March 2004 Archives
"No Coloreds Served Here." "No Dogs, Coloreds, or Mexicans." "Whites Only."
It may have seem ironic to see such obviously degrading slogans branded under the murals of known activists Cesar Chavez and Malcolm X, but it was so Tuesday afternoon at Malcolm X Plaza, as the Afrikan Black Historical Commemoration Committee continued its "Jim Crow Day" from back in February.
Through a series of re-enactments of actual events, the organization strived to put a face on racial discrimination suffered by blacks under Jim Crow laws in the American south. Zumani Cole, who designed banners for the event, explained why he and the ABHCC put on the event.
“We’re doing this to retain and explain history and see what’s still going on. As an activist, organizer and artist, I’m doing it because I love my people, and we (as people) need to discuss and see what’s going on today.”
Jim Crows laws were established in the mid-to-late 1800s in southern states. Under the laws, states could legally discriminate against blacks, allowing for segregation from whites and the diminishing of their civil rights, such as the right to vote and prohibiting interracial marriage.
Narrator Aimee Zenzele Barnes started off the event by encouraging the audience to stand in a circle around the podium. She then went on to explain the event’s purpose.
“The purpose of today’s experience is to educate and inform against the plague of historical amnesia, to remind ourselves of our responsibility and accountability to fight injustice, and fortify and be proud or our identity and culture,” Barnes read to the crowd.
After Barnes spoke, three speakers recited monologues of suffering blacks had to and still endure today. Speaker Melanie Turner, who wore a black dress and a denim apron, recounted a time when a black mother was raped and abused by her white employer in the 1960s, only to suffer the indignity of not being able to fight back.
Then, two performers ran out in blood soaked clothes, re-enacting a couple running scared from members from the Ku Klux Klan, who ultimately caught one of them. The Klan members then proceeded to lynch the person, and after doing so, took pictures in front of the hanging body.
The performance ended with all the performers getting up on stage and thanking people for coming and all those who were involved in the production.
The event itself, however, did not end there. Performers and audience members regrouped in the Richard Oakes Multicultural Center to discuss what they felt during the performances, talk about their experiences, and open up a dialogue on race.
The event left an impact on those who saw it. Dominique Green, a speech communications major, thought the event was “very powerful, very intense. I was shocked the lynching scene, but I understand that their message wouldn’t have been as effective without it.”
Barnes felt the event went really well. “It made people think, and it reminded them of painful experiences and challenges we have faced.”
Her favorite monologue was that of a rich, black doctor who faced racism, because “it showed people it doesn’t matter what kind of social status you have, you can still be the victim of racism.”
Many Japanese women in Manchuria were raped during and after World War II, according to Sakura Furukubo, professor at the Research Center for Human Rights at Osaka City University at the event, “Japanese Women in Manchuria.”
The event was held March 30 in the Psychology/Ethnic Studies building in room 116. Since the College of Ethnic Studies and the Research Center for Human Rights at Osaka City University are sister institutions, Furukubo came to SF State to give her lecture. About 10 students came to hear her.
Jim Okutsu, associate dean of the College of Ethnic Studies, said the purpose of the event was to share information. Okutsu said that it is important to know what happened to Japanese women in Manchuria, a city in China that Japan occupied during WWII, while Japanese American women were in concentration camps in the United States.
Japanese women in Manchuria found life difficult after Soviet troops entered Manchuria near the end of the war. Furukubo said many of those women were used as "dolls" -- sexual objects.
Furukubo told the stories of several Japanese women who were raped or almost raped. In one account, a young girl threw herself out a three-story window to avoid being raped by Soviet troops.
Another account demonstrated how not only Soviet troops but also Chinese civilians tried to rape Japanese women. A Chinese man came to a woman’s house and asked her to give him her two daughters because his daughters were raped by Japanese soldiers. The woman offered herself instead, but the man changed his mind.
Furukubo also said even Japanese men offered some Japanese women as “female Kamikaze troops” to Soviet troops to protect their community and other Japanese women and children.
Furukubo said once women were raped, they were no longer part of their community and were often rejected by their husbands.
“The raped woman cannot participate in the community produced through the narrative of her experience, and she cannot possess her own discourse,” said Furukubo. “She (a raped woman) is the victim not only of foreigners in the guise of Soviet soldiers, but also of the community of Japan and (the) Japanese.”
Furukubo said she thinks that wartime rapes are in many ways similar to rapes under ordinary circumstances today.
“Raped women still cannot express what they have experienced by themselves,” Furukubo said.
Furukubo said people need to know how raped women feel through the history of wartime rape.
A Japanese woman, who attended the event but did not wish to disclose her name, said she knew the history of raped Japanese women during and after the war through her own research. Not many people in Japan talk about this topic, she said.
She also said the event was a good opportunity to learn more about what happened to Japanese women during the war years.
“It was interesting,” she said. “I hope that this topic will get more attention.”
Gabriel Woldegebriel, 22, a sophomore majoring in biology, said he did not know about what happened to Japanese women during WWII.
“I have never thought about this,” Woldegebriel said.
Monday, March 15
6:48 p.m. MEDICAL ASSIST
A 24-year-old student was taken to the hospital after she suffered seizures in the Cesar Chavez Student Center.
9:46 p.m. POSSESSION
Francisco Contreras, 18, was cited and released on suspicion of having marijuana. Officers saw the suspect smoking marijuana near the School of the Arts on Font Boulevard.
Wednesday, March 17
10:45 a.m. MEDICAL ASSIST
A 27-year-old student was treated at the Student Health Center after she began to have seizures near the Cesar Chavez Student Center.
12:12 p.m. WARRANT ARREST/POSSESSION OF A WEAPON ON SCHOOL GROUNDS
Bernard Washington, 22, was booked into county jail. Officers saw the suspect soliciting without authorization near the Cesar Chavez Student Center. A UPD background check showed he had an outstanding felony warrant, and a search of his body revealed that he was carrying an illegal concealed knife.
5:55 p.m. PUBLIC INTOXICATION/POSSESSION
Accused of yelling lewd and racial comments to those in Malcolm X Plaza, Sir Caesar Latour, 29, was booked into county jail after UPD officers determined he was intoxicated and in possession of marijuana for sale.
6:39 p.m. PETTY THEFT
A staff member’s unattended purse was stolen from the Humanities Building. Loss: $210.
7:40 p.m. BURGLARY
A resident’s personal property was stolen from the Village at Centennial Square. Loss: $128.
Thursday, March 18
6:01 a.m. VANDALISM/PUBLIC INTOXICATION
Caitlin Pastor, 19, was booked into county jail after a person reported she was intoxicated and vomiting in the first floor bathroom in Mary Ward Hall. Officers also determined that Pastor was involved in an incident reported minutes before in which an unknown person urinated and wrote profanity in lipstick on a door in the same building.
2:59 p.m. GRAND THEFT
A staff member’s laptop was stolen from Thornton Hall. Loss: $2,340.
Friday, March 19
1:42 p.m. GRAND THEFT
A staff member’s unattended purse was stolen from the Creative Arts Building while she was teaching class. Loss: $582.
Saturday, March 20
8:38 a.m. AUTO BURGLARY
A woman’s vehicle was broken into while it was parked on Font Boulevard. Loss: $139.
1:58 p.m. BURGLARY
A laptop computer was stolen after an unknown person(s) forced entry into a Burk Hall office. The theft is estimated to have occurred the night before. Loss: $2,000.
Sunday, March 28
9:09 p.m. POSSESSION
David Graham, 22, and Brian Campbell, 25, were booked into county jail on suspicion of felony possession of marijuana. Officers responded to a report of a strong odor of marijuana near the Village. Graham and Campbell are residents of the Village.
11:26 p.m. BURGLARY
A student’s vehicle was broken into while it was parked on Lake Merced Boulevard. Loss: $900.
editor's note: The March 28 incident was originally published with the suspects being booked into County Jail on suspicion of having less than an ounce of marijuana.
Ten students from the University of Nevada Reno took a break from their tour of the SF State black studies department for a quick luncheon on Tuesday.
As students enjoyed turkey sandwiches and caesar salads, members of the ethnic studies department and a student in the program took 30 minutes to answer questions and describe the cultural atmosphere at the campus.
“The professors here are really open to students,” said a black studies senior from Oakland who preferred to remain nameless.
“Part of your education is in class, the other part is outside,” he said.
Dr. Wade Nobles, a professor of ethnic studies, explained one of the benefits of having a black studies department. Every year Nobles, who is a tribal chief in the West African country of Ghana, takes students to experience their homeland.
“We do not go as tourists,” he said. “It is our home. You don’t tour your home.”
Reg Stewart, who brought the group here from Reno, thinks highly of the ethnic and black studies departments at SF State; he was a graduate in 1993.
“We want them to learn the culture of having an ethnic studies program,” said Stewart, the director of the Center for Student Culture and Diversity at UN Reno.
“These students need a real-world take on ethnic studies because we have no such program in Nevada,” said Stewart in comparing SF State and UN Reno.
Stewart also explained that most students in Reno and Las Vegas who do well in high school end up at UN Reno because it is a more academically challenging university.
