth to be detected. This suggests, according to McCarthy, that there could possibly be other undetected planets within the solar system that are larger than Sedna, which is smaller than Pluto, but which have equally dramatic elliptical orbits that have allowed them to be undetected by researchers. In other words, there could be other planets in our orbit we aren’t aware of yet.

Already there is some debate about whether Sedna should technically be called a planet. McCarthy says astronomers generally define a planet as a mass that orbits around a star. But researchers also use other characteristics to classify something as a planet. For instance, some also take into account the size of the object or whether the object was formed into a sphere by its own gravity. For now, Sedna is being referred to as a planet or “planetoid,” since it indeed orbits the sun.

In any case, the Sedna’s sighting underscores the ever-evolving process of discovery just within our own solar system.

“I think it just reminds us that astronomy is an ongoing process of discovery,” McCarthy said. “We’re constantly rewriting the textbooks by the new discoveries that have been made.”

» Spitzer Space Telescope at California Institute of Technology The Spitzer Space Telescope was launched into space on Aug. 25, 2003. During its 2.5-year mission, Spitzer will obtain images and spectra by detecting the infrared energy, or heat, radiated by objects in space between wavelengths of 3 and 180 microns (1 micron is one-millionth of a meter).
» SF State's Physics and Astronomy Department The Physics and Astronomy Department's goal is to educate versatile physicists and astronomers who combine a solid knowledge of theory with real-world skills in problem solving, data acquisition and analysis, and computer-based simulation and analysis.

It is an exciting day for SF State professor James Orenberg when he finds a letter amid a stack of mail with the familiar name of a former student staring back at him -- a letter full of praise and thanks for a “well-rounded” education.

Orenberg, the chair of the SF State chemistry and biochemistry department, bursts with pride knowing that he is able to give his students a hands-on education that prepares them to enter their field or to move onto higher education. Conducting research allows him and many other professors to prepare students through participation in research projects, said Orenberg.

A recent article in The San Francisco Chronicle stated that the focus at CSUs is shifting from teaching toward research, and professors are spending less time with students and more time away from the classroom. SF State was at the center of the article, as it has quadrupled its research budget in the past ten years and received nearly $50 million in outside funding in 2002-03.

Many members of the SF State faculty agree that over the last ten years research has become more prominent on campus, but they feel this change is beneficial for the students, as well as for the university.

“We enjoy teaching; teaching is our life. Dealing with students is important and research comes secondary,” said Orenberg.

Dean Sheldon Axler, of the college of science and engineering, responded to The Chronicle article in a letter to the editor: “Your article misses the tight integration of teaching and research at universities that encourage excellence in both areas. To be a good teacher, one must be intellectually active. In many fields, the best way to be intellectually active is to have an active research program.”

Although the original 1960 CSU system Master Plan for Higher Education designated the UCs as the primary state-supported academic research institution, the plan was modified 20 years ago to give CSU professors the chance to seek outside funding for research projects. Today, many CSU professors spend time conducting research.

Quoted in The Chronicle, Carol Liu, a Democratic assemblywoman who heads the Assembly committee on higher education, feels that CSU professors should not stray from the mission of education and teaching. Others who oppose the increase of research feel the prestige that comes with recognized research is luring teachers out of the classroom.

A professor's teaching load will be reduced if he or she receives grants to do research, but not completely taken away.

“It is a difficult balancing act to do as much teaching as we do and research. It adds up to more than full time but if you are not involved in your subject, you get stale. If you are excited about your field, it enriches your teaching,” said Mary Luckey, a chemistry professor who has been at SF State since 1982.

Luckey was at UC Berkeley for ten years as a graduate student, postdoctoral fellow, and lecturer, but she decided to come to SF State because she wanted the chance to combine research and teaching. The main focus at UC Berkeley, she said, was on research.

On a campus where teaching and research are integrated, professors and students can work together. Students can act as “another set of hands,” said Orenberg.

Professor Cliff Berkman, who is currently doing research to develop new diagnostic therapeutics for prostate cancer, gets students involved in his projects. He is also teaching a medicinal chemistry course.

“I utilize the energy and enthusiasm of undergraduate students,” said Berkman.

Another example is Professor Sergio Aragon, who is currently researching macromolecules with the help of one undergraduate, two graduate students, and one post-doctoral student.

Graduate students in the science department are required to do research and undergraduates can earn credit by participating.

Science is not the only department at SF State that is conducting research. Marketing department chair Professor Sanjit Sengupta was attracted to SF State because of the chance to do research. In the College of Business, it is required that every professor conduct research in order to be accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB).

While researching professors continue to teach one or two upper division courses and lecturers teach lower division “service” classes. Sengupta has noticed an increase in class sizes since he came to SF State in 1996 in order to allow professors more time for research.

“We do not use lecturers as a substitute for faculty. We do not have the budget to have tenure teachers for all classes,” said Sengupta.

Lecturers are hired under “high scrutiny” and are evaluated by students and staff. Many SF State lecturers are a part of the permanent faculty.

When new professors are hired, tenure track staff look not only for the ability to be an excellent teacher but also someone with a vibrant research program that students can work on and that fits the general environment, said Aragon.

“For faculty, the real challenge is in research. We should let the faculty do what excites them. If we were only doing teaching, we would not attract the best staff,” said Sengupta.

Although SF State is not known as a research institution, some feel that the university can benefit greatly by making a name for itself through high-profile research projects.

“When the university gets more public, we get more donations. Just because we are public does not mean we are not a direct business industry,” said Aragon.

Luckey, on the other hand, feels that the administration should not over emphasize research.

“We cannot compete with Stanford or Berkeley. We want the glory, but we do not have the infrastructure,” said Luckey.

Joel Calabrese, the chair of decision sciences, feels that everybody in the college of business is committed to a full teaching load as well as research.

“I don’t see the CSU becoming a research institution, the primary mission is to teach, and I think that it is going to stay like that,” said Calabrese.

Though SF State students celebrate National Women's History Month and recognize the advances women have made throughout the years, they say full equality has not been accomplished yet, not even at SF State.

During an event held at the Malcolm X Plaza by La Raza Student Organization on March 8 -- International Women’s Day -- guest speakers remarked on the significance of this date and called for an end to discrimination against women.

“This is one of the most important days of the year. But we need to keep in mind that women are important every single day. We wouldn’t be here walking on campus if it weren’t for them,” said one of the speakers, Karina Cespedes, a lecturer from the women’s studies department.

“Respect the women in your life. Respect the women that sit next to you in class. Respect women,” she said while students applauded.

History shows that for centuries, women around the world have been fighting to gain respect. On March 8, 1857, a group of 15,000 women marched on the streets of New York City demanding equality and an end to discrimination. The date eventually became International Women’s Day. March was later recognized by the U.S. Congress as National Women’s History Month.

Even though they celebrate women’s achievements every year, some students still think that discrimination against women is not a done battle, even here at SF State, a place considered by many to be very liberal.

“SF State is supposedly a lot more liberal than other campuses but I feel there is still a gap between men and women here. Every single one of my professors this semester is a male," said Carissa Cabrera, co-director of SF State’s Feminist Majority Leadership Alliance and an art major.

At SF State, where 61 percent of the students are females, only 43 percent of the total faculty members are women. Of the ten colleges in the university, only the College of Extended Learning has a female dean. And the university’s Board of Supervisors, composed of 21 people, has only six female members.

However, there is a good sign -- one of the six women on the board is the university’s vice-chair.

“When I took the position of vice-chair there were only two or three women on the Board,” said SF State’s Vice-Chair Jo Volkert. “But I think progress is being made. PhD’s are the training grounds of leadership positions. And as women have become more educated they have been taking higher levels of responsibility and they’ve been proving they can handle these roles.”

Since 1979, women have constituted the majority of college students in America. At SF State, the number of female graduate students is almost twice as many as the number of males.

“Women are continuing to move toward equity. Maybe it’s happening a little slow, but it is going in the right direction,” said Volkert.

Women at SF State are also entering professions that 10 years ago were predominantly held by men. In 1994, only 33 percent of students who received a bachelor's in the College of Science and Engineering were females. By 2002, that number went up to 50 percent.

However, according to a 2002 U.S. Census Report, “the majority of women in U.S. are still in ‘traditional female’ occupations,” like the food and service industry. But again SF State is an example of how this issue is improving. When Xpress looked at three of the restaurants in the student center, they found that in all three restaurants the number of staff was balanced in terms of gender -- half women, half men.

“I think SF State is pretty balanced. I’ve been to other campuses and there’s a big gap between men and women there,” said Leslie Seacrist, one of SF State’s Feminist Majority Leadership Alliance co-directors.

“Not only on campus, but overall, the women’s role in society has advanced. They have evolved in the work place and they have gained more freedom to speak their minds, said Laura Kobeold, a liberal studies junior. “It has certainly improved, but it hasn’t completely gotten where it is supposed to get.”

According to a Gallup poll conducted in October 2003, a majority of women in the country do not believe women have job opportunities that are equal to those that men have. Also, a majority of them say they have experienced what they consider to be gender-based discrimination in public life or employment.

"I’ve never felt gender discrimination on campus, but I feel it a lot when I’m at work," said Gaby Lopez, an industrial organization major who works as a supervisor at an insurance company. “When I have to talk firm with one of the men there they just don’t like it. I can tell by their tone when they answer me.”

Tax Help is on the Way!

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Students who have a mini-stroke at the thought of filing their taxes can stop by the accounting lab, room 202 in the Science Building and get help for free.

From now until April 15, volunteer accounting students will be available, Monday through Thursday from 3 p.m to 7 p.m.

The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance, or VITA, is sponsored by the Internal Revenue Service and aims to help low-income people prepare taxes accurately. The program trains SF State students to be certified in tax preparation. Students are taught numerous tax laws and tax-service software during a 32- hour- training session. The program aims to teach students how to build communication skills.

Volunteers can assist in English, Cantonese, Korean and Spanish.

Gary Gee, coordinator of the program at SF State, says it is not just for students, but for all low-income people.

“I have seen more people from the general public than from SF State,” Gee said. He said that as the tax deadline nears, more students will start flowing into the lab.

Senior, accounting volunteer, Nancy Rivard, said 75 percent of people coming in are from outside the university. On average, Rivard said, about a dozen people visit the center per day.

Student volunteers learn valuable lessons through VITA, which enables them to have an advantage in the accounting job market. There are 20 volunteers who are available during the week.

“I get a chance to practice what I’ll be doing after graduation,” said Vivian Pan, an accounting major. She hopes to be more marketable when she leaves SF State.

According to Gee, who received his bachelor's in accounting at SF State, the work is valuable for students who are not sure if they really enjoy accounting.

“The opportunity is a benefit to the accounting students on campus because it allows them to experience what is really is like to be in the field.”

“I thought it was a good situation for me,” said Sung-Yeon Jou, 19, an accounting major. “Since I don’t have an internship, I can learn by helping others prepare their taxes.”

Jou said that as a low-income person herself, this is her way to assist the elderly community and the public.

Elisa Overholt, who studies acupuncture off campus, came to the center after she called the IRS for assistance. They informed her of the program and since she lives in the neighborhood, decided it was the most convenient way to file.