Vishal Shah, the black studies coordinator, explained that during the entire day, the students attended three classes.
“They sat in Ancient Egypt History, Introduction into Black Psychology and Economics of the Black Community,” he said.
Some of the students reveled in the atmosphere of SF State. After making the six-hour bus ride from Reno Tuesday morning, UN Reno freshman Scott McAbee liked what he saw.
“State has a lot more culture and diversity than my school in Nevada,” McAbee said.
Horoscopes and most astrology books list 12 zodiac signs, few people know that there are actually 13 signs. According to astronomers, Ophiuchus (November 30-December 17) is the one sign that has been ignored for thousands of years.
While Earth orbits around the sun, the sun appears in our sky in front of 13 groups of stars called constellations of the zodiac. People who were born during the time when the sun was in front of a certain constellation, get assigned their zodiac sign accordingly. Astrology books have identified 12 zodiac signs. But Ophiuchus, the 13th sign, was omitted.
“People might have known this for 4000 years," said Keith Waxman, an SF State astronomy teacher. “They may have ignored certain areas and divided the sky into 12 constellations and ignored Ophiuchus, even though they knew that the sun drifted through that area.”
The constellation’s borders have been established by astronomers since 1930, Waxman said. “There are really 13 regions of the sky. They are like states in the US," he explained. “The sign, which is Ophiuchus, really does exist in astronomy.”
But this is not all. The dates of the modern horoscopes and corresponding signs are off by about 21 days, astronomers say. This is because our planet wobbles around its axis and completes the loop in every 26,000 years. Every 78 years the Earth moves by a degree, which represents a day difference in the zodiac system.
“Each year the Earth is in a slightly different position in June,” said Waxman. This causes the sun to appear in front of a “slightly different amount of stars,” he added.
So why is this information not in astrology books and horoscopes? One answer is that modern astrology books still use an old system that the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians once used. But Waxman offers more explanations to the question of why the astrology information is not updated.
“Because it doesn’t matter,” said Waxman. He said he doesn’t believe that astrology dictates or predicts who you are. “If they add a new sign, people are going to be upset,” he added.
Another reason for omitting Ophiuchus is marketing, said Waxman. “If you change it all of a sudden, people might start buying less magazines, less horoscope booklets and people will lose money.”
Waxman, who believes in aliens and brings 4.5 billion-year-old meteorites to his class, breaks the news of 13 signs to his students every semester and receives mixed reactions.
“Most (students) think it’s funny,” he said. “Most are not that serious about their sign as far as letting it govern their life. But some are. Some people have had tears in their eyes when they read it.”
“I’m still me,” said Chris Colson, a 21-year-old psychology major who just found out that his real sign is Aries, not Taurus. But he wasn’t disturbed by the news because he doesn’t feel attached to his sign, he said.
Huckleberry Greenlee, 31, a SF State student enrolled in a masters program, thought she was a Scorprio. When she found out that her “real” sign is Virgo, she wasn’t bothered too much. “I think the whole system is pretty vague,” she said. “I don’t think it matters how you set it up with 12 or 13 signs.” But she did have plans on getting a Scorpio tattoo. These plans are now placed on hold, she said.
Check out how the new zodiac configuration affects the various signs.
|Sign||Old Dates||New Dates|
|Capricorn||Dec. 23-Jan. 20||Jan. 9- Feb. 15|
|Aquarius||Jan. 21-Feb. 19||Feb. 16-Mar. 11|
|Pisces||Feb. 20-Mar. 20||Mar. 12-Apr. 18|
|Aries||Mar. 21-Apr. 20||Apr. 19-May 13|
|Taurus||Apr. 21-May 21||May 14-June 19|
|Gemini||May 22-June 21||June 20-July 20|
|Cancer||June 22-July 22||July 21-Aug. 9|
|Leo||July 23-Aug. 21||Aug. 10-Sept. 15|
|Virgo||Aug. 22-Sept. 23||Sept. 16-Oct. 30|
|Libra||Sept. 24-Oct. 23||Oct. 31-Nov. 22|
|Scorpio||Oct. 24-Nov. 22||Nov. 23-Nov. 29|
|Ophiuchus||Not a Part of the Zodiac||Nov. 30-Dec. 17|
|Sagittarius||Nov. 23-Dec. 22||Dec. 18-Jan. 8|
Note: Dates may vary from source to source. For a slightly different perspective, along with a more detailed description of the 13th sign, visit www.starsandcoffee.com.
It's official: gas prices have hit an all time high. And, while the national average is $1.80 per gallon, gas in the San Francisco Bay Area averages $2.10 per gallon, 30 cents above the national average.
San Francisco tails only San Diego, then Los Angeles for the highest gas prices in California. While gas prices have skyrocketed throughout the country, they have gone up an average of nearly 50 cents since December in San Francisco.
An Arco AM PM in Mill Valley had the cheapest gas in the Bay Area as of Sunday-- $1.99, according to Sanfrangasprices.com, whose motto is, "Informed customers are wise customers."
The same site logged South San Francisco and Belmont as having the highest price in the Bay Area with $2.39.
Photojournalism major Ted Mendoza said that he pays about $2.39 per gallon to fill the gas tank of his 1990 Ford Mustang at the gas station near his home in Daly City.
"It costs me about $25 per week to fill my gas tank, in order to get to school and work," Mendoza said.
In comparison to cities such as Chico where gas prices are about 20 cents less than San Francisco's, an SUV owner, for example, could be paying $5 more to fill their tank at an San Francisco gas station.
One SF State student, however, believes that we are not paying enough for gas. Graduate Film student Sahra Girshick believes that if prices were even higher, public transportation would be utilized more frequently.
Girshick, who divides her commute time between driving and taking public transportation, has benefited from having to fill the gas tank of her Honda Civic once every few weeks.
"We have it easy here, compared to a lot of European countries," Girshick said. "That's why there's so much traffic. People would rather drive than be inconvenienced into taking public transportation because compared to other countries, gas here is still affordable."
Girshick might just have a point. While gas prices have indeed skyrocketed, they have not gotten to the point of being unaffordable. After all, according to the U.S. census, 69 percent of workers in San Francisco still commute by car.
BART's Web site header, which states: "Avoid high gas prices, give BART a try," just might be the advent into more public transportation usage and less highway congestion by one-person occupied automobiles if the uphill trend in gas prices continue.
A David Horowitz ad that has been seen by many as hate speech toward the Palestinian, Arab and Muslim communities has sparked strong reactions at SF State.
The ad charged that Palestinians and Arabs were dedicated to the destruction of Israel with the help of the international and American left, that Arabs are sacrificing their own children to the cause of destroying Israel and that Israel’s war against Palestinians is the same as the war on terrorism.
“Those who assume that (Horowitz) represents the views of Hillel, the Israel Coalition, the Jewish students on campus, or any student organization are terribly wrong,” said Samuel Vengrinovich, founder of the Israel-Palestine Alternative.
“We need to educate and not segregate,” Vengrinovich said in an e-mail.
Sara Fischer, associate director of San Francisco Hillel, said Hillel knew nothing about the ad before it was published.
“More of an issue is the lack of space for students to react to the advertisement in the forum which was published,” she said.
“This leads to unrest on campus and intimidation of students by other students and does not allow for the dialogue that is so essential to the academic community.”
Christine Yee, executive editor of Xpress Publications, said in an Xpress online commentary, “We are bringing back the Opinion page to hear what you have to say. You can e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org by Wednesday for Thursday’s issue (the issue to be published April 1).”
Nitzhia Shaked, a lecturer in the Jewish Studies program, felt that the issues more than the running of the ad itself raised concerns.
“Any other topic besides the Israel and Palestinian issue would not have raised so much debate,” Shaked said.
“This ad should be treated like any other controversial topic and should not be taken out of context,” she said.
“I want to know how this ad got in past deadline, without review,” Dean of Human Relations Kenneth Monteiro said.
“An ad like this creates a look that Xpress is attempting to create the news rather than report it,” Monteiro said.
Jess Ghannam, president of the San Francisco American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee and adjunct professor of ethnic studies, laid out what he felt Xpress should do to help solve the problem that has been created.
“First I want the administration to investigate the placement of the ad. Second, I want the ad staff fired or at least reprimanded. Lastly I want the Xpress to print a retraction and an apology to our community,” Ghannam said.
LeBaron King, ad coordinator for the Xpress, regrets not labeling the ad as an advertisement, but stated that in the future he will clearly label all word ads as advertisements.
Normally, King sets aside word ads to read, and put the Horowitz ad aside for that purpose. But somehow it slipped through before he had a chance to read it, he said.
In an interview, Horowitz said he had sent the ad to 30 or 40 papers.
“My goal was to present the other side of the story,” said Horowitz, chairman of the Center for Popular Culture, a group which is viewed by many to be a soap box for Horowitz’s countless attacks on the liberal left.
This is not the first time Horowitz has found himself in the center of controversy through the use of advertisements. In March 2001, Horowitz created quite a stir by purchasing ad space in over 100 college newspapers attacking reparations for slavery.
As quoted in Insight magazine Horowitz has said, “One has to stigmatize the left and segregate it.”
In response to the reaction felt on campus, Horowitz proclaimed SF State as the worst campus in the country for one-sided debate.
“It is the ugliest campus for anti-Semitism,” he said.
Derek Wray, president of the Students for Academic Freedom, hopes for more open dialogue but overall he felt content with the ad.
“I think that the campus has been overdosing on just one side of the issue,” Wray said.
“The ad was a good counterbalance to dialogue from the other side, but I saw it based mostly on historical fact, with a little opinion mixed in,” said Wray, whose group is supported by Front Page Magazine.
Marla Schmalle, a SF State student who values the openness and diversity of the university, felt the ad may stir up an already volatile subject.
“When I saw the ad, I thought to myself, ‘All hell's going to break loose,’ ” Schmalle said.
“Though I have seen exactly the same (kind of) speech on the other side of the subject, I would like to see a forum for open and constructive dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians,” Schmalle said.
Sixteen years of diversity planning has not brought the changes to tenured and tenure-track minority faculty that university officials had hoped.
Diversity within SF State's tenured and tenure-track faculty has grown 19 percent since 1987, according to unofficial human resources statistics from Dean Kenneth Monteiro. Some in the faculty and administration, however, feel not enough is being done.
The goal of SF State is to bring in tenure-track faculty that is able to teach at a multicultural university, according to Monteiro, dean of Human Relations at SF State.
“I am working on a plan to help institutionalize the value of diversity,” said Monteiro, “but we have no coherent diversity plan.”
Though the numbers have become more representative over the last 16 years, SF State is still constantly struggling with the issue of making the tenured faculty more representative of the student body, which is 69.3 percent minority for the 2003-2004 academic year.
One opportunity to diversify came and went 14 years ago. The human resources department formed a commission in 1990 to examine and provide recommendations for implementing change in faculty diversity. Since then the university has been trying to approach diversity through its affirmative action plan but has no concrete university wide approach.
Of the many objectives, one of the main goals was to ensure that each academic department implements a variety of plans, goals and departmental evaluations that could be published annually. The commission also called for "immediate and appropriate consequences” for those who failed to meet the new standards.
Sixteen years later, this plan has yet to be implemented, 16 years later, said Monteiro.
Monteiro described that a couple of key factors are important when trying to reach a diversity goal and that these ideas are key elements of a revised plan he is working on.
“You must first implement exactly which type of diversity you are looking for in a specific department,” he said, “then you must put that diversity qualification right in the job description.” He added that diversity varies by department; some could need more women, others could need more Latinos. It's all a matter of the department's needs.
Once a department has followed these first two steps, Monteiro said, then they have opened themselves to look at a variety of different candidates.
He did point out that the question of whether a university would rather have a person of color or just the best candidate for the job should be squashed.
“Diversity is different in each department and each university,” he said.
“Being able to teach at a multicultural environment is important to SF State,” he said, relating that each hiring committee has to decide what type of diversity, or if diversity itself, is important to their next tenure track hire.
Monteiro added that the best way for departments to continue to attract diversity is to advertise their desire with professional organizations.
Over the past 16 years, finding potential tenure-track faculty has become a priority, according to some.
“SF State has seen a significant number of retirements which means bringing in new faculty are a must,” said Nina Fendel, SF State field representative for the California Faculty Association (CFA).
“The university has made great strides in hiring a diverse faculty, but any looming budget cuts could place those strides in jeopardy,” Fendel said.
CFA president Turitz agreed with the faculty turnover loss.
“We’re losing faculty and not even replacing on a 1 to 1 basis,” Turitz said.
Turitz explained that even harder than replacing the faculty is bringing potential tenure-track faculty to SF State.
“We are being paid a 15 percent lower salary just because of the cost of living in the Bay Area,” said Turitz. He said some candidates come to San Francisco, look around at the prices and say forget it.
Tomas Almaguer, dean of the College of Ethnic Studies, expressed the same sentiment.
“Part of the difficulty is the expense of living in the city,” said Almaguer.
Monteiro disputes the claim of expense as a problem for bringing diversity.
“The living expense is equal, no matter the ethnicity,” he said.
Monteiro, Almaguer and Turitz did all agree on one issue -- SF State is not doing as much as it can to bring diversity to the tenure and tenure track positions.
“I don’t believe, based on the data, that at the rate we’re going we are tapping minimally into diversity resources,” said Monteiro.
“I wish we could speed up the diversity hiring process,” said Turitz, “but it is possible, due to budget constraints, that hiring might get frozen.”
When asked which group he would like to see more represented, Almaguer pointed towards the Latino professors. Latino tenure and tenure-track faculty have only moved up to six percent in 2003 from two percent in 1987, according to statistics. At the same time, the Asian faculty has jumped to 14 percent from seven percent in the same period.
According to the SF State Affirmative Action report, last updated in July of 1999, African American and Latino tenure track are listed as underrepresented. Both groups hover around six percent of the tenure-track makeup. In contrast, both groups have a slightly higher representation in the Bay Area, according to the 2000 Census. The Bay Area, which includes immediate counties around San Francisco, is 19 percent Latino and seven percent black.
Because of the large diversity in the Bay Area, where only 50 percent of the population is white as compared to the national average of 78 percent, Almaguer is hopeful in recruiting more minorities to SF State.
“San Francisco, in general, is a huge lure for the academic world,” Almaguer said.
Monteiro added that attracting diversity is a developing issue.
“The issue is not like the 1960’s where the doors were being knocked down, but we do face the issue of diversity on a different level,” said Monteiro.
No matter what level diversity hiring stands at, some feel that even with the available resources achieving a diverse tenure-track faculty is still tough.
“It’s hard to get minorities to apply,” said Mitch Turitz, CFA chapter president at SF State.
He explained that applicants for tenure track file applications with several universities and that SF State occasionally gets out bid for a candidate by other CSU’s.
“Last year alone we only completed 1 out of 3 tenure-track searches in the library,” said Turitz, a SF State librarian.
The constant shrinking of the faculty is a concern raised by Joe Torres when dealing with hiring more minority tenure-track professors.
“The faculty is just not as large as it was 10-15 years ago,” said Torres, the SF State Affirmative Action Coordinator.
“With less opportunity to diversify, we are barely holding on with our fingertips,” said Torres.
With deep budget cuts giving a Freddy Kruger handshake to the 2004-2005 class schedule, students who previously reeled at the thought of spending summer in a classroom may now find the option to be a relief.
Summer school will be offered as a state-supported program enabling college chairs and deans to plan their 2004– 2005 academic schedules as a three-semester program, assisting students in earning a degree in a timely manner.
Based on the most recent budget scenario, which was revealed at the town hall meeting on the budget on March 3 and 4, SF State is facing a $13.9 million budget shortfall for the 2004-2005 academic year. Administrators have warned that in order to offset the deficit, class sections and teachers will be eliminated from SF State, which will take effect during the 2004- 2005 academic year that summer leads, unless they receive additional funding.
“I think this year summer school will not be a discretionary option. It will be more imperative because of the reductions that will occur in the fall,” said College of Behavioral Social Sciences Dean Joel Kassiola.
The summer school schedule will be planned in conjunction with the fall schedule so it will be an opportunity to make up for the absence of classes in the fall, Kassiola said.
“We are working up the fall schedule and asking each chair to express where the fall schedule in inadequate in offering courses the students need and then attempting to make this up in the summer,” said Kassiola.
Summer school provides assets that are lacking during the fall and spring. The goal at SF State is to use the facilities year round to best stretch the limited amount of resources, Alan Jung said. The school is basically full of students, all the major time slots for classes are taken and most teachers are teaching at maximum capacity during the regular academic year, he said. Summer school provides an option to students who have reached roadblocks in their education because of the schools limited resources.
“We try to offer classes that will improve time to degree,” (the time it takes to get a degree), said College of Extended Learning Dean and Associate Vice President of Academic Affairs Gail Whitaker. This usually translates to high demand classes such as general education, major and graduate requirements, she said.
Vice President of Administration and Finance Leroy Morishita said the size of the summer school program will depend on the estimated 2004-2005 budget. It will likely be smaller than last year, but that is still to be determined, he said.
During the 2003- 2004 academic year SF State actually accepted more students and provided more classes and sessions than the state provided money for, which is unlikely to happen again due to the two successive years of budget reductions, Morishita said
Morishita said he is working with SF State President Robert Corrigan to determine the budget for the summer and will inform college deans of the full- time equivalent student target sometime in the next couple of weeks. Once deans know their target they can decide how many classes they would like to offer, which classes to offer and which teachers to hire.
College of Humanities Dean Paul Sherwin said, the number and type of classes they schedule are dependent on the number of students enrolled in summer school and the salary of the instructors.
This year California State University Chancellor Charles B. Reed gave CSU campuses the option of offering summer school through state support or self support, such as the College of Extended Learning (CEL). When giving this option he stated that self-supported programs could not charge students more than the cost of state support.
After about a month of collaboration, provost John Gemello, college deans and others recently decided for the third year in a row to offer summer school as a state-supported program. After discussing various budget scenarios they concluded that state support would offer the best solution for administrative costs and student needs, Whitaker said.