"Last year I didn't file so I was confused on what I needed to claim independent ," Overholt said. "The people here have been very helpful and friendly so I'm definately coming back next year."

Senior Lulin Lee, an accounting volunteer, said that helping people prepare their taxes is the best way to help her family during tax season.

"Not only is this the first step in pursuing my education goal, but I also get to help out the people I love," Lee said.

A copy of a social security card, W2 forms and 1099 benefit statements will be needed in order to file the tax forms online.

Student Faces Expulsion

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“This is my country and you should go home,” said Tatiana Menaker, a Jewish student, during the Israeli peace demonstration in May 2002. “This is my school, and you should go,” replied Tarek Alnaimi, a Palestinian supporter, who was also at the same rally.

Nearly two years later, Alnaimi’s words could become a reality.

"Threatening" Behavior

On March 15, Menaker, a 55-year-old creative writing student, could be expelled after she threatened a judicial affairs officer and was suspended for two weeks.

“This situation is so disgusting in my opinion,” Menaker said. “It’s a huge psychological trauma.”

On Feb. 23, Menaker met with Donna Cunningham, a judicial affairs officer, to discuss a verbal altercation between Menaker and another Palestinian student, Leila Qutami.

During the meeting, Menaker began to speak without letting Cunningham speak, raising her voice, yelling, pointing her finger, and standing up in her seat across from Cunningham’s desk, according to the police report.

Menaker waved a stack of fliers, entitled “End US Occupation in Palestine and Iraq,” in Cunningham’s face, a police report said. Menaker did this, she said in the interview with Xpress, because she felt that these flyers were “littering” campus with pro-socialist propaganda and the university doesn’t do anything about it. At this point, Cunningham felt threatened and activated the panic alarm, the UPD police report said.

Three University Police officers escorted her off of campus.
A closed disciplinary hearing is scheduled for March 15.

“She is anti-socialist," said Aleksandra Fliegler, Menaker’s friend. “I don’t think she poses any threat to anybody.”

Menaker emigrated to the United States in 1996 with $90 in her pocket and two children by her side. She built a Bay Area tour guide business and bought a three-story house in San Francisco. A former journalist from Russia, she enrolled in SF State to study English. She’s written several articles for Front Page magazine, an online publication, and many letters to Xpress, expressing her anti-socialist views. Hundreds of readers have sent her letters of support.

“She is very vocal person, said Seth Brysk, executive director of Hillel, an organization of Jewish students in San Francisco. “She has no problem expressing her opinion.”

Until the May 2002 rally, Menaker said she had never been arrested or accused of racism.

“I never insult people on the basis of color,” she said. “I was a refugee. I’m very sensitive about that. I’m not racist.”

The 2002 Israeli-Palestinian Rally
Ingrained in the memories of many on campus is a May 2002 rally where a clash of Israeli and Palestinian viewpoints culminated in an exchange of angry words and hate speech. The university-wide campaign, “Love is stronger than hate,” stemmed from this event.

During this rally, Menaker offended several, four of whom filed police reports with the UPD.

For Menaker, this was the root of her troubles. She was involved in nine verbal altercations and disturbing the peace incidents in the last two years, all from the same group of people, Menaker said.

During the police investigation, Menaker admitted to saying offensive words to the pro-Palestinian counter-demonstrators. She was charged with two counts of disturbing the peace and using indecent language, and had to do 40 hours of community service.

Menaker told police that pro-Palestinian demonstrators were screaming “Hitler didn’t finish his job,” and “Zionists out of the country” during this rally.
“When I see people who say they want my people dead, then I take insult,” Menaker told UPD officials.

Menaker retaliated. While her words differed from person to person, all reported that Menaker insulted them and that they felt threatened.
In one case, Menaker walked up to demonstrator May Shqair, 23, and, later Shqair told officers that Menaker “got in her face” and said “Sharmoota."

In Arabic, 'Sharmoota' means 'bitch.'

According to the police report, Menaker said she had recently learned the word and that she “hoped that she said it the right way.” Additionally, police record shows that Menaker also insulted Leila Qutami, 21, during this rally by calling her an “Arab bitch." Qutami later filed a police report.

While Qutami’s report did not result in the two charges with which Menaker was charged, Menaker carries a grudge against her and others involved.
“She did her dirty deed,” said Menaker. “She ruined 15 – 16 months of my life."

Menaker expressed anger towards Qutami because Qutami did not show up to the 2002 disciplinary hearing.

“This is the person who falsely accuses me, then runs away,” Menaker said of Qutami. “The person didn’t have the guts to testify. I am a 55-year-old woman. What harm can I do?”

According to the police report, Qutami chose not to attend the disciplinary hearing.

On Feb. 11, 2004, Menaker saw Qutami at a voter registration table set up in Malcolm X Plaza and walked up to her.

“Are you Leila Qutami?” Menaker reportedly asked Qutami, in what the police report described as a “menacing” way.

Qutami said yes.

“Then you’re the one who framed me,” the police records report Menaker said.
Qutami believed this statement referred to Menaker’s 2002 disciplinary hearing.

While Menaker said she only called Qutami a “liar” and and a “coward,” Qutami reported to officers that she said a lot more.

Qutami said she felt singled out and did not wish to have a confrontation with Menaker, a woman she believed was capable of violence due to her vocal opinions about Arab peoples.

Qutami walked around the plaza and quad area. Menaker followed her. Menaker then re-approached Qutami and said, “I am not finished with you,” according to the police report.

Qutami told police that she felt frustrated that Menaker had singled her out for something she was not responsible for and asked Menaker what she wanted her to do about it.

“Get out of this country. You and your friends. Go lick Saddam’s ass,” Menaker replied, according to police records.

Frightened, Qutami slipped in to a crowd of people and walked away. Fearing retaliation and media coverage, Qutami declined to file a police report.

According to Christina Holmes, of the SF State public affairs office, Menaker is being disciplined for her “disruptive behavior," not her views or writings.

“She was causing the disturbance during her disciplinary hearing,” Holmes said. “She got angry. She stood up leaning over the desk. The administrator asked her to calm down and sit down but she refused.”

Menaker questioned why she should be prosecuted for telling someone to “go fuck your camel” and calling another woman a “sharmoota,” when students cuss and swear all the time. Menaker compared the behavior of the students who filed police reports to tattle-talers in kindergarten.

“I’m angry,” Menaker said. “(Cunningham, the judicial affairs officer) ruined 16 months of my life. She became an instrument of political revenge.”

San Francisco police said an apparently gang-related altercation near Ocean Beach this afternoon has claimed one life and injured another person, but at this point it is not clear what weapons were used.

The 3 p.m. call to the Beach Chalet, at 1000 Great Highway, started as a report of shots fired, according to police spokesman Dewayne Tully. But he said that while it is clear that many shots were fired during the confrontation, a knife or other weapon might also have been used on one or both victims.

Both the dead person and the wounded victim, who was transported to San Francisco General Hospital, are male, Tully said.

He added that officers at the scene have detained two people for questioning, but neither has been arrested. Police had said earlier that one person had been taken into custody as a suspect.

A soul food restaurant and a faculty task force to promote the hiring of professors of color are the first steps SF State is taking to address student concerns from "Summit on Race and Culture" meeting in the fall.

Speaking to about 40 faculty members at the Academic Senate meeting, Kenneth Monteiro, dean of human relations, reported on the progress that has been made since the summit.

“A map has been produced and now is the time to get various departments on campus involved in implementation of the goals talked about at the summit,” Monteiro said.

Among the goals set at the meeting, which was attended by 400 students, staff and faculty members, was to improve outreach and retention of faculty, staff and students of color.

Conducting business in several different languages and providing fairness in the classroom were other goals in the report.

“It is false to say that these are new issues,” Monteiro said. “We are at the beginning stages of actual implementation.”

Monteiro said that although the summit got many students and faculty excited, it was now time to do something productive, such as set up committees to address issues of classroom conduct and to promote the cultural awareness of the diverse student population.

In order to achieve this goal, “ ethnic, cultural and social diversity workshops will be presented for each new faculty member, staff member or administrator during their orientation period,” suggested the report.

The next step for Monteiro's office is to set educate adminstration officials and faculty on how to achieve tangible results.

“The summit was a sexy idea, but it is the day-to-day work that is important here,” Monteiro said. “Real sustainable change is done in the trenches.”

He said that he would like to see a more diverse faculty hired to match the increasing minority population in California.

“Are we hiring enough African-American and Latino professors with PH.D.s ?” Monteiro asked.

The report also said that an African-American themed restaurant is in the works and that the idea is sparking the interest of outside vendors.

The Fee Advisory Committee will certify close to 8,600 votes Wednesday, opening the door for President Robert Corrigan and California State University Chancellor Charles Reed to make their decisions about the four proposed fee hikes.

Students flooded the polling stations at SF State last week and approved three of four fee increases, casting a record number of votes—four times that of previous elections.

Proposals for the academic instructional fee, career center and student health services each received at least a 60 percent approval. But students shot down the athletics and intramurals proposal, knocking off what would have been $33 more each semester for students to pay.

While the two proposed fees will maintain career center and student health services, the third prevents a major cut in classes. None of the results are solidified, as the referendum was a non-binding, advisory vote only meant to measure campus opinion on the proposals. But the final decision lies with Corrigan and Reed who can accept or overturn the students' decision.

The athletics department would not comment and referred all queries to the Office of Public Affairs, which released the unofficial results of the March 2 and 3 elections on Monday.

“It wasn't a rousing defeat, it was a narrow defeat,” said Christina Holmes, interim director of public affairs, of the 233 votes by which the proposal was defeated. “Students were very mature in their voting, and there is a lot to consider.”

She said she still is pleased with the student's decision and that the cuts in athletics are still pending because Corrigan and Reed have yet to accept or reject the decision.

The athletic proposal asked for $32 for athletics and $1 for intramurals to maintain a level of services that include student jobs, membership in the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the California Collegiate Athletic Association.

The referendum’s failure means that athletics could be forced to eliminate half the teams, student-athletes and staff because next semester the program will lose its funding from the University General Fund to pad SF State’s $2.9 million budget shortfall.

Marie Schafle, interim director of student health services, is confident the Health Services fee will go through because Corrigan continuously has shown support for the referendum. She commends students for making the difficult decision to tax themselves to continue the same level of health services.

“In a time when community health resources are dwindling and more than half of our students are uninsured, we feel that the students made a very mature and prudent choice,” Schafle said. “We will do our utmost to serve them in the best way that we can.”

If Corrigan and Reed agree with the outcome of the elections, students will pay $103 more each semester in campus-based fees.

“I am proud that so significant a number of students voiced their opinions by voting in the fee referendum, and I applaud their willingness to make some very difficult choices. Nearly three-quarters of those who voted chose higher fees to protect their higher education. It is one of the most remarkable, responsible and courageous student acts I’ve witnessed as an educator,” Corrigan said in a news release.

On a hot and muggy Tuesday, SF State Police and San Francisco Animal Control saved a Dalmatian locked in a silver Mitsubishi Eclipse for several hours outside Mary Ward Hall.

The dog was left inside the car for at least seven hours, even after SF State police confiscated the keys to the car, which were hanging from the driver's side door.

SF State groundskeeper Anthony McGwuire first noticed the dog at around 7 a.m. “I was walking down Font Boulevard when I heard a bark from one of the cars, I looked in and saw that there was a dog inside with the windows rolled up,” he said.

McGwuire said he did not call the police right away because he thought that the owner would return. “After a hour of being out there it was getting pretty hot, so I thought the best thing to do would be to tell my boss.”

SF State police either were not called or did not respond to the scene immediately. At 9:26 a.m. SF State Parking and Transportation Officer Rosario Sotomayor arrived at the scene because the car was parked illegally. “As I was issuing the car a citation I noticed that there was a dog inside, so I called campus police.“

With the help of an SF State officer, Sotomayor pried open the sunroof of the coupe and fed a garden hose inside to give the dog some water, but because of concerns for property damage to the car the hose was taken out.

SF State Police also found that the keys to the car were left in the driver's side door. The car keys were confiscated and a note was left for the owner.

“After that I drove by at least nine or 10 times throughout the day, but nobody had come to rescue the dog,” Sotomayor said.

At around 12 p.m. several SF State residential hall employees noticed the dog and called Animal Control, which responded to the scene at 1:20 p.m.

“I came a little after 1 p.m. and looked through the window and I noticed that the dog had stopped barking, which was worrisome,” said animal control officer Eleanor Sadler. Since Sadler could not get into the car, she along with several resident hall employees put wet towels on the back windows in order to cool the temperature inside the car.

“It can get up to a hundred degrees in a car on a hot day and unlike humans, dogs can’t perspire except through their tongue and palms of their feet,” said Sadler.

Several bystanders, along with the animal control officer, were considering breaking the car windows in order to rescue the dog. But before any action was taken, SF State Police officers showed up at 2:26 p.m. with the keys to the car and the dog was rescued peacefully.

Sadler immediately gave the dog water and checked it for dehydration. The dog was taken under custody by animal control and the owner would be given up to five days to reclaim the dog. But if the owner does reclaim the dog, that person will face hefty fines.

“Whoever owns this dog is going to be fined for animal cruelty, mistreatment and anything else that I can slap on them,” Sadler said.

The SF State campus flourished with activity today as students took time in between classes to enjoy the warm California sunshine.

Some students chose to keep working and thought about what they would rather be doing while others ditched their books and went out to play. And more sunny days are expected.

According to meteorology student Eric Gose: “The high pressure ridge over the Eastern Pacific is giving us the clear skies and warm weather … It should stay there consistently for the next five to seven days -- that’s if nothing drastic happens to it.”

Monday’s temperature of 82 degrees in San Francisco broke the 112-year-old record. Students Carrie Osterhout and Elinor Lumbang said they took advantage of the record-setting day by taking a trip down to the ruins of the Sutro Bathhouse.

“We were studying earlier today, but it was too beautiful outside, and we couldn’t focus,” Lumbang added.

As the temperatures hit the low 70s today and students appeared to be spending more time outside than in their non-air-conditioned classrooms, there were three students stuck in the muggy sub-basement of the campus bookstore.

While people were peeling off their clothing outside, Ben Dejesus, Sandeep Mukhedkar and Tomoko Morioka were peeling the labels off old boxes to prepare them for the shipping of unused textbooks, which will be sent back to the publishing companies.

Mukhedkar, 27, said if he wasn’t working today most likely he would have taken a ride on his motorcycle down Highway 1 or up to Redwood City, while Dejesus, 21, would have liked to have gone to Vallejo to play a couple of rounds of paintball. He said although it would be a little hot, the lack of mud would have been welcomed.

Morioka, who got off at 3 p.m., said, “I think I am going to Irving this evening to sell some clothes … and get a Jamba juice.”

Luckily for these three clerks the Shipping and Receiving department is closed on weekends, so if the weather holds as predicted they will have plenty of time to enjoy the warm blue skies.

A group of mostly women gathered around Malcolm X Plaza Monday night, with candles in one hand and whistles and noisemakers in the other, to “Take Back the Night.”

The purpose of the march, coordinated by SF State’s Sexual Abuse Free Environment (S.A.F.E.) Place, was to help empower and educate people about violence against women.

“Most women are too afraid to go out at night," said Nina Jo Smith, coordinator at S.A.F.E. Place. "This is a way of getting a whole lot of people together and go out and take back the night ... being loud and really present and visible as women at night.”

The first “Take Back the Night” march in the United States can be traced back to San Francisco in 1978. But the rapes and murders of 43 women in the Green River area outside Seattle, Wash., refocused attention on the march more than 20 years ago.

Ginger Martin, the evening’s guest speaker from the Haight Ashbury Free Clinic, attended one of the first marches in Seattle with 150 people to stand up against violence and to remember a high school friend who was a victim in the Green River murders.

“We basically took over the streets shouting. No one was going to tell us where we were going to be or how we were going to be,” said Martin of the Seattle march. “It was a united group of women who got together to be inclusive and support one another in the right to say no and to take back their life.”

Cheers and whistles erupted as Martin yelled and urged everyone at the conclusion of her speech: “Take back the night! Take back the night! Take back the night!"

The event served as an outlet for people to go out, be united and express their thoughts and feelings.

“Being a woman, it really hit home. I have friends who have been involved in domestic violence and even rape, so it’s very personal. It’s something that I can relate to,” said Rowena Fontanos, 20, majoring in social work.

Sexual assault pertains to all people, regardless of gender. According to Martin, everyone is susceptible to rape. It is an assault based on power and control.

“As a male, I feel safer than a woman would. It’s a male privilege, one that I haven’t been conscious of until recently,” says S.A.F.E. Place intern John Aquino, a graduate student in counseling.

The S.A.F.E. Place promotes awareness of all types of violence, whether it is sexual assault or domestic violence against women or men.

“We’re going to keep doing it until the word gets out, just to protect ourselves and everyone around us and to make the campus safe for everyone,” says Radhika Bajaria, 22, a psychology major.

» S.A.F.E. Place provides many resources, such as counseling, prevention and referrals to outside agencies for further assistance. It's located in the Student Services Building, Room 205. All cases will be held private and confidential. (415) 338-2819

Students gave the OK for three fee increases. But they shot down the athletics and intramurals proposal in last week’s referendum ballot, knocking off what would have been $33 more each semester for students to pay.

The proposal asked for $32 for athletics and $1 for intramurals to maintain a level of services that include student jobs, membership in the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the California Collegiate Athletic Association and compliance to gender equity laws under Title IX.

The referendum’s failure means that athletics could be forced to eliminate half the teams, student-athletes and staff because next semester the program will lose its funding from the University General Fund to pad SF State’s $2.9 million budget shortfall.

The athletics department would not comment and referred all queries to the Office of Public Information, which released the unofficial results of the March 2 and 3 elections today.

But not all news was bad for the other three auxiliaries seeking fee hikes; Proposals for the academic instructional fee, career center and student health services each received at least a 60 percent approval.

If President Robert Corrigan and Chancellor Charles Reed agree with the outcome of the elections, students will pay $103 more each semester in campus-based fees.

A third of the student body, or 8,558 people, voted in the elections, which is four times more than the turnout for regular student elections.

“I am proud that so significant a number of students voiced their opinions by voting in the fee referendum, and I applaud their willingness to make some very difficult choices. Nearly three-quarters of those who voted chose higher fees to protect their higher education. It is one of the most remarkable, responsible and courageous student acts I’ve witnessed as an educator,” said President Robert Corrigan in a news release.

The Fee Advisory Committee will certify the votes on Wednesday, opening the door for Corrigan and Reed to make their decisions.

Burnt popcorn and hot shower steam are two unlikely culprits that are eating away at the credibility of campus alarms.

There are between 40-50 fire alarms per month on campus, 75 percent of which are from campus residences, said Sergeant Jennifer Schwartz of the University Police Department (UPD). Of these, almost all are triggered by burnt food or shower steam.

“Burned popcorn is the biggest culprit,” said David Rourke, associate director of residential life, Mary Ward and Mary Park Halls.

In these residence halls, smoke from burnt food often trips both smoke detectors and fire alarms, requiring evacuation. Some say that because residents are only allowed to cook in a microwave, as well as their inattention to the cooking, food contributes to these false alarms.

“Pay attention,” Rourke said. “Many times residents will cook something in their microwave and because there is no direct heating source, they believe they can leave the microwave unattended while it cooks. With approximately five false alarms per semester, obviously this is not always true.”

“It’s really annoying. I don’t like being evacuated for no reason at all,” said Karen Grasberger, 18.

While the state-regulated sensitivity of smoke detectors is designed to save lives, the recurring alarms cause what could be called a “boy who cried wolf” phenomena.

In one week, Mary Ward Hall resident Leteigra Cahill estimated the alarms sounded five times.

"In the beginning of the week everyone evacuated," said Cahill 18. "But by the end everyone stopped paying attention to them. Pretty much nobody evacuated."

Residents in the Village at Centennial Square face a similar, though not as extreme, situation. While smoke detectors are often triggered, requiring the UPD to respond and deactivate the smoke detector, evacuation isn’t as common.

Yet this sensitivity has some residents fuming.

“It’s ridiculous how sensitive they are,” said Leah Baird, 21.

Baird, a Village at Centennial Square resident, accidentally set off a smoke detector while enjoying a hot shower in her apartment. The steam triggered the ear-piercing alarm, and a soaking-wet Baird had to evacuate the apartment until UPD arrived.

“Thankfully the campus police came fairly soon, so we didn’t have to wait too long,” Baird said.

Average UPD response time is less than three minutes, Schwartz said, adding that each of these calls takes the officers about 20 minutes.

By law, each apartment must have a smoke detector inside, and SF State officials can not regulate the reactivity of these alarms. “We have no control over the sensitivity of the smoke detectors and must treat all alarms the same,” Schwartz said.

Stan Prather, community director for the Village at Centennial Square and who also lives on-campus, said that he’s heard some grievances about the sensitivity of these smoke detectors, but not a lot.

“A lot of students ask us if they can take (the detectors) down,” Prather said, adding that his answer is always no.

While dismantling the detectors is illegal, Schwartz offers advice.

“We do wish that residents would realize how sensitive the smoke detectors are and take measures to prevent smoky conditions while cooking such as opening windows or utilizing the stove fan,” Schwartz said. “Our response to a fire alarm due to forgotten popcorn in the microwave may endanger someone else's life if we're not available to respond to their emergency simultaneously.”

Cups of Joe on the Cheap

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When it comes to coffee on campus, students, as true deal hunters, search for coffee that is cheap but good and fast.

Xpress measured coffee cup sizes around campus and checked the prices of seven cafes to find where the best coffee deal is.

After conducting a scientific experiment comparing coffee cup sizes and prices, Xpress found that the cheapest coffee is at Bark ‘N’ Bun café, located in front of the Fine Arts building. They brew Starbucks coffee and use Starbucks cups, but charge far less. Their large cup, which fits about 2.3 regular cups (600 ml), is only $1.45.