Offering summer school through state support allows the administration to use state funds to keep the campus running. If summer school was offered through self-support it would cost students significantly more because no state money could be used for that purpose. Students’ fees would pay for everything if summer school was offered through CEL, Academic Resources Acting Associate Vice President Alan Jung said.
Furthermore, CEL no longer has the infrastructure to run summer school. The infrastructure was dissolved when the CSU system moved to state supported summer school in 2001. If it were to switch back to self support, SF State would have to pick up the cost of developing that infrastructure so students would be paying for that as well, Jung said
“It would have been a very difficult undertaking to go to self support, but we had to explore it,” Jung said.
Previous to 2001 SF State’s summer program was offered as a self-supported program through the CEL, which could charge more money for the same classes than when offered through the State, Whitaker said. This scenario is financially more difficult for students.
If summer school were offered through CEL financial aid would not be an option, which would make the cost of summer school a burden that many students might not desire to endure.
Because summer school will be state supported the cost will be the same as the fall and spring semesters. Although summer classes run only for five and eight weeks they offer the same number of hours in the classroom.
In order to be eligible for summer session financial aid students must attend SF State during regular semesters and be recipients of financial aid. Students not receiving financial aid must fill out the proper forms as soon as possible in order to get money for the summer, Financial Aid Counselor Robert Chang said.
The amount of money offered for summer session is based on what is remaining from the previous fall and spring semesters.
“Apply early, before you even know if your classes are being offered,” Chang said.
Just when people thought the bad news couldn’t get any worse for California’s colleges and universities, a proposed $30 million cut in Cal Grants could make it even harder for many to afford higher education.
Weeks after the March 2 financial aid application deadline, students wait to hear if they qualify for grants, but limits set by Gov. Schwarzenegger’s proposed budget for the 2004-05 fiscal year could mean Cal Grants for California State University and University of California applicants will stay the same despite possible fee increases.
Applicants to private schools will be hit even harder if a proposed 44 percent cut in their maximum grant allowed passes, diverting many students to the overcrowded and less expensive CSU system.
“They would have to consider applying to public universities as an option,” said Susan Murphy, director of financial aid at the University of San Francisco. “I know the Cal State University system and the University of California already have to turn away qualified applicants.”
And with the federal government announcing caps on Pell Grants as well, students from low-income households may find that affording higher education has become more difficult.
Carole Solov, media director for the California Student Aid Comission (CSAC), said if the governor's proposal passes, it would be the first time Cal Grant amounts didn't compensate for rising student fees.
The maximum amount awarded to an SF State student for the 2003 - 2004 school year was $2,046. That amount would remain constant while student fees climb 10 percent.
But according to Vice President of Administration and Finance Leroy Morishita, much of the money allotted for Cal Grants in the last few years has gone unclaimed, leaving a surplus of money that Gov. Schwarzenegger wants to use to whittle down the state’s debt.
According to Solov, the CSAC reserves money for students who make changes in their college plans like taking time off, choosing community college or switching from public to a private school.
About $50 million of unclaimed grant money was returned to the state's general fund last November.
The general fund is a pool of money designed to compensate a variety of programs from MediCal to local governments. It is not necessarily designated for education purposes.
The CSAC also runs outreach programs for students who don't know about the oppurtunities available for low income families.
One program includes a workshop that helps parents and students fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid – necessary to receive state grants.
“There is no way to overstate the importance of the Cal Grant Program when you consider the importance of a college education. Our goal is to simply make sure every California parent and graduating high school senior is aware of Cal Grant as an option, and as a potential solution to the high cost of college,” the Commission’s Executive Director Diana Fuentes-Michel said in a press release.
Cal Grant A – designed to supplement middle income households – and Cal Grant B – awarded to the families with the most need – are both offered for undergraduate students, and the grants do not need to be paid back.
Students qualifying for Cal Grants must have at least a 2.0 grade point average and meet specific income requirements.
The latest numbers show that a family of four needs to earn less than $60,480 to qualify for a Cal Grant A. The most an independent student can earn and still receive an award is $22,320 and for married students the ceiling is $25,470.
Gov. Schwarzenegger’s current budget proposal, which will be deliberated until this April, would lower these income ceilings by 10 percent, resulting in approximately 5,000 students who would qualify under the current limits missing out on free money.
Supporters of the current Cal Grant Program are urging students to write their senators and the governor in the upcoming months protesting the possible cuts to this program. The final budget is due from the Legislature this July.
Yossi Amrani, consul general of Israel, spoke to an international relations class on March 15, explaining and defending Israeli policy before a tough crowd of more than 50 students.
Amrani spoke to IR 323, Middle East-Periphery, which discusses the history and political culture of non-Arab states in the Middle East including Iran, Israel and Turkey.
Before Amrani's arrival, Dr. Dwight Simpson, the class professor, emphasized the need for courtesy, but much of the audience simmered with banter that indicated hostility toward Israeli policy. One student even asked if he could walk out during the consul general's presentation.
"That would be extremely discourteous," said Simpson. "If you're going to walk out, do it now."
Amrani came to the class at 10:35 a.m. and spoke for about 30 minutes, sitting on the table in the front of the room with his arms crossed across his chest or with fingers laced over one crossed leg. The facial expressions and body language of both himself and his audience told of mounting tension as he spoke.
Amrani began by describing how Israelis feel about the need for a Jewish homeland. He pointed out that the Jews have lived around Jerusalem for the last 2000 years, though in varying numbers. He also said that the Jews' connection with the land was also rooted in Judaism, pointing out that Jerusalem was the center of Jewish religious life, the place toward which Jews pray.
“It’s not a question of right, it a question of who we are (as Jews),” he said.
Amrani said Jews want a homeland that is democratic, free of Jewish majority and distinctly Jewish in its culture. Amrani said the right to exist as a Jewish state should be compared to the right of existence for states whose culture is heavily influenced by Christian or Muslim ideology.
Amrani said he thought both Israel and a Palestinian state could coexist, but pointed out that Arabs living in the area in 1948 refused an offer from the United Nations for a state of their own. Since then, Arabs’ refusal to acknowledge Israel’s right to exist has made peace impossible.
“You can not negotiate with someone who wants to kill you,” he said.
Amrani also explained that Israelis feel their very existence is at stake every time there is a terrorist attack, but acknowledged that Palestinians probably feel the same way when Israel makes a heavy-handed response.
“There is a psychology of fear throughout the whole region,” he said.
Amrani also said that Israelis never target children, school buses, and other areas where non-combatants congregate. That is the difference between the Israeli response and the terrorism of the Palestinians, he said.
Amrani took questions for thirty minutes after his speech, and the simmering hostility in the room between audience and speaker at last flared up when some students asked hot-button questions.
One student asked about the fence being built around the country to protect Israelis and why it was in Palestinian territory.
“I feel that the fence is not the Berlin Wall or the China wall,” Amrani responded. “We’re building the fence as a defense measure. The fence is movable. The fence is not built to separate Palestinians.”
The student then questioned Amrani’s use of the word fence, saying, “It looks like a wall to me.”
“Five percent of the 200 miles is a wall, 95 percent is a fence,” Amrani retorted.
"You focus on the five percent, and call it a wall. I focus on the 95 percent, and call it a fence."
The last question of the day came from a student, Emilie Fauquet, asking Amrani to define terrorism.
"I suggest you look it up in a dictionary," Amrani said, which produced laughter and groans from the audience.
Fauquet began to interrupt, but was cut down.
"If you were appropriate, you would let me finish," Amrani said coldly. He proceeded to define terrorism as the targeting of innocent people for political and religious gain, and again emphasized how Israel had never targeted children or other innocent non-combatants.
Toward the end of the class the air had become tense as Amrani continued to answer student questions. After Amrani answered the last question, he quickly thanked the class and left the room. Applause was polite; some students shook his hand and thanked him as others shook their heads.
Many students left quickly to gather their thoughts while others stuck around and discussed what they just heard.
“He evaded the question on terrorism,” said Fauquet after class. “I hate how he said, ‘We don’t target Palestinian kids. ”
“In general he was a passionate guy,” said James Adamson, 24. “Some of the students' questions were inflammatory and unintelligent. Mr. Amrani seemed to stay coherent and cognitive the entire time.”
“I thought he was amazing,” said Morgan Samuels. The international relations major said she agreed with everything he said and it was nice to hear someone with similar views.
“His tone of voice was very discriminating-oriented,” said Nour Mansouri, a student wearing a shirt that said “Free Palestine” on it. “He seemed to revolve around the questions people asked with out actually answering them. He was very one-sided.”
In a brief interview after class, Amrani said he came to SF State as part of reaching out to all universities within the area. He said the future of America is in today’s classrooms and it is important that future leaders know Israel’s point of view.
Deeann Mathews and Richard McKeethen contributed to this report.
On March 2 and 3, students were asked to vote on four possible fee increases that would help maintain specific student services. Out of the four referendums on the ballot, all were passed except one: athletics.
SF State students voted much like its predominantly liberal Bay Area surroundings, being the black sheep among a herd of American colleges and universities where sports often play an integral part of school life.