The same size cup of house coffee will cost you $1.65 in Starbucks at Stonestown. Café 101 in the Student Center charges about the same for their coffee, but some of their cups are slightly smaller. Café Rosso, the HSS building Café, and Café Taza Smoothies and Wraps sell small cups of house coffee for 80 cents. But it is the smallest cup on campus as it barely fits one standard measuring cup (250 ml) without spilling. There is free coffee at the DC (The Dining Center in the Village), but it is only available for students on the meal plan and cannot be carried out of the dining area.

Students say coffee is a “necessity” on campus because it warms you up on a cold day and it picks you up in a boring class.

“The caffeine is awesome,” said Jon Jelenko, 19, a freshman at SF State. He drinks coffee every other day and prefers Café Rosso, because “it has a lot of variety.”

Lora Lichtenberger, 18, also a freshman, said she needs coffee after a whole day of walking back and forth to classes and partying at night. “It works,” she said.

Lichtenberger and Jelenko both are regular coffee drinkers and consider coffee on campus to be “pretty good.”

“I’m tired all the time,” complained Miles Mullin, 21, a SF State junior majoring in jazz music. “I don’t get enough sleep. Sometimes teacher’s lectures are boring and they put me to sleep. I need caffeine in my system to keep me up.” But Mullin thinks the coffee is still overpriced and said the quality could be better.

“I have a problem with the house coffee,” said Miguel Barbosa, 23, a senior majoring in visual communication. “The taste is a cheap quality, I think. I like coffee but not here."

“Coffee, coffee, it’s all the same thing,” said Hernan Oicata, 23, another senior who's majoring in Raza Studies. “It doesn’t really matter. They all have the same taste,” said Oicata referring to coffee on campus.

Oicata emphasized the importance of location as a big factor in selecting a café. He always gets his shot of caffeine by the Fine Arts building because “it is on the way to class.”

Junior Cortez, 16, who works at the Bark’N’Bun café, said that the small sized house coffee is the most popular choice among students. Bark’N'Bun, which turned out to be the cheapest coffee on campus with the biggest cups, sells about a couple of hundred cups a day, Cortez estimated. Their busiest time is around noon, he added.

The debate on whether same-sex marriage breaks the law or upholds the constitution has been fired up across the nation since Mayor Gavin Newsom made changes to San Francisco marriage regulations.

Since Feb. 12, more than 3,400 marriage licenses have been issued to same-sex couples in San Francisco.

Gov. Schwarzenegger has ordered General Attorney Bill Lockyer to “take immediate steps” to stop the weddings, and President Bush has endorsed a constitutional amendment that would make same-sex marriages illegal through out the country.

However, two Superior Court judges have denied requests by conservative groups to issue a temporary restraining order to stop the city from issuing marriage licenses to gay couples.

These groups include two private organizations that have filed Superior Court suits against the city charging that gay marriage violates the California Family Code. The code includes Proposition 22, which states “only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California," andwas passed in 2000 with 61 percent of votes.

In response, City Attorney Dennis Herrera on Feb. 19 filed a suit against the state, declaring that such provision violates California Constitution’s guarantee of equal protection.

According to CNN’s reports, San Francisco Superior Court Judge Ronald Quidachay said the city's lawsuit against California and the other two suits against the city would be combined into one case. The next hearing is scheduled for March 29.

That will only determine whether the court will issue a temporary restraining order to stop the marriage licenses from being issued, said Mark Yates, a faculty member for SF State’s paralegal program. But eventually the Supreme Court will have to rule whether banning gay marriage is unconstitutional, he said.

“We are looking forward to the end of the delays so the people can have their day in court for a full hearing on the merits of our lawsuit. I have no doubt that the court can read the laws on marriage, even if the mayor acts like he can’t,” said Randy Thomasson, executive director of Campaign For California Families -- also the plaintiff in one of the lawsuits filed against the city -- as noted in the organizations Web site.

"The attorney general has assured me that he will vigorously defend the constitutionality of the law in the case brought against the state by San Francisco," said Mayor Newsom in a statement on Feb. 20.

Lockyer, a potential rival to Schwarzenegger in the 2006 election, said he would let the Supreme Court decide whether issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples violates the law or not. However, he requested the high court on Friday to immediately stop the weddings and cancel all the marriage licenses that had been issued to same-sex couples.

While the court denied his request, it gave the city until March 5 to file a response.

“The Supreme Court is going to look at what the (California) constitution actually says and how it has been interpreted in previous cases,” said Mark Yates.

The California Constitution states that an individual may not be “denied equal protection of laws.” Based on that, the California Supreme Court was the first in the country, in 1948, to invalidate the ban on interracial marriage, declaring it unconstitutional. However, “because of the conservative nature of the court my personal guess – not my legal opinion – is that they will not invalidate it this time. But it’s too early to guess. We have to wait and see what happens,” said Yates.

“I think they (the court) will decide that gay marriage should be legal because history tends to repeat itself. Who would have thought sixty years ago that blacks would have equal rights,” said Mike Sevik, an English major. “I know there is a big difference in talking about marriage rights and the right to sit on a bus with a person of a different color, but still, they are both civil rights. But I don’t agree with gay marriage being legal. I think there should be a different kind of union, maybe a legal partnership, a civil union, just something different than the conventional marriage."

“I would never compare it (the gay marriage issue) to the civil rights movement or to what blacks have had to face, but I do think it is a civil right. Marriage is a civil action,” said Velia Garcia, chair and associate professor of SF State’s Raza Studies department. "A country that prides itself on freedom is so quick to try to limit freedom on people that they don’t agree with.”

“I think this is denying people’s right and that’s not fair. That’s the whole backing behind Newsom’s arguments,” said Erin Figueroa, a speech communications senior, who said one day she will marry her girlfriend regardless if it’s legal or not. “But I don’t think the marriages will continue. I think it’s going to stop for right now because Bush is stepping in and he certainly won’t let it go."

Domestic Partnership

While some people suggest a second option for same-sex couples like a “legal partnership” or a “civil union," many are not completely clear on the rights granted by these acts.

In 2003, former Gov. Davis signed the California Domestic Partner Rights and Responsibilities act that will become effective on Jan. 1, 2005. According to the National Center for Lesbian Rights, the “domestic partners” will then receive some of the rights and benefits granted to married spouses, including decision-making authority for funeral arrangements, community property, custody of provisions and child-support obligations, access to divorce court, and death benefits.

Vermont is currently the only state in the U.S. that allows civil unions. On the other hand, domestic partnerships are recognized by a dozen of cities and several states. However, being in a domestic partnership or a civil union does not confer any of the 1,049 rights and responsibilities given to heterosexual spouses under federal law, including social security and immigration benefits, joint filing of federal taxes and many others.

“If gay people want to get married they should get married,” said psychology Professor Norma McCoy. “If they can’t let them get married they could create some other way in which they can bind to each other, even if you have to call it something different, but it ought to have all the benefits there are attached to marriage.”

Campus Crime

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Tuesday, Feb. 24

Racist graffiti was found written in the Administration Building. At this time, there are no suspects or witnesses, a UPD official said.

A student was transported to the Student Health Center after she fainted during her class, located in the Humanities Building.

A female student was followed into the Student Health Center by a man. The man, wearing a black baseball cap, glasses and a brown jacket began asking questions about her at the front desk then left before officers arrived.

A staff member was transported to San Francisco General Hospital after experiencing chest pains.

Racist graffiti was found in an elevator in the Fine Arts Building.

Wednesday, Feb. 25

A 21-year-old student was transported to SFGH, after she dislocated her knee on the shuttle bus.

11:17 p.m. POSSESSION
A female student was cited and released on suspicion of possessing marijuana near Mary Ward Hall.

Thursday, Feb. 26

11:47 a.m. AUTO BURGLARY
A student’s vehicle was broken into while parked on Brotherhood Way. Loss: $655.

A woman reported that a person was following her roommate, near the Student Services Building.

A staff member’s vehicle was broken into while it was parked in Lot 19. Loss: $170.

A student reported being followed by a known person. The student, who was followed to Thornton Hall, has been followed by this person before and wanted to file a police report.

Friday, Feb. 27

Jennifer Goria, 19, was cited and released on suspicion of possessing alcohol at the Village at Centennial Square.

11:17 a.m. GRAND THEFT
A student’s bike, secured in front of the J. Paul Leonard Library, was stolen. Loss: $430.

A black Honda Civic was reported stolen from where it was parked in Lot 20. Officers could not locate the car.

A silver “Dyno” bike was booked into the UPD after it was found near the planters in front of the entrance to Mary Ward Hall.

Saturday, Feb. 28

Kimberly Michelmore, 18, was booked into county jail after officers saw her, along with a group of people, standing near the intersection of Holloway Avenue and Tapia Drive.

Anjallee Beverly, 19, was booked into county jail after she and another Mary Park Hall resident got into a physical altercation. Officials said that Beverly threatened the other person with a knife, found nearby.

2:05 a.m. VANDALISM
A glass panel and a wall-mounted paper holder in Mary Park Hall was broken after an unidentified male got into a dispute with a woman.

8:03 p.m. PETTY THEFT
A resident’s wallet was stolen from Mary Park Hall. Loss: $300.

By winning the ticket as the Democratic presidential nominee this past Tuesday, Senator John Kerry has proven that there’s something good going for him. SF State students said that “something” is about getting Bush out of office, at all costs.

According to a recent article by The San Francisco Chronicle, “Kerry won the Democratic ticket due to a diverse range of voters angry about President Bush’s policies, eager for a candidate that can oust him.” In fact, 8 out of 10 voters in California expressed “anger and dissatisfaction at the Bush administration, adding that “the quality that they wanted most in a candidate was the ability to beat Bush in the November election.”

Cheryl Willis, 57, said: “It is important that all Democrats unite together to elect Kerry, so that we can finally be rid of Bush.” Willis, who is currently working toward her teaching credential at SF State added, “But more importantly, Kerry is a man of principles; I admired him when he fought against the (current) war in Iraq."

Ellen Wall, an English graduate student at SF State, said that she “really wants to get rid of Bush.” Arguing that we need to focus on creating an educational system that will be affordable to all, and improving relations with the U.N, Wall argues that Bush’s strategy of militancy must be stopped. “And I think that Kerry can do that,” she said.

According to his Web site,, Kerry will focus his political platform on improving education, the country's relations with foreign countries -- by “undoubted military might based on enlightened self-interest, not the zero sum logic of power politics” -- and creating a health care system that will be affordable to all Americans.

According to his We bsite, Kerry will carry out his plan by putting a stop to the tax breaks and the flat tax rate that Bush implemented in the past four years of his presidency. Americans will again be paying taxes on a sliding scale, which will hopefully, in turn, create a healthier American economy that will carry out Kerry’s ambitions.

Frank Moakley, director of SF State's Audio Visual Television Center, said: "This presidential race will not be good for baby Georgie boy. Aside from the fact that Kerry can talk without falling over, he can think for himself and is very open-minded.”

Moakley -- who, like Kerry, is both Catholic and originally from Massachusetts -- argued that Kerry “is willing to re- examine his position on any given issue, if new information comes through.”

SF State cinema major, Alex Minas, 21 said, “I voted for Kerry despite his views on homosexual marriage. Between him and Bush, Kerry is the lesser of the two evils."