"Big Ten" schools receive support and funding for their football and basketball programs, providing multiple “full ride” scholarships and perks for their athletes. While SF State’s Athletic Department, little known to those outside of it, resides in a deteriorating building with cracked doorways and increasingly limited facilities, and in fact does not even have a football team.
The week of the election about 8,500 students turned out to vote, a significant increase from most campus elections, amounting to nearly 30 percent of student population.
Travis Jones, a sophomore working at the voting booths, said there were nearly 5,000 people on the first day. “A lot of people who come to vote seem to already know how they are going to vote,” he said, adding that he thought there was definitely adequate information available from pamphlets provided on campus.
Kristopher Gibson and AJ Biama sat in their baseball coach’s office on March 3, finishing up homework and watching a game on TV. The two baseball players were enthusiastic about encouraging people to vote on the athletic referendum, but had not yet filled out ballots themselves.
“I’m voting today,” Gibson said, “and I’m encouraging everybody to vote for athletics.” If the athletic referendum did not pass, Gibson was pretty sure he would have to go elsewhere for an education. “[SF State] is a good school and everything, but I still want to play sports,” he said in regards to the risk that almost half of the athletic department’s programs would be cut from the budget.
Biama agreed that a majority of the student athletes at SF State would probably transfer schools if the referendum didn’t pass.
“I think if a lot of our student body knew about sports this wouldn’t be going on,” said Biama, a criminal justice major, “I think a lot of people should go to the games before they vote.”
Lauren Dowell, a softball player, was found passing out fliers encouraging students to pass the athletics referendum the day of the elections. “We bring a lot of spirit to the school,” she said from underneath her visor, “to cut sports would be cutting a huge part of the way we live. A lot of us would have to transfer schools because that’s what we do, we play sports.”
Dowell explained sports as a positive influence on her own and her teammates lives. “It encourages a lot of people to stay in school and to do well,” she said, “We have grades we have to make, and a lot of people study harder to stay in their sport.”
Unfortunately for Gibson, Dowell and Biama, many people didn’t go to the games or understand the spirit that these athletes felt sports added to the school. The referendum missed its chance at passing by a mere two and a half percent.
The next week, after the elections were over, Dowell was in the training room stretching before practice. “It sucks,” she said about the referendum not passing, “we’re all really disappointed.”
However disappointing, it seemed many people within the athletic department were prepared for such results. Jim Price, the recreations supervisor in the weight room on campus was upset but not surprised.
“I didn’t expect the campus to rally around something that’s practically obsolete,” he said from behind his table in a nearly full weight room at noon on a Tuesday. “Everyone sees us over here in the gym as unintelligent little knuckle-draggers, and if jocks don’t get their thing that’s just great because jocks beat me up in high school, or who needs it I’m not using it.”
Price explained that the referendum’s failure to pass will have a great effect on the recreational sports, the facilities, and the students who do use them.
“They’re cutting hours for people working and their cutting classes that use the facilities,” he said, “If they cut half the rec sports, we lose the waterpolo, we lose the open swim time. [The pool] becomes a puddle and this weight room becomes old equipment. We believe here in the kinesiology department that physical health is every bit as important as mental health.”
In a sense, Price was right about students at SF State. Many felt there was a limit to the additional money they would be willing to pay the following semesters; and athletics was not important enough to make the cut.
John Murphy, a liberal studies major, voted yes on all except athletics because of a “personal bias.”
“I don’t think athletics are a strong point of the school,” he said. “People are here to get an education and if you want to play volleyball or something you should go to a school with a mascot you can recognize.”
Murphy did not feel alone in his decision, considering athletics was the only referendum that did not pass. It made sense that students would want to put more money into education, and not sports, he said.
Despite SF State’s administration efforts, the College of Humanities will probably have to face cuts of approximately $550,000 next fall. But it could have been worse.
About a month ago, Paul Sherwin, dean of the College of Humanities, sat at his desk trying to figure out how to implement cuts of approximately $1.2 million to the department’s budget without hurting the quality and the integrity of the college -- an impossible mission.
It wasn’t until a few weeks ago that the university’s provost, John Gemello,and President Robert Corrigan agreed to approve some relief measures that will lower those cuts by approximately half.
They will provide the College of Humanities funds to support basic subject and university required classes such as composition, critical thinking, ESL, and Segment I requirement classes, as long as the college manages to keep its enrollment numbers. That would save the department more than $200,000, according to Sherwin.
On top of that, summer classes for the whole university will be funded by the Academic Affairs Department, rather than by each individual college, which means another $300,000 relief for the College of Humanities.
During this last year, the College of Humanities has managed to avoid major cuts in classes by increasing the number of students per class. For this next coming year there will still be a slight increase in the class sizes – maybe 26 students in a class where there were 24 before – but that won’t be enough to solve the problem of a budget deficit that looks to be twice as much as last years.
Therefore, unless there are significant changes, the College of Humanities will be offering 125 to 140 fewer classes next semester than it currently does, said Sherwin. The cuts should be applied evenly among the departments. A given department that currently offers 24 classes would be likely to offer 21 next semester.
But the college will try to compensate for some of those cuts by offering students a larger number of summer classes.
“I believe we had 81 summer classes last year. I’m proposing that we offer 90 to 93 this year,” said Sherwin. “We will be adding classes that we’ve known students have constantly not been able to get into in the past, such as English 114 and 214 and also certain major and graduate programs classes.”
“That does not compensate us for anything because classes cost a lot more in the summer,” said Diana Bautista, a psychology senior. “The Humanities department offers very good classes that gives students a different perspectives of the world. So I think these cuts are a shame.”
“Cutting more classes would make a very difficult situation. There’s already few courses being offered. It’s hard to believe there could be fewer,” said Marc Nassav, a French major.
"But it could have been a lot worse," said Sherwin. The department will have to cut about 12 to 15 percent of classes in the major and graduate programs only. But if it wasn’t for the relief given by the administration, that percentage would not only be higher, but it would also be applied to all classes offered in the Humanities College. That would include all basic subject and university required classes, which accounts for 44 percent of the classes offered in the department, explained Sherwin. “And that would have been devastating.”
“We are going to make every effort possible to provide the classes that students need, specially given the highly favorable response they’ve given to us in terms of their willingness to accept that (academic affairs) fee to support the instructional program (on the March referendum).”
If the March referendum -- approved by 60 percent of the 8,600 votes at SF State -- were approved by CSU Chancellor Charles Reed, it would certainly help the college’s budget crisis. It could possibly lower those cuts by half, according to Sherwin.
“However, until I learn whether the referendum is approved by CSU and if it is, how funds will be distributed in the University, I can’t say any of these numbers are certain, because the situation has been continually changing.”
Even if the referendum is approved, this budget crisis could get even worse in the spring semester when the final budget is passed, said Sherwin. “But as I said nothing is for certain. We have to wait and see. The situation is hard but not devastating,” he added.
Jennifer Peters sits in the tutoring wing on the third floor of the HSS building between two moveable dividers that serve to form a makeshift cubical.
She will have no time to even get up from her seat before the next student arrives asking for help with questions about their course work.
Twice a week Peters meets with four students, part of a grammar for writing group, working to help them pass their remedial English class at SF State. She also has weekly regulars and tutors student drop-ins.
This busy workload that consumes Peters day characterizes the state of most on campus tutoring programs.
All this lies in the wake of figures released by the California State University system stating that a little more than 40 percent of incoming freshman need remedial work in both math and English, based on English Placement (EPT) and Entry Level Math (ELM) exam scores.
The Learning Assistance Center (LAC) and the Community Access and Retention Program (CARP) are two of the main programs on campus that allow students to either schedule an appointment or drop in to receive help with their class work, for free.
Student use of the LAC increased 33.6 percent from 2000 to 2003, according to LAC complied statistics.
Tutors at the LAC are paid graduate, undergraduate and graduate teaching assistants who receive 20 hours of training to prepare them to help students one-on-one or in small groups.
Peters, a graduate student in teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL), has worked for the LAC for a few months now and is constantly busy.
Beyond one-on-one help and tutoring services, the LAC also offers access to a computer lab with Internet access and tutors to help navigate both the Macs and PCs.
“The tutoring services are designed to help students with the improvement of their academic skills. Not just with the content of a particular course but also transfer skills like reading, time management and visualization,” said Peter Ingmire, the math and sciences coordinator for the LAC, who started tutoring as a graduate student and is now a teacher in the biology department.
Like Ingmire and Peters, many of the LAC tutors are on track to become teachers, some of them already teach undergraduate classes on campus.
The CARP offers ELM and EPT workshops, about an hour in length, that help prepare students to take the test by teaching techniques, skills and giving sample problems.
Both CARP and the LAC have pooled their resources to offer students free tutoring during an 11 hour period four days a week, Monday through Thursday, and five hours on Friday.
Exact hours and location: LAC M-TH 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. FRI 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. HSS 348 and CARP M-TH 4 p.m. to 8 p.m. FRI 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. HSS 344.
There is also free tutoring available through some departments, like the business, English, and sociology departments.