Similarly, 20 year-old Travis Jones, who has yet to declare his major, said that he voted for Kerry “to spite Bush.”

While there seems to be an overwhelming majority of students on campus who have their confidence in Kerry, there are a few scratching their heads.

“I’m convinced that Bush will win,” said 27 year-old comparative religion major, Abel Grebenik.

Arguing that Kerry has changed his position too many times on too many different subjects, Grebenik said that he doubts if Kerry is truly against the gay community.

“Kerry compromises too much in order to get the approval ratings that he wants,” said Grebenik.

Faculty and administrators butted heads over the ongoing budget struggle at the first of two town hall meetings at McKenna Theatre March 3.

While the administration called the gathering to acquaint students and staff with the issues concerning the budget and to hear suggestions on how SF State can cut a remaining $2.9 million shortfall, much of the faculty was looking for clear answers concerning their future at the university.

“I don’t know why we’re laughing,” SF State President Robert Corrigan said. “There are very few institutions that have had to deal with such a huge deficit.”

According to John Gemello, provost and vice president of academic affairs, a preliminary plan was drafted to encourage discussion.

That plan proposed a 17 percent cut in faculty while cuts in student enrollment remained at 5 percent, but college deans who Gemello did not name were unable to work with these drastic reductions.

Corrigan said the university could not keep making broad cuts across the board, and to make sure that SF State does not become mediocre, everyone would have to decide where to make, “a few cuts that are deep, narrow and focused.”

Lecturers and other non-tenured faculty and staff were worried that they would be the first to go once the new budget is decided.

When the focus of the meeting shifted from the stage to the audience for comment, some of the audience spoke out against the ambiguity of their future. One audience member called the cuts, “shocking and demoralizing,” and another said to Corrigan, “you don’t know me because I’m a lecturer.”

“Academic freedom: we don’t realize how important it is until we lose it,” Academic Senate Chair Jim Edwards said.

According to Edwards, SF State is in the middle of an emergency situation and tough choices have to be made.

But the presenters at McKenna Theatre remained optimistic that a compromise could be worked out with equal input from the faculty and administration.

While it is not known yet if students approved referendums suggesting fee increases or if the increases then will be allowed, the prospect that these hikes can pay for the remaining budget hole provided hope.

More than 7,000 students exercised their democratic rights on the first day of the referendum, and according to Provost John Gemello, it was the highest number of students to ever participate in something like this.

The administration was also pleased that Proposition 55 would help renovate the library, and Gemello suggested that SF State might have the funds to build a new Creative Arts building.

“I’m not announcing that now, but without 55 that wouldn’t have a chance,” Gemello said.

Investments or Frauds?

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For many SF State students, the proposition of making thousands of dollars a week in their spare time – not to mention in the comfort of their own homes – is an offer that’s hard to pass up.

But while flyers strewn throughout campus promising big rewards for little work may seem like the quickest fix for financial woes, students can only be sure of one thing -- money never comes easy.

“I don’t believe it,” said Junior Glen Lin, a civil engineering major. “If I could earn that much money per week, I wouldn’t go to school here. If it’s too good to be true, it probably is.”

Pat Wallace, president of the Oakland Better Business Bureau (BBB) agrees with Lin’s sentiments. “Most of the work-at-home offers that ask you for an up front fee are, I can tell you, 100 percent scams.” Wallace said the Oakland BBB often fields complaints about these types of companies in San Francisco, Alameda, Contra Costa and other Northern California counties.

According to Wallace, the BBB had more people inquiring about the legitimacy of work-at-home companies than any other issue.

The Federal Trade Commision warns interested parties from participating in schemes which require people to stuff envelopes or assemble crafts. While companies claim they will buy back the completed project, the work is never up to their quality standards and they refuse to pay for the product.

The FTC filed at least five claims with Bay Area companies in the last 11 years for defrauding people who answered work-at-home ads.

The Emeryville-based Rappaport Corporation, which advertises as Holiday Magic, settled a $40,000 claim in 1994 after it received complaints that people would pay for materials and assemble them, but the company bought back the finished product in only one percent of the cases.

Holiday Magic is still in operation and causing problems, according to Wallace.

In another case, encourages students to “take the first step towards achieving financial freedom,” but the student must first provide $32.95 to have access to a link that will instruct students how to get rich stuffing envelopes at home, listening to the radio, maintaining a Web page, shopping or reading email.

The site doesn’t provide the student with the name of the business or any information on what it sells, but the domain was registered to a Belmont, California group named American Services.

The administrative contact, Ed Anderson, did not return phone calls from the [X]press, and American Services is neither registered with the San Mateo County BBB nor does it have a business license in Belmont.

Several businesses recruiting work-at-home students at SF State are based throughout the country and ask that anyone interested to send their information and money to post office boxes in states like Arizona or Missouri.

While the prospect of getting a refund from a company based in California is possible and sometimes easy, according to Wallace, once commerce crosses borders, it becomes a federal issue and the prospect of getting any money back becomes more difficult.

But not all of the businesses that solicit on campus are selling scams.

For senior Niño Barredo, working for a commission-based company provided a chance to enter the competitive business world. In order to recruit new employees for his company, Excel Telecommunications, his advertisement appeared on bulletin boards throughout the SF State campus.

“I get one (SF State student) a day calling me. A lot of people that I talk to already have jobs, and I tell them right off that this is not a pyramid scheme. I meet up with them, give them a presentation and they decide from there,” said Barredo, a psychology major.

According to Barredo, there’s no way to “get rich quick.” The only way to be successful in a work-at-home atmosphere is by putting in the time and effort.

“There are some parties out there that take all these businesses as scams, but what we do is legitimate,” said Barredo.

Barredo stressed that what he does is not a regular job. Selling telecommunication packages is an entrepreneurial opportunity which requires an initial investment of $399, and many other commission-based businesses require their salespeople to front their own cash before they get started.

Proposition 55 narrowly passed Tuesday, granting the California State University system $690 million in bonds earmarked for renovation and construction.

The proposition, which will help fund renovations of SF State’s library, passed by about 1 percent while Gov. Schwarzenegger’s $15 billion deficit-bond and government spending limits were overwhelmingly approved.

“I had to vote for the bond because if I didn't it would be worse for me. I didn't agree with the way we get the money, but there's no other choice," said Margarette Burd, a 26-year-old psychology major.

Propositon 57, which passed with 63.3 percent of the votes, will refinance the state's past debt, while Proposition 58, a companion to the former which requires the government to put a limit on their spending and setup a budget reserve, was approved by 71 percent of the voters .

Of the four bond measures on the ballot for yesterdays election, Proposition 56 was the lone loser. The proposition, which was rejected by 65.9 percent of voters, would have given the go-ahead for legislature to enact budget-related taxes with an approval of only 55 percent of the vote instead of the current two-thirds now required. It would have also stopped payment of the governor and legislature's salary for each day the budget is late.

"I voted against the bonds because Schwarzenegger supported them. I vote anything that goes against him," said 24-year-old Dana Bonilla.

SF State residents had the first opportunity to vote at the campus polling place located in the library, and many other students voted for the issues important to them near their homes.

"The bond and the balanced budget were the most important things to me. I voted yes on both. There isn't much teeth to it, but it is a step in the right direction. We're in a crisis right now. Chronic overspending has led us to this situation. Nobody's taken responsibility for the mess we're in right now," said Mike Silberg, 31.

Voter turnout was low compared to the recall election which took place in November. In San Francisco, for example, only 39.6 percent of registered voters turned out.

For many SF State students, the presidential primaries were an important reason to get out and vote.

Sen. John Kerry became the official choice for the Democratic nomination, while Peter Camejo (Green), Gary Nolan (Libertarian), Leonard Peltier (Peace and Freedom), and Michael A. Peroutka (American Independent) were chosen by their respective parties to face the Republican incumbent for the presidency in November.

Measure 2 was passed by voters in the San Francisco Bay Area, meaning commuters will pay an extra dollar for tolls on seven bridges throughout the area – excluding the Golden Gate. The fee hike will help to extend Bay Area Rapid Transit.

In San Francisco, nine out of ten local measures passed. Civil unions were reaffirmed as voters passed Proposition D, extending gay couples the right to register as domestic partners in San Francisco.

The governor received a victory last evening, when voters approved of his $15 billion-decificit bond and a government spending limit.

Professor Suijan Guo of the political science department said, “I think Proposition 58 should be a model for all legislatures…Citizens should be able to hold them accountable to their decisions.”

Though Guo was not sure if the $15 billion deficit bond would relieve California from its debt troubles, the problem with the bond is if it doesn’t take off within the next two years, then there would be no way to pay off this debt, which would eventually get carried over to the next generation, he said.

SF State student Amy Baskin said people should have voted yes on Prop. 56, simply because no other solution was being offered to the voters.

According to Kim Johansen, a 24-year-old Kucinich supporter, Prop. 56 was simply a matter of updating the constitution to the 21st century. “Right now the way it stands it’s just ancient to me it should be majority rules, but I guess 55 percent is close enough.”

Primary Results

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About two-thirds of California voters supported Massachusetts Senator John Kerry as the Democratic presidential nominee in today's consolidated primary elections. In early returns, voters calling for the state to balance its budget with the passage of propositions 57 and 58. Proposition 55, the Public Education Facilities Bond Act also passed, which will give SF State money for upgrades to the library. San Francisco County voted contrary to the rest of California regarding propositions 56 and 57.

North Carolina Senator John Edwards dropped out of the race for the Democratic nomination.

San Francisco County experienced an average voter turnout rate of 35 percent.


Measure 2: Regional Traffic Relief Plan
The Regional Traffic Relief Plan will divert a portion of bridge tolls to relieve both current and projected future traffic congestion by expanding and extending BART service, building another transbay bridge, making improvements to existing buses, ferry and rail services. It also called for/It will also implement a $1 toll increase starting July 1, 2004, on all bridges except the Golden Gate Bridge.

Proposition 55: Public Education Facilities Bond Act of 2004
This measure will issue a $12.3 billion bond to repair and build facilities in the state public school system, including the California Community Colleges, the California State University and the University of California.

Proposition 56: Budget-Related Taxes and Spending
This highly contentious measure attempted to lower the voting requirements for passage of new taxes from 66.6 percent (two-thirds majority) to 55 percent.

Proposition 57: Economic Recovery Bond Act
The state will sell $15 billion worth of bonds to pay off existing debts.

Proposition 58: The California Balanced Budget Act
This requires the enactment of a balanced budget and establishes a budget reserve.

Note: In San Francisco County, voters were in favor of proposition 56 and against proposition 57.

All propositions passed except for proposition J, billed by many as the "Affordable Housing Initiative."

Prop. A: Defered Taxation Plan
The Board of Supervisors will be allowed to create a plan through which city employees could defer accrued cash payments (through unused vacation/sick time) to said plan.

Prop. B: Retirement Benefits for Public Defenders, District Attorneys and Invesigators
The city will be allowed/will not be allowed to contract with the California Public Employees' Retirement System to provide retirement benefits for the aforementioned city employees if there is no change in cost to the city.