These departments have tutoring programs available to students during limited times.
“I like this job because it allows me to look at papers other than my own, and I get to meet students who are driven. They wouldn’t be coming to me if they weren’t,” said Matt Freeman, a graduate student, hired by the sociology department, earning his master’s in political science with an emphasis in political theory.
Freeman earned a bachelor’s from UC Berkeley in rhetoric, which helped him to closely analyze text and write poignant arguments, composing what he calls “proper” essays.
So far this semester he has helped five to 10 students with a success rate of 100 percent, no students have returned with complaints about the grade they received.
Like many of the tutors at the LAC, Freeman aspires to be a teacher and sees this as an opportunity to hone his skills.
He can be found in the sociology student lounge, HSS 375, Monday and Tuesday from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. Or he can be contacted by e-mail to make an appointment.
“Many students don’t understand and have questions they are afraid to ask in class,” said Cheryl Li, a senior and accounting major who tutors students for the business department in SCI 202 as a requirement for a class.
Li says some days she helps two or three students.
“Before they ask me they are very confused but if I can answer their questions they are very happy and I am satisfied,” Li said.
The alternative to free tutoring on campus is to hire a private tutor. This can cost anywhere from $25 to $40 an hour. Private tutors usually are flexible and work around a student’s schedule, meeting on or off campus, in a coffee shop or private home.
“My experience and qualifications allow me to teach the tricks of the trade that some tutors on campus don’t want to teach. I am not mainly concerned with grades but helping students to be successful,” said Dan Brook, a private tutor who advertises his services on various bulletin boards around campus.
Brook has a bachelor’s degree in socio-political economy from Clark University, a master’s in political science from SF State, and a doctorate in sociology from Davis.
He offers students help with research papers, essays, articles, dissertations, graduate applications, and preparing for the SAT, GRE and GMAT. Brook has graded essays for the GRE before.
Brook describes his style as easy-going with effective techniques. He has taught at both SF State and UC Berkeley.
Still some students see the advantages of free tutoring on campus outweighing those of acquiring a private tutor.
“It is so convenient to have tutors available on campus, I can get help in between my classes or before I make the long trek home … and I don’t even have to bust out my wallet!” said Brandon Scordino, a San Jose resident and commuter student who has utilized the free campus tutoring services in the past.
The Career Center hosted about 40 employers during a career expo March 11 in which more than 600 students had an opportunity to meet prospective employers, discuss their resumes during workshops, and make first contact with people in their fields.
Employer attitudes at the expo seemed to reflect a November 2003 report done by the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE), which reported employers they surveyed are more optimistic this year than they have been in the last two years.
But many students seemed apprehensive about their prospects in a highly competitive job market.
Kyaw Thiha, 19, a corporate finance major, said he didn’t know his resume was formatted incorrectly until he spoke to Deborah D’Attilio, a regional recruiting manager at Enterprise Rent-A-Car.
“I am really worried because I have no work experience, and I’m having a difficult time getting work,” Thiha said.
D’Attilio said Enterprise Rent-A-Car currently has had a long record of hiring students from the Bay Area and the company expects to hire more than 6,500 people into its management training program this year.
”We like to come to SF State because students here are serious and talented,” she said. “I’ve seen a lot of great students and their diversity is what we are looking for. We currently have many alumni running our business today.”
According to the NACE report, corporate recruiters aren’t giving new graduates lucrative bonuses or higher salaries like they did in the in the late 1990s. The report found that 51 percent of employers doubted they would increase starting pay for graduates. It said that as the economy rebounds, companies will start to invest.
Anabel Avina, a senior majoring in journalism, said she has mixed feelings about her ability to find work after she graduates.
“I am two-fold on my outlook on getting a job,” Avina said. “On the one hand, I am very worried but I’m hoping to connect with people, so on the other hand I’m trying to be positive.”
In order to pay the rent, Avina works during the week as a marketing assistant for an entertainment company and helps promotes concerts for a music company on the weekends.
Having an internship is another way to get your foot in the door. In a NACE survey, 42 percent of employers who responded said they convert their interns into full-time workers. Most often they find their interns at college campuses, the report said.
Luis Trelles, an electrical engineering major who graduates in May, knows that without experience he is in for a tough haul in finding work. He visited the career expo to apply with companies such as PG&E.
“Hopefully I’ll get a couple of places to call me back,” Trelles said. “Internships are important, especially for engineers. I’ve been worried for the last couple of years about finding a job in my field.”
Being an accountant, working in the service industry or working for the U.S. Department of State are some of the careers that will see an increase in new employees.
Service employers plan to hire 22 percent more new graduates this year than last year. And although governmental agencies expect to cut hiring by 10 percent this year, agencies like the Internal Revenue Service and the U.S. Department of State are aggressively seeking new graduates. The manufacturing industry, on the other hand, only plans to hire 3.4 percent more graduates this year.
“SF State has had many qualified candidates in the past, which is why we like to recruit on campus,” said Tim Schakow, recruiter for the IRS. He is searching for accountants and book-keepers on campus.
Schakow advised students to investigate the employers before meeting with them. “Impress the recruiter by knowing some background and the primary officers of the company and find out what their future plans are,” he said. “Are you willing to conform to those positions?”
Senior Calvin Fong, said being a finance major is problematic because of the lack of possibilities he has seen.
“Will I be able to find a job in finance or accounting?” he asked. “I am very concerned but I try to stay positive and just get out there and network.”
For students interested in working abroad, the U.S. Department of State is hiring hundreds of new candidates to work in embassies all over the world.
“We are looking for an extremely diverse crowd from all types of majors to work as ambassadors, diplomats or consuls,” said Allison Reimers, a recruiter with the federal agency.
She said that as many baby boomers retire the agency is looking for fresh talent. The federal program is stable so they plan to hire two or three times more people than they did last year.
But for majors in computer science the job market has not given them a silver lining.
Adil Mourftakir graduated from SF State last December and said that he has not been able to find a job since.
“They (recruiters) are looking for customer service people,” Mourftakir said. “Most of the companies look for people with five years experience and I don’t have that. I feel disappointed because you’ve spend so much time and energy (on school) and then it doesn’t pay up.”
Mourftakir works at a hotel to pay the bills and said that after investing six years of his life in school, he thought he would be able find a job.
Students looking for jobs in social work are having a tough time at career fairs, because with state budget cuts looming in the millions, work is scarce for graduating seniors.
Arpana Thapa, a senior majoring in social work, said that she has been applying for jobs for several months and no one has called her back.
“It has been complicated finding work in my field. With no money for social programs, I don’t know what I’ll do,” she said.
Yet, overall, SF State students are young, hungry and well-educated, according to the recruiters on campus.
“We’re looking for people that really have big picture dynamic thinking and the charisma to pull it all together,” said Vance Tuneberg, account manager of 96.5 KOIT radio.
He said his company is always looking for graduates to work in their sales and marketing department.
» FastWeb The scholarship search service helps students make decisions about choosing a college, paying for college and finding jobs during and after college.
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Cutting edge technology and 3D real time representations are just a couple of the buzzwords floating around the biology department in response to the new equipment in the Cell Molecular Imaging Center (CMIC).
The Nikon C1 Confocal Microscope and the 3i Marianas Deconvolution System are the newest additions to the CMIC, which is currently located on the 7th floor of Hensill Hall. A new lab is scheduled to open this summer in the basement of the same building.
The confocal laser scanning microscope can applicably remove out of focus light, and allow the in focused light to be visualized, said Dr. Wilfred Denetclaw, an assistant professor. Then using the power of computers, researchers can rebuild the images in a three dimensional view through a procedure known as image processing, so you can see in high detail what is present in the tissue or cells in a way you couldn’t under the old way of doing florescence microscopy where there was a lot of interference from out of focus light.
According to the CMIC Web site http://cmic.sfsu.edu: “Deconvolution is an alternative to confocal imaging that gives fluorescent images and three-dimensional image-stacks. It is especially useful in dynamic experiments, because it has the added advantage of rapid image acquisition.”
“One of the beauties of this technology is it spans a number of different fields of study. Sometimes when you have some technology it is only applicable to one area of biology,” Professor Megumi Fuse said. “This is all of a sudden applicable to everything—developmental biology, potentially evolutionary biology, definitely physiology, any kind of cell molecular biology. The whole biology dept should be pretty happy to use it, probably chemistry and biochemistry will want to use it.”
The CMIC is available to everyone at SF State, though each user must receive authorization from the staff before using the instruments. The lab is open to all SF State researchers free of charge.
“We have a lot of students doing projects in the labs,” Fuse said. “Now all of a sudden these students get a chance to be using cutting edge technology directly.”
She added, “My view is the students will be more competitive for going on to higher education. If they want to apply for a PhD they look good, because they know how to use the equipment, their confident about it, their not behind at all in what they can do scientifically, so its pretty exciting.”
Shayin S. Gettlieb, Dr. Denetclaw’s research technician, said, “Its very unusual for a state collge to have the level of sophisticated equipment we have…we are very lucky to have two confocal microscopes.”