Prop. C: Civilian Jobs in the Police Department
The city will undergo a process to determine if positions normally held by uniformed police officers can be converted to civilian jobs. This proposition is estimated to save the city between $18,000 and $40,000 annually by paying administrative workers clerical-type salaries rather than police salaries.

Prop. D: Equal Treatment of Domestic Partners
Domestic partners--including those who live or work ouside the city--will now be allowed to register in the city and receive the same treatment as spouses from the City Employees' Retirement System.

Prop. E: Requests for City Records Containing Private Information
Earmarked as a safeguard against the Patriot Act, Prop. E will allow the Board of Supervisors--rather than city departments--to respond to federal requests for information regarding individual citizens.

Prop. F: Labor Negotiations with Deputy Sheriffs
The deputy sheriffs will now be subject to the labor negotiation rules as uniformed members of the Police and Fire departments.

Prop. G: Supplemental Pay for City Employees on Military Duty
The Mayor and Board of Supervisors will be authorized to determine whether to provide supplemental pay to city employees when called to active military duty for more than 180 days.

Prop. H: Public Education Fund
The city will create a Public Education Fund, contributing at least $165 million to the San Francisco Unifed School District over the next 11 years. One-third will fund arts, music, sports and library programs; one-third will fund preschool programs, and one-third will go to the school district for general education purposes.

Prop. I: Replacement of Diesel Buses
Muni will be required to replace diesel buses purchased before 1991. All new Muni vehicles will be required to meet the anti-pollution standards applicable to other city vehicles. Replacement of buses will have to be completed by 2006.

Prop. J: Incentives to build Below-Market-Rate Housing
Housing developments located downtown and along the central waterfront will not be subject to less-restrictive density and height rules if the developer agrees to sell or rent 27 percent or 29 percent of the units under market rates.

This contentious proposition, voted down by almost 70 percent of San Franciscans, was placed on the ballot through a citizens' initiative requiring 9,735 signatures. Mayor Newsom and Glide Memorial Pastor the Rev. Cecil Williams were two notable proponents of Prop. J, calling attention to the projected 10,000 new housing units to be developed in the "downtown workforce" and "central waterfront" areas.

Sups. Ammiano, Daly, Hall, Maxwell, McGoldrick, Peskin and Board President Matt Gonzalez were some who voiced opposition to the measure, saying the measure would fail to provide working families with affordable housing while weakening neighborhood zoning laws and helping developers more than tenants.

The above information was excerpted from the Voter Information Pamphlet prepared by the San Francisco Department of Elections.

A funeral was held today for the arts and sports departments at Malcolm X Plaza during the noon hour.

In the middle of a speech by David Abella, vice president of external affairs, about 20 students walked a procession from the Creative Arts building to the plaza. A coffin stayed in the middle of the plaza while students held up headstones reading “R.I.P dance” and “R.I.P. education.”

The demonstration was part of the first of two rallies against the referendums, which could increase fees $138 a semester if the requests of Academic Affairs, athletics, the Career Center and Student Health Services are granted. The second rally will be March 3 -- same time, same place.

Club members, student government and students took turns at the microphone and voiced opinion about the referendums voted on today and March 3. Free black T-shirts with the word “endangered” on the front and "Save the CSU" on the back were given away.

Mike Abts and Asher Lyons, theater arts majors, gave eulogies to arts and athletics.

“Today is a sad day,” Lyons told the crowd. “Dance has been here since the beginning. Dance is ancient. How do you take away something ancient? What are we saying about humanity when we are eliminating things that are ancient and true to our souls?”

Lyons led a rally last week for the dance department, which according to protesters will be cut despite a fee increase.

Later in the hour another student sang a personalized rendition of “Amazing Grace” which turned into “Amazing State.”

Some students were dissatisfied with both options of the referendums.

“If you vote yes or no, you will be affected,” said Ernesto Cuahtemoc, an ethnic studies major. “The budget crisis should not be a student problem.”

Some students think they should not have to vote yes for a program that they do not use, such as athletics. But some athletes note they do more than play.

“Half the sports teams will be cut,” said Stephanie Pierini, 21, a kinesiology major. Pierini and fellow softball teammate, Danielle Russo, stood in the middle of the plaza and handed informational flyers about sports before the rally. “For softball, we put back into the community. We have food drives and read to kids.”

Poll workers in the student center, outside the business and HSS building said about more than 60 students voted within the first hours of open polls.

Natalie Batista, ASI president, said she was pleased to hear it sounded like more students started to vote than in the last ASI election, where about 2,000 students total voted.

“This is guaranteed to get people to vote,” Batista said, referring to six campus polling places instead of the one polling table inside the student center. “I am pleased many people are voting. People do care.”

During the rally, Bastista asked the crowd to sing along to a mock version of a Bob Seger tune. “Give me the fees boy, and list them out / I wanna tell state what I’m all about / Vote today / Vote today,” Batista and crowd members sang.

“I’m glad they’re having us vote,” said Jessica Braun, 25, psychology major. Braun voted yes for the academic instructional fee and career center. “What’s the point of paying less and not getting classes?” she said. “The job market is bad, and we need all the help we can get.”

SF State students were able to cast their votes on campus, marking the first time the university has had a polling place in 105 years.

The polling place, located in the J.P. Leonard Library in the 24-hour quiet study area, proved to be convenient for campus residents and the general student body because commuters could drop off their absentee ballots and San Francisco residents could provisionally vote.

The polls cleared out three tables in the room, so students were still able to study.

David Strine, the official poll inspector and SF State student, arrived with his staff of three at 6 this morning to set up for the official opening of the polls at 7 a.m.

“There were few people who were conscious in this room at 7 a.m., most students were sleeping on the study tables,” Strine said.

Two of Strine’s polling clerks, Adrian Martinez and Will Anderson are donating their $108 earnings to their SF State fraternity Phi Kappa Tau for a community service project.

Strine said that most of the morning voters were provisional voters and do not live in the 2745 precinct. Provisional San Francisco voters are able to vote at the SF State polling place but votes for candidates and propositions that pertain to neighborhood issues will not count.

There was a bit of confusion this morning at the polling place. Many students came into the library looking to vote for the campus referendums; they were redirected to the outdoor white tents set up by Associated Students Inc.

Lauren Phillips, a French student cast her vote at J.P. Leonard library for democratic candidate Rep. Dennis Kucinich of Ohio. Her polling place is in the Castro but she opted to vote on campus today for convenience.

“It worries me that there was no line to vote here, I would have anticipated more students to be voting,” Phillips said.

Reuben Martinez, a resident of the 2745 precinct said, “It is cool to have voting on campus, it is much easier for me to vote here than at Stonestown.”

Martinez, a member of the Green party voted for Camejo for president, no on prepositions 55 and 56 and yes on prepositions 57 and 58. “It makes me sad when I don’t see more women and Chicanos voting, we once didn’t have the right to vote,” Martinez said. “Hopefully polls like this will encourage other students to vote.”

According to a Jan.26 [X]press article, the administration signed a contract with the San Francisco Department of Elections Friday, Jan. 16 after four years of lobbying by various campus organizations, including the California Faculty Association, Associated Students Inc., San Francisco Urban Institute and the administration.

The Associated Student Inc. president, Natalie Batista, voted this morning on campus. Batista, a Republican voted yes on propositions 57 and 58, and voted for Kerry for president.

“You have to have a polling place on campus. So many people commute here and don’t know what precinct they belong to. This makes voting easier for the students and easier for people who are dropping off their absentee ballots,” she said.

The voter turnout increased as the day progressed. Strine, the poll inspector, said that 35 people had voted by 11:45 this morning. The polling place is using an Optech Eagle III machine to scan the votes.

A city representative will arrive after the poll closes at 8 p.m. to pick up the machine, and the sheriff will come to pick up the paper ballots.

The California State University may redirect approximately 4,000 freshmen to the 108 state community colleges if Gov. Schwarzenegger's proposed budget is approved by the state legislature in May.

In his budget proposal, Gov. Schwarzenegger told CSU officials to redirect 10 percent of their incoming freshmen to the community colleges. But Patrick Lenz, CSU assistant vice chancellor for budget development, said CSUs instead will ask for a 5 percent cut of the total enrollment so the system can have more latitude in who are turned away. That comes out to about 20,000 students, mainly entering freshmen, graduate students and transferring juniors from community colleges.

Gov. Schwarzenegger’s proposed budget for fiscal 2004-05 will trim $240 million, or 9 percent, from CSU’s spending. This translates into fewer classes, fewer services, and the reduction in enrollment.

“All prospective students who have received letters of admission and satisfy all conditions outlined in the letter will be welcome to attend. We will not rescind any offer of admission for fall 2004,” said Jo Volkert, associate vice president of enrollment planning and management.

On Jan. 9, the California Community Colleges’ Chancellor’s Office said California’s community colleges received priority in the proposed budget plan, and so were spared the deep cuts given to the CSU.

The governor's budget increases system funding by $211 million, including $120 million from Proposition 98, which supports community colleges. Overall, the governor’s budget provides a 4.4 percent increase in program funding for the community colleges.

“A community college is a good choice for any student who may want to attend a four-year school later but who is not yet academically, personally, or economically ready to begin study at a university,” said Cheryl Fong, interim public information officer of the California Community Colleges.

One of the reasons incoming freshmen are being redirected to community colleges is due to their lack of educational readiness to enter the university system. (See ) Only about half of the freshmen who entered CSUs last fall can read and write proficiently, while just 63 percent are proficient in math, university officials announced Jan. 21.

It was bad news for the trustees of the CSU system, which spends $10 million annually on remedial courses that should have been covered in elementary and secondary schools.

In 1996, the trustees approved a get-tough policy. All freshmen who had not already shown they could do college-level work would have to do so within their first 15 months of college or be kicked out of school.

CSU officials released figures on Jan. 21 showing that most students who are kicked out go to community colleges. CSU’s figures showed that 77 percent of 2,227 freshmen in Fall 2001 who had been dismissed subsequently enrolled in community colleges. A year later, 58 percent of the students were continuing at community colleges and 13 percent, after completing remedial work, were back at the CSUs.

Clara Potes-Fellow, spokeswoman for the CSU, said, “If the proposed budget is passed, students who are redirected to community colleges will get fee waivers. There will be no cost to students; this is due to Proposition 98. And community colleges have lower costs.”

As far as the enrollment of students other than freshmen, Volkert said, “Second BA students will be accepted only if they enter specifically identified programs that receive grant funding or have other unique characteristics. Under the governor’s proposed budget, students who take courses that are in 10 percent excess of general education requirements, major or minor requirements, will pay full tuition for those classes.”

No official statements from the CSU or the state department of finance have been issued as to which junior transfer and graduate students will be accepted for Fall 2004, but the prospects are not encouraging.

In addition to fee hikes, students will also be hit with reduced financial aid. The proposed budget states $11.2 million will be cut by lowering the maximum allowable income of Cal Grant recipients by ten percent.

It also proposes to decouple Cal Grant awards from the fee levels in the CSU – in other words, grant monies may not rise along with rises in fees. Under the present policy, Cal Grant awards would be increased to cover the proposed undergraduate fee increases proposed for the CSU.

In regards to the outcome of the proposed budget, Potes-Fellow said, “The budget will pass, but the state senate and assembly will discuss it and there will probably be a compromise.”

Whatever the outcome, the governor is supposed to adopt a budget by July 1, 2004.

» Academic Senate for California Community Colleges represents the faculty of the Community Colleges, ensuring effective participation in the formation of statewide policies on academic and professional matters. The Academic Senate strengthens and supports the local academic senates of the 108 California Community Colleges.
» Legislative Analyst's Office has been providing fiscal and policy advice to the Legislature for more than 55 years. It is known for its fiscal and programmatic expertise and nonpartisan analyses of the state's budget.

Fee Increases in Students' Hands

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Students can tell the administration how they feel about possible fee increases for four cash-strapped departments and services on March 2 and 3.

SF State President Robert Corrigan and California State University Chancellor are expected to make their decisions about the increases by taking into account the opinions of whoever votes. This could mean that a small amount of students could make the decision for thousands of their classmates.

Campus-based fees could jump $138 a semester if all the fee increases -- requested by Academic Affairs, athletics, the Career Center and Student Health Services -- are approved.

While SF State students have a chance to voice their opinion, their final vote will be a nonbinding advisory vote, according to interim Public Affairs Director Christina Holmes.

“If students approve the fees, it does not mean that those fees will immediately go into effect. Rather, President Corrigan and CSU Chancellor Reed will weigh the opinions heavily and see if they should go ahead with the student fee increases,” Holmes said.

While students do not have the final say on the measures to be implemented, the administration would almost surely follow student opinion, Holmes said.

The university does not have a figure on how many people it expects to vote on the referendums, but it will go with the results no matter the turnout. "It doesn't matter if 20 or 20,000 students vote over the next two days, we will still regard the opinions voiced as being valid," Holmes said.

Polling booths, which will be open from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m., will be located in six locations on campus: Cesar Chavez Student Center Lobby, the corner of 19th and Holloway avenues (tent), the southern corner of the Business building (tent), Mary Park Hall Lounge, Centennial Walkway (the roadway between Humanities and Burk Hall, tent), and the pathway between Science and Thornton Hall (tent).

Voters will be asked four questions that are broken into two sections, one for new fees and the other regarding existing fees.

The first question will affect Academic Affairs and asks for an academic instruction and services student fee to be established at $75 per semester, prorated to $35 during summer semester, effective Fall 2004.

The second question will focus on the Career Center and asks for a new student fee to be established at $14 per semester. The fee would then increase by $1 per semester over the next four years, capping at $16 in the semester 2008-09. If the proposal fails then the student center may be closed and force SF State students to compete for jobs with students from universities that have that added level of support from a Career Center.

The third item on the ballot will affect athletics and recreation, which encompasses all teams and intramural sports. The proposal asks that the campus-based Instructional Related Activities (IRA) fee be increased by $33 per semester, effective Fall 2004. This increase would be adjusted annually by $2 per semester from 2005-06 thru 2007-08 and by $1 in 2008-09; capping at $40 in 2008-09.

The final question to be asked on the referendum is to increase the current student health services fee by $16 per semester, effective Fall 2004. The increase would be adjusted annually by $3 per semester until 2008-9, when it would be capped at $28.

If approved, the student fee increase would cover the Counseling and Psychological Services Center budget. The Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) had been recently merged because of budget cuts, and a denial in fee increases would almost surely mean the elimination of the services. This reduction in medical and counseling services would impact 10,000 SF State students with no health insurance.

» SF State Web site
» Academic Affairs
» Athletics
» Student Health Service
» Career Center

Student Parents' Home Away From Home

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Got a kid, a job, and a full load of classes? Student parents in need of extra support can turn to an on-campus program that caters to their specific needs.

The Stay-in-School Family Resource Center acts as a haven in the midst of a storm for hundreds of parents navigating their way through college. Students who step inside the door will be welcomed by an exuberant staff that shares enough love to dispel stress from anyone’s day.

“With them, there is no making mistakes, all you can do is try and try your hardest and they are going to back you up,” Cherie Lewis, mother of one, said. “You don’t have to donate money. You just have to go to school."

The grass roots, non-profit resource center helps student parents get through school. Its focus is to help parents reach their educational goals. They offer a multitude of resources that parents can utilize to better their lives and the lives of their children, said Frederick Gaines, resource center program coordinator.

The center offers support, counseling, workshops, resources, computers, and even a child-friendly room where parents can leave their kids when they are in a bind. The center also serves as a place to relax and interact with other parents who understand the challenge of attending school while raising a child. It is a place parents can express concerns about life’s challenges and be treated respectfully while seeking solutions.

“Some days I’m so tired I feel like I’m going to pull my hair out, but they are so supportive. They are like my crutch or my cane. They hold me up so I can keep going,” Lewis said.

Support through the Stay-in-School Family Resource Center comes in many forms. Pretty much anything goes. The staff will eagerly jump on any challenge and work with parents to figure out the most practical way of solving problems. If they don’t have a solution, they will immediately offer contact information of someone who can.

“The main goal is to get parents educated and to show them that their children aren’t some type of burden, that they are a strength within us,” said Summer Miranda, staff coordinator and mother of four.

Miranda, who had her first child at 16, said, “Having children is a strength, they are support. You have a little family, a little network. This is support and love. It’s a benefit.”

Some parents might be too consumed with stress to feel that way, but with all of the resources offered at the center, it’s possible to create enough stability to focus on the positive aspects of family life.

The center offers workshops on a range of topics. Some workshops are focused on the development of parenting skills, such as providing proper nutrition, childcare, stress, and time management. Economic issues such as student rights under welfare reform, money management, and financial aid are also workshop topics.

Housing issues are addressed by the center’s staff. They offer legal support on renter’s rights. The staff will advise students and provide resources to those who feel the need to get out of their living situation. If a student parent needs to move out of their parent’s house, a dangerous neighborhood or a situation of domestic violence, help will be provided, the staff said.

Gaines said that he sees his mother and "aunties" in many people who utilize the center. He sees their potential and wants to help them in their fight to overcome the tremendous odds of remaining in poverty. He said he loves to show people the direction to go and show them the steps to get there.

Monthly support groups are held in which a counselor from SF State’s department of counseling and psychological services give parents a chance to digest the issues they are facing and come up with real solutions.

“I think it’s really wonderful that there is something here that helps to support those needs,” said Derethia DuVal, a marriage and family therapist.

Gaines said the membership of the resource center is diverse. People of all ages, ethnicities, economic status, family background, and personal histories utilize the resource center. Both undergraduate students and graduate students make use of the extensive services provided.

Created by student parents and supportive faculty, the center was founded four years ago. The idea came about in a social work class taught by Prof. Roma Guy. Student parents discussing their problems decided the campus needed a support system to help solve the unique problems of attending school while raising families, Miranda said.

According to the center’s Web site, “1,700 SF State students and their children have visited the homework/computer lab and child friendly room at the center” in the past six months. Data showing use of the center prior to this is not yet available.

Three new employees started at the Stay-in-School Family Resource Center this past December, enabling them to increase the number of hours they provide services. The center is open weekdays from nine to five.

The Stay-in-School Family Resource Center is a project of the San Francisco Urban Institute. The SFSU Foundation and Associated Student’s Inc. provide funding. The center is currently seeking additional funding to expand the services they provide.

Gaines has a big vision for the center. He wants to increase the number of services, but keep the grass-roots feel. Most of all, he wants to ensure that it remains run by student parents -- the ones who are most in touch with the needs of student parents and take advantage of the services.

“It’s just a matter of taking small steps and making sure the quality is here,” Gaines said.

With additional funding, he said he would like to set up a system in which students from the English and math programs tutor student parents on those skills. He would also like to get tutors for the children, so they too can improve their education.

“We’re not just helping this generation, but the next generations,” Gaines said. “We’re showing these (parent’s) kids the importance of education.”

Campus Crime

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4:35 a.m. GRAND THEFT
A female student’s computer was stolen from the Village at Centennial Square during a party.

A man, not an SF State student, was beaten up by two other men after a road rage incident near the intersection of Winston and Buckingham drives. The two men fled before officers arrived.


A man, not an SF State student, was advised by officers and complied to leave campus after he and another man got in an argument over wasting water in the J. Paul Leonard Library men’s bathroom.

A homeless man was escorted from the campus after he walked in to the men’s restroom on the 7th floor of Hensill Hall.

3:05 p.m. PETTY THEFT
A student’s unattended briefcase was stolen from the Cesar Chavez Student Center. Loss: $430.

3:36 p.m. GRAND THEFT
A student’s Trek mountain bike was stolen from where it was locked to a handrail in front of the Humanities Building. Loss: $750.


A professor in the Science Building received a call from an unidentified woman, who said she was going to kill herself. Since the woman refused to tell him anything else before she hung up, officers were unable to determine any further information about the call.

2:26 p.m. VANDALISM
A student's car was keyed while it was parked in Lot 20. The case is under investigation by the University Police Department.


4:36 p.m. GRAND THEFT
During a routine department inventory, a staff member discovered that a projector was stolen from room 308 in the Gym. The theft is estimated to have occurred between August and September, officials said. Loss: $2,500.


A woman was insulted by a member of the LaRouche campaign near the corner of 19th and Holloway avenues after the campaigner asked if she could speak English and forced her to take leaflets that she did not want. Officers advised the campaigner.


A hypodermic needle was found by a child at the Montessori School, which is located on Font Boulevard across from the SF State Office of Housing and Residential Services. The needle was taken by officers to be destroyed.


Officers and the San Francisco Fire Department medically cleared a 19-year-old female Mary Ward Hall resident who was incoherent, vomiting and thought to have alcohol poisoning.

Traffic signals at the intersection of 19th and Holloway avenues were not functioning due to a power failure. Officials from the University Police Department, Department of Public Transportation, and Department of Public Works responded and the problem was fixed.


A group of SF State students were advised by UPD after a person reported that they were being loud on Gonzalez Drive.

A group of students on Font Boulevard were advised by UPD after causing a noise disturbance at the location.

A student was escorted off-campus after creating a disturbance and refusing to leave the Student Services Building.

Packed with Traditions

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Some cultures and generations have the burden of carrying traditions on their backs. Literally.

A new exhibit at SF State, "Carriers of Tradition, The Backpacks of the Northern Philippines," in the Hohenthal Gallery at the Treganza Anthropology Museum, illustrates exactly that.

A plethora of backpacks, some with decoratively dyed feathers and intricate bamboo weaves, sit in glass cases and don the walls of this exhibitional gem tucked away on the third floor of the Science building at SF State.

The artifacts are clustered in groups according to ethno-linguistic orientation, meaning by the ethnicity and language or dialect of the people.

“This is a place where students can learn about how culture is connected to materials, material culture,” said Yoshiko (Miko) Yamamoto, director and curator of the museum since 1988.

This exhibit focuses in paticular on 10 ethno-linguistic groups who reside in the mountainous northern Luzon Cordillera region.

“These backpacks were collected from the mountain providences. You can really see how they evolved with the topography,” Yamamoto said.

Though these groups live within close geographic vicinity, they speak drastically different dialects and have distinct ceremonies and practices.