In September 2002, the biology department began receiving a $5,042,104 grant for the CMIC that will be dispersed over a five-year period. The funding is being made available through The Research Infrastructure in Minority Institutions (RIMI) grant program, whose goal is to strengthen the research environment of predominately minority-serving academic institutions through grant support.
Dr. Denetclaw’s particular lab is looking at early skeletal muscle development of the chicken embryo, known as Myotome formation. The chicken embryo is used because it represents a good animal model for human muscle embryonic muscle development as well as other mammals, he said. Researchers were really able to understand this to a level of sophistication, which helps them appreciate the molecular information that was also being developed at that time for early cell and muscle formation.
“The work I did with my colleague at UCSF, who I worked with when I was doing my post-doc, was a century old problem in terms of understanding how cells from muscles formed in the body of these transient embryological organs called somites,” Dr. Denetclaw said. “Although multiple models had been built to explain the process, it was only until we applied the confocal microscope to this problem that we were able to really see a pattern of growth and development skeletal muscles that form the body in all of our higher vertebrae.”
For instance, Fuse said she can take an insect brain — which is about the size of a pin -- and can actually visualize a lot of the nerves and cell bodies inside the brain. This set ups her research to see what kind of hormones and neurotransmitters are located inside the brain, then allows her to do some 3D reconstructions of what this would look like.
“It's like if you were doing a meat cutter, slicing a whole bunch of them and putting them back together," Fuse said with a smile. “Now you have stored all this information on the computer and you can actually reconstruct what the whole thing would look like.”
“I think it’s great, all of these students out here voicing their opinion, I just hope somebody inside hears it,” said Alonzo Greene, a College of Sisques student, referring to about 5,000 students rallying at the doors of California’s state capital building on Monday.
All the signs of hope and optimism were present as students arrived in buses and cars at Raley Field in West Sacramento, marched in protest across the gold-painted Tower Bridge, and arrived at a sunny courtyard facing the Capitol. The one who was not present was the perpetrator of the crowd’s accusations of raising student fees and “shutting doors” to college campuses—Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger.
Students and teachers voiced many of their frustrations through heart felt speeches and creatively worded signs. “Education is our right not a privilege,” read one. “Hey Arnold, keep education affordable,” read another.
California State University students played an active role in the demonstration to represent the struggles that budget cuts are bringing to their own campuses. But they also came for support of their colleagues, many of whom are in the same position as CSU students once were in previous semesters—attending community colleges in hopes of transferring to state universities in order to complete their higher education.
According to the CSU Web site, every year the CSU system enrolls about 50,000 new transfer students from California community colleges. Under the California Education Code, CSU's top admission priority is transfer students from the state's community colleges. In fact, two-thirds of all incoming CSU students are transfer students.
“We’re here to show the community colleges we’re with them and we understand their struggles,” said Claudia Solis, a freshman at Sacramento State, “We’re fighting for the same cause. “
As Solis and her friend Laura Kerr held signs on the sidelines of the march, Kerr explained the importance of protecting higher education. California has a world-class education, and the governor shouldn’t walk away from that, said Kerr.
“California is known world wide for its top quality universities at a low price,” said Kerr, a political science graduate from Humboldt State.
Affordability was a main theme of the day, as many of the speakers mentioned the important role that community colleges play in their futures.
“We are your middle and low income families and you are representing us,” said a demonstrator from the stage.
"A lot of us can't afford to pay expensive tuition," said Bobbi Hogue, a student from Merced College. We should still be able to afford the right to receive a higher education, she said.
"I can't afford a private school and I am working too much to be at a university, but that doesn't mean I don't care about my future," said Hogue.
Doug Biggert, a community college student working at the gift shop across the street from the capital said this was one of the best demonstrations he had seen because of the amount of people.
“We see a lot of demonstrations around here,” he said, “the representation at this one is good and hopefully there will be a response.”
Amanda Cue, a graduate student at SF State was at the protest to represent the fee increases for grad students, which will be raised by 40 percent with non-matching financial aid.
The budget cuts are making it more difficult for grad students and for students who already have bachelor’s degrees to continue their education because the costs are unreasonable and won’t be supported by financial aid, she said.
Schwarzanegger’s proposed 2004/05 budget will cut $240 million from the CSU system, raise student fees for undergraduates by 10 percent and graduates by 40 percent.
Belligerent, sun-baked, green-beer drinking party people, three leaf clovers, police, a little Celtic music and a whole lot of fun. Throw them into the street and what have you got? A San Francisco St. Patrick’s Day celebration.
The life of St. Patrick who converted Pagan Ireland to Catholicism is being celebrated once again on this sunny spring day. Streets in North Beach and the Financial district have been closed to traffic to allow party people to flood the streets with drinks in hand — creating an opportune time to drink more than the liver can process.
The San Francisco Police Department (SFPD) will have officers present to take care of people who consume more alcohol than they can handle and any other situation that arises in which they can offer a helping hand. Twenty to 25 officers will be at the three locations where streets are closed including, O’Reilly’s on Green Street, Harrington Bar and Grill on Front Street and The Irish Bank on Mark Lane.
Street closure is the most effective way of keeping everybody safe, or keeping traffic away from drunken people, Sgt. John Colla of the SFPD central police district said. Twenty years ago before they started officially closing the streets, drunken people would regularly wander into traffic, endangering both themselves and drivers, he said.
Police will also be present, as requested by management, at various other bars in the area around North Beach and the Financial district that draw in huge crowds.
Last year about 1,000 people attended the North Beach and Financial district St. Patrick’s Day street festivities, but because of the beautiful warm weather today police expect a turn out of 2,000 to 3,000 people. “The heat really brings them out. We don’t like nice weather when we’re in charge of alcohol drinking people,” Colla said.
According to Colla who oversees security for events in these areas of town, the most frequent crime they take people to the station for is being drunk in public. People who are lying in curbs, throwing up all over themselves or too emotionally distraught to function will be taken to the County Jail and thrown in the drunk tank — for their own protection. After about four hours or when able to care of themselves, people are released without being charged for a crime.
“We look at it as playing Daddy for the evening because some people are not able to take care of themselves. They are too drunk, violent or childish,” Colla said.
Violence is not typically a problem at the St. Patrick’s Day festivities. Colla said that events that serve food and drink are usually easy to handle, especially with street closures and police present.
Sometimes little scuffs break out in which people push one another around a bit, but they are usually alcohol induced and not very serious, SFPD Officer Scott Gaines said. Police will take fighters to the station if it seems to be in the best interest of the public. Those people also will be released after sobering up through what the district attorney calls being dismissed in the interest of justice, Gaines said.
“Cooler heads prevail,” Gaines said.
In the event that the crowds get out of control Police sergeants can call for back up. The TAC squad, which Colla said is like a SWAT team, is available as needed and can act as additional police support.
The SFPD is also responsible for providing homeland security. Gains said the United States is currently on yellow alert and the CIA and the FBI constantly notify the police officers of any changes in national security status.
When sheets of rain began to fall on SF State Feb. 25, nobody could predict the danger it would pose, but nearly a month later, officials have come much closer to tabulating the scope of the damage.
Almost every building on campus lost power, including the Cesar Chavez Student Center, the Administration Building and the Student Health Center.
Saturated earth led to landslides and wild floods threatening Hensill and Thornten Halls, and exposed pipes – one a 24-inch, San Francisco water main and the other a sewage line – along 19th Avenue posed other potential disasters.
The basement level of Burk Hall was filled with pungent liquid, and more water ruined the landscaping around the humanities building. Sophomore David Berry's Honda Prelude was emerged in a lake that was once the first level of Lot 20.
To say the least, the storm took its toll on SF State.
And while faculty and administration have worked nonstop to clean up the campus – nursing wounds that may never heal – many questions have now been answered.
What Went Wrong
SF State Meteorology Professor David Dempsey was around the affected areas at Hensill and Thornton Halls during the peak period of rainfall.
According to Dempsey, the rapid rainfall and subsequent accumulation of water were to blame for the event.
“If it comes down too fast, there’s no place it can go,” said Dempsey.
Information collected and analyzed by Dempsey’s colleague, Professor John Monteverdi, reported that SF State was hit by 1.5 inches of rain in about 30 minutes.
Monteverdi’s data referred to the peak period of the storm as an event that happens every 1000 years, meaning there is a one-percent chance of it happening again in the next millennium.
Many said the floods were something that took them by surprise. According to Michael Strange, the equipment technician for the school of engineering, nobody really foresaw it.
Strange, a part of the emergency evacuation team for the sciences building, helped evacuate the building when the power went out. After removing a piece of cardboard and a tree branch from a storm drain on 19th Ave., he monitored the exit and entrance points of the building to make sure nobody entered.
According to Strange, an expert in fluid mechanics, storm drains neglected by the City of San Francisco were the main reason water levels rose to 19 inches above street level at some points.
"But even if the storm drains weren't blocked we would've had damage," Strange said. "It's a question of whether you want three swimming pools worth of water as opposed to two."
The City of San Francisco built the underground systems that are beneath SF State over 100 years ago. The storm drains and the sewer lines were never separated, and any time the storm drains overflow, the danger of feces surfacing becomes a possibility, according to Engineering Professor Norman Owen.
The classrooms most affected in Burk Hall were used by teaching credential students and local high school students in the Small Schools for Equity program. Co-Director Kate Goka was there when the water started to rise.
“We saw the storm drain backing up, and then the water just crept into the classrooms,” said Goka. “It smelled like sewage.”
A raw sewage leak can be dangerous because it carries harmful bacteria and viruses. Water damage alone prompted the removal of carpet and sheet rock in the basement of Burk Hall, but any bacteria growth would call for more extreme measures, according to Robert Shearer, director of Environmental Health and Occupational Safety.
According to Shearer, preliminary field tests ruled out the possibility that sewer water entered the building.
“It was just a storm drain. Thank god it wasn’t sewage,” said Shearer.
Picking Up the Tab
Officials still have not tallied the complete cost of repairs, but Vice President of Administration and Finance Leroy Morishita said that the price tag for the major water intrusion was, “in the millions and growing.”
But while cuts have been made in the University budget effecting nearly every area, participation in the CSU’s Risk Management Pool has remained a constant.
In a recent meeting, Morishita called the participation in the insurance policy – which cost the school approximately $800,000 a year in rising premium fees – a fixed part of the budget.
Most of the repairs will be covered by money specifically set aside for property damage which encompasses structures and permanent fixtures but not contents.
According to Morishita, the total cost to SF State will be a $100,000 deductible.
Along with preparation for the financial disaster, SF State officials have also made efforts to minimize harm to the campus community by making an Emergency Procedures Manual available on the University Web site, by organizing disaster drills and by designating and training personnel throughout the campus for an emergency.
The handbook covers incidents from natural disasters such as earthquakes and fires to accidents like hazardous material spills and blackouts. Campus police have even developed procedures for dealing with a hostage crisis.
SF State Police also developed the Emergency Operations Center for major disasters such as a fatal earthquake. The system links all buildings on campus to a central communications hub which works even when phone lines don’t.
According to Michael Strange, emergency representatives from each building meet once every two months to prepare for a disaster, and though the chances of a storm of this magnitude happening again are one in 1000, it is possible the same thing will happen tomorrow.
"We're as prepared as we can be, given the resources we have, and we don't really have many resources," said Strange.
Women are struggling still for cultural equality and compensation for harm caused during wartime, according to international relations professors at Tuesday's panel, "States of Apology: Gender, Violence and Post-Conflict Reparations."
The event is third of the Women’s History Month/International Women’s Day lecture series held in HSS 248. The purpose is to acknowledge and celebrate Women’s History Month and International Women’s Day and bring to light women’s issues and concerns, according to Kathryn Johnson, coordinator of special projects for the Marian Wright Edelman Institute which is housed in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences and addresses the changing needs of children, youth and families.
About 50 students filled the classroom. Some had to sit on the floor to listen to the panel that included: Burcu Akan Ellis, international relations assistant professor; Angelika von Wahl, international relations and political science assistant professor; Sophie Clavier, international relations assistant professor; and moderator JoAnn Aviel, international relations professor.
People still see women as baby producers for their nations and ethnicities and women are often “invisible” in society, said Clavier, who is also a lecturer in the criminal justice program.
“Women are assigned less value,” Clavier said.
She also said that people still think women are for doing housework and taking care of babies. Even if women take care of their children, they do not get money, so their income is zero.
Von Wahl, who discussed "Victims Redeemed: Human Rights Abuse and Reparation in Germany, Japan, and the U.S.," pointed out that women and gays and lesbians have had a hard time getting compensation after wars.
Wahl explained that compensation is based on communities and ethnicities but not often on gender.
“Women seem to belong to a different community,” Von Wahl said.
Students said they thought the event was valuable.
“It is important to have it to open my eyes,” said James Corbin, 25, a senior and international business major.
People have been blind about women in society, Corbin said.
Monica Enriquez, 23, a senior and international relations major, said it was good that many departments came together for the event and that she learned what gender bias is.
Charlie El-qare said he thought the event addressed issues of which many people were not aware.
“I think that more events should be like this,” said the 28-year-old senior and political science major.
The last of the Women’s History Month/International Women’s Day lecture series will be March 30 in the University Club from 4 to 6 p.m. For more information, e-mail email@example.com.
It’s been almost three weeks since David Berry found his car flooded in the Lot 20 basement at SF State and the car is still not drivable.
On Wednesday Feb. 25, Berry found about 3/4 of his black 1993 Honda Prelude covered in water. After the water had gone down later in the day Berry called AAA to tow his car.
AAA does not tow lowered vehicles though, and Berry found himself in another hole. Berry called his boss, who had a friend who owned a tow truck, at work to help him out. They got it out around 7 p.m.
Though Berry finally got the car out of the garage, he’s not going anywhere else with it.
“Everything in the car is fried,” Berry said. “It was like a greenhouse in their for a while. Everything still stinks really bad, just putting your head inside for a couple of seconds makes you want to puke. I reached under the seat to try and get something and all I felt was slime.”
Berry said that the CD player deck is completely gone but the speakers in the back of the car still might be able to be salvaged.
“I had my insurance appraiser come down (March 2) to look at the car, and he is writing a report saying that the car was flood totaled,” Berry said. “The appraiser also told me that I might be able to get up to $1,000 for the stereo equipment lost.”
SF State however is not helping Berry with anything like insurance.
“When you buy a permit to park at SF State, it states that they are not responsible for any theft, or in this case flooding to your car,” Berry said.
Berry’s life has been different as he has been taking the bus and getting rides from friends. He says the main difference is getting ready to leave about 45 minutes earlier than he is used to. Berry is also ready to own a new car. He is looking at possibly getting a 1994 or 1997 Mazda Miata.
Chanting slogans such as “We want Arnold,” and “Keep the doors open,” an estimated 5,000 students marched on the Capitol in Sacramento Monday and staged a four-hour rally to protest Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger’s proposed fee hikes for community college students.
Schools from as far south as San Diego and Los Angeles, and from all around the greater Bay Area took part in the protest, which chastised the governor’s plan to raise the cost of attending community colleges in California to $26 per unit, an increase of 44 percent.
Unlike the stipulation in the governor’s proposed budget that calls for a 10 percent cap on annual fee increases at University of California and California State University campuses, no such provision is extended toward community colleges in his plan.
SF State and San Jose State were the only universities with a noticeable contingent of protestors among the crowd. SF State students were thanked by speakers for making the one-and-a-half hour trek to Sacramento and representing the transfer students who “will become a dying breed” should the governor’s fee hikes go into effect.
The day started with an hourlong march through the streets of downtown Sacramento and culminated with a crossing of Sacramento’s Tower Bridge, a thunderous procession straight through downtown and ended with students streaming into the Capitol promenade and up the steps toward an awaiting police barricade 50 feet from the building’s entrance.
Strewn across in front of the barricade were 120 dark statues, all decorated in differing colors and patterns, which represented the silenced students who will no longer be able to take advantage of one of California’s 109 community colleges.
During the next three hours, various speakers, from students to teachers, took the microphone placed in front of the statues and lamented over the possible outcomes of the proposed budget.
Some speakers – who included Lt. Gov. Cruz Bustamante –blasted Schwarzenegger for his apparent hypocrisy in taking advantage of a free community college education and now attempting to raise fees.
“Those of us, including the governor, who benefited from free education 20 years ago, should see it as our responsibility to help those who don’t get the same opportunity as we did,” said Marty Hillman of the California Federation of Teachers.
Last year, community college fees jumped from $11 per unit to $18 per unit. According to Scott Lay, the media spokesman for the event, last year’s rise caused community colleges to turn away 175,000 students and Schwarzenegger’s plan will cause them to turn away an additional 39,600.
Although last year’s protest at the Capitol produced a crowd of well over 10,000 people according to the California Highway Patrol, protestors were still happy with the lower turnout this year.
“Last year they said it was a fluke having so many students come out and protest,” said Cameron Samini of El Camino Community College in Torrance, “but this year proves they were wrong. They are denying access to the system by raising fees. And we’re here to let them know they can’t just do it and watch us keep silent about it.”
The protest also had an anti-war undertone. “If they can build bombs, they can pay for schools,” Hillman said. Some students held up signs reading, “Books Not Bombs.”
Sarah Levine, a junior history major at SF State, was active during the protest passing out socialist literature and encouraging people to attend a March 20 “Global Day of Action” rally at Dolores Park in San Francisco.
“As a Socialist, I’m really concerned about them cutting my education, and I’m trying to fight for a world where education is free,” Levine said. “The same cuts that are coming out of schools are being used to make more prisons and make more bombs to drop over Iraq; and it comes out of our pockets.
“So, it’s really important that when we fight against student cuts that we also fight against the war and against the injustice system, because they’re all connected. We need more of these protests. As big as this is, we need bigger. We need multi-issue, linking up issues and that will pressure people like Schwarzenegger and pressure people like Bush to have to change.”
About 2.9 million people attend community colleges in California, a state which ranks 45th in the nation in funding for community colleges according to the Public Policy Institute of California.
The California Student Association of Community Colleges, Faculty Association of Community Colleges, California