The groups, namely the Apayao, Bontoc, Gaddang, Kalanguya, Kalinga, Kankana’ey, Ibaloi, Ifugao, Illongot, and Tigguian, utilized the backpacks for the transportation of rice, their staple crop and source o livelihood.

Other uses include the transport of meat and personal items, like forms of identification issued by the Spanish colonists and members of the American military occupation, including marriage certificates and ethnic affiliations.

Each village had one primary weaver, a male, and only men used the backpacks. Women used baskets cohesive with their different roles and chores; some of these are also on display in the exhibit.

But to the dismay of researchers and cultural enthusiasts, these practices are slowly being phased out and have, in a sense, become endangered.

“These traditions are dying," said Charisse Aquino, 23, a graduating senior and anthropology major, who has done fieldwork in the Philippines. "Tourists are coming in and trading Levi’s for these sacred artifacts. Tupperware is replacing the traditional baskets. The children no longer want to weave, they want to watch MTV."

The World Heritage committee, a subsidiary of the United Nations educational scientific and cultural organization, UNESCO, added the rice terraces of the Philippines Cordilleras to the World Heritage list in 1995.

This list places the Cordilleras in a category with other locations deemed worthy of “protecting its natural and cultural properties of outstanding universal value against the threat of damage in a rapidly developing world.”

There are 754 other properties all over the world currently represented on the list.

The exhibit exemplifies an attempt by scientists, specifically anthropologists, to capture the essence of the region, ensuring the propagation and furtherment of its environmentally adapted practices and culture.

“There is so much more to learn about the Philippines than just the stereotypes,” Aquino said.

Aquino and her fellow student, Christina Dastghiab, have helped put together the exhibition that is mostly composed of pieces from international collections.

With the aid and advice of faculty and staff, the students researched and worked with the artifacts to create the current display.

Admission is free.

The museum is located in SCI 377 and the exhibit is open through April 30. The gallery is open Monday to Friday, 10 a.m. to 12 p.m. and 1 p.m. to 4 p.m.

Censored Student Still Reeling from Oct. 2002 Arrest

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As students prepare to express their opinions on variety of subjects this semester, previous incidents show speaking freely can lead to big trouble.

Estelle Esposito, a former SF State student, has given up hope for justice. After a year and a half of trying to find help from local newspapers, the Department of Education, Office of Federal Relations, CSU Foundation, San Francisco Bar Association and even the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), Esposito found only disappointment.

“No one gives a damn about the incident which cost me my education, my rights, my name and face, as well as my piece of mind,” she said. “The civil rights attorneys turn me down because they say it is criminal. The criminal attorneys say it is civil."

Esposito, 29 at the time, started attending SF State in fall 2002 as a transfer student, majoring in business. She was curious about the new campus and would skateboard with her backpack through its long cemented perimeter. But not even halfway through her first semester, she dropped out from school in fear, promising to never return.

Esposito got arrested and suspended from school after stepping on the stage and asking a question during a Muslim rally at the Free Speech area on Malcolm X Plaza. After she returned to campus, she became a target of harassment by fellow students who read the front page article in the October issue of Xpress and recognized her from the photo. Over a year later she is still trying to recover from this incident. She tells her story to the public for the first time.

The Arrest

On October 23, 2002, Esposito stopped by the Free Speech area on Malcolm X Plaza to listen to a "Understanding Islam” speech, a part of an informational rally held biannually by Student Muslim Association (MSA).

Esposito wanted to ask a question about the 72 virgins that, she heard, await men after death, a reference to the image of heaven in some Muslim religious traditions. She raised her hand trying to get the speaker to answer whether or not it was true. Her question was not answered and she was told to come back at a later time. Esposito left the plaza to study for her midterm. After she came back, the rally was still in progress. She stepped up on the stage and asked her question again: “Is it true when an Islamic man dies, 72 virgins greet him?”

The organizers of the event told her to leave the stage immediately. Esposito refused and said she wanted the speaker to reply. The speaker eventually said, “No, it is not true,” and Esposito left the stage to go to the library and continue studying for her midterm. When she got there, she was approached by the officers, searched, detained, and taken into custody by SF State police department.

There are many versions of what exactly happened, and some of the people involved are no longer around. Even the police officers do not describe the incident in sync.

" a threatening manner."

Esposito claims that after she stepped on the first step of the stage and asked her question, the speaker and the “Muslim crowd” became very angry. “A group of male students grabbed me and yelled in my face,” she recalled.

Lt. Jun Takahashi responded to the scene after he heard over the police radio that a female dressed in black rode her skateboard up to the plaza and walked up onto the platform “disrupting the event.”

Takahashi confiscated Esposito’s skateboard for alleged safety reasons and escorted her into custody. He stated in the police report that after Esposito was asked to leave the stage, she yelled, “Don’t touch me!” and waved her arms in the air, “holding her skateboard in front of her body in a threatening manner.”

Esposito admits carrying a skateboard, but she insists she held it under her arm, as she always did when she could not ride it. She denies any allegations of a threat of any kind.

“In the past when I have asked someone about their religion, I have gotten a simple answer,” said Esposito. “People are usually delighted to inform you about their religion. I never would have believed that this would result from a question if I had not lived through it.”

Lt. Jerry Trobaugh, who was not involved in the arrest, told Xpress the day of the incident that Esposito was arrested and booked into San Francisco County Jail for “failing to provide her proper identification.” According to the police report, Esposito did provide officers with her student ID, but did not give her date of birth and address right away. The same police report stated that Esposito got arrested for disturbing the peace and resisting the arrest.

“When I told Esposito that she was under arrest and had to place her hands behind her back, Esposito said, ‘No! This is a democracy,’” said Sgt. Todd Iriyama in the police report.

“I then grabbed Esposito’s right arm and attempted to place it behind her back," he continued. “Esposito immediately tried to break free from my control hold and became physically combative.”

"I was kicked to the ground, held down...even though I never struggled."

But Esposito, who is 5'3” and 108 pounds, claims she never opposed.

“Both of these accusations were false as campus ID was taken and I never resisted against the two men who were twice my size,” said Esposito. “I was kicked to the ground, held down and hand cuffed by two officers even though I never struggled. I called for help from the other students, but was ignored.

She continued, "I can’t believe I was stripped out of my civil rights in the middle of campus and there was no one there to help."

Lt. Troubaugh, who is now retired but was recently asked for comments, did not wish to provide any explanations.

MSA officer Hani Shawa told Xpress on the day of the incident that it wasn’t that big of a deal for them.

“We are not pressing charges or anything. There are always a couple of ignorant people out there,” Shawa said.

Students side with Esposito

Amr Alhourani, 31, of MSA, who was not present at the event, said that the question by itself is not offensive. “People ask us about having four wives in this life, so the after life questions should not be as offensive," said Alhourani. "It is part of our religion.”

“I wouldn't have asked it myself as it does show poor taste,” said Warren Larson, director of the Muslim Studies program at the Columbia International University. “But having said that, the Muslim speaker should have responded.

He continued, “Responding to such questions would have shown that the Muslim was not avoiding the issue.”

"In my opinion, the administration overreacted, perhaps in an attempt at political correctness,” said Larson. “It sounds like the administration sided with Muslims when in fact it should have been impartial. There are other incidences where it seems that certain groups get away with whatever they want. The administration should have not been so hasty. It seems a bit unfair and one-sided. I can't help but sympathize with the student who eventually dropped out. It seems to me that free speech should be just that.”

Noel Flores, 22, a junior at SF State, feels that free speech should be celebrated on campus.

“This is a university and we have a right to express what we feel and we have a right to say whatever we want," said Flores. "Freedom of speech is what this country was founded on. We are learning to express ourselves and learning to be free.”

“I think that [the arrest] is wrong,” said Chris Jackson, 20, a member of Associated Students Inc. “She is a student just like that speaker is a student. Just because she does not have a permit looks like she doesn’t permission to go on stage. And as long as this not a private property and we all pay for this property, she is well within her rights. I hope they apologize for infringing her rights.”

Police cite campus policies

Today, SF State police department still maintains that Esposito was “lawfully detained, questioned about the incident, arrested and searched.” According to Sgt. Jennifer Schwartz -- who's currently a public information officer, a position previously held by Lt. Trobaugh -- Esposito, besides resisting the officers, was arrested for her use of offensive language against Muslim students, an act that allegedly disturbed the peace.

“I think common knowledge, common sense and courtesy are issues to consider when interrupting a speaker, a teacher or an event,” said Schwartz.

According to Schwartz, the offensive part was Esposito’s question to the Muslim speaker. Schwartz refers to the California penal code 415 and the policies of the SF State’s Office of Student Programs Leadership Development (OSPLD), which oversees the Free Speech area.

What’s up with the Free Speech policies?

OSPLD department currently does not have their policies available for public view. Despite the message on their Web site that the “current procedures for demonstrations, counter-demonstrations, rallies, and sanctions are available in the Office of Student Programs,” they are not available at their office.

Lilia Chavez, the Director of OSPLD, has not yet responded to Xpress' request for a copy of their policies.

Alberto Olivares, OSPLD counselor, who, according to the police report, was present at the event and requested Esposito to leave the stage said that “an arrest has nothing to do with our office. We deal with student organizations, not individuals."

The administation's gag policy

The SF State Disciplinary office, which suspended Esposito from school for 14 days, is not answering any questions either. According to Maria Brown, executive secretary at the Student Affairs office, the Disciplinary office has a policy that allows them not to talk to reporters. She referred Xpress' questions to the SF State public affairs office, which has not provided any comments despite numerous requests.

It is a common practice for SF State to videotape all the rallies, even though there are no visible signs around the Free Speech area warning students that their picture and/or voice maybe recorded.

The videotape of this event as a piece of evidence was never presented in court, since Esposito’s charges were dismissed the next day. According to SF State's Department of Public Safety, the videotape was destroyed immediately after her release.

The Northern branch of ACLU has not yet provided any comments about Esposito’s case. Their Web site, though, states that “constitutional violations are far too common in public schools across the country.”

Sensitive issues often result in Free Speech incidents

Esposito’s case is not the only one example of free speech confrontations on SF State campus. In May 2002 SF State placed on probation and suspension from school at least three students for their self-expressions during Israeli and Palestinian rallies at Malcolm X plaza.

But since that time, Esposito is the only one who got arrested and jailed, at least according to Xpress records, since the university police does not always record “disturbing the peace” incidents. Neither Esposito’s arrest nor the May 2002 tensions are mentioned in the 2002 Campus Security report.

ACLU Response

After the May 2002 incidents that received a wide publicity in the media, the ACLU sent a letter to the SF State administration asking them to revise their policies.

“San Francisco State University should provide many opportunities to explore and discuss the Middle East conflict without a hurtful and divisive climate,” said Alan L. Schlosser, the legal director of ACLU, in his official letter addressed to the SF State President Robert Corrigan.

“We hope that the university will undertake a serious review of its policies and practices to create an environment conductive to peaceful protest and education,” Schlosser concluded.

Both Corrigan and the SF State Public Affairs office have not provided any information regarding their response to the letter. According to the current SF State 2003-2004 bulletin, no apparent changes have been made.

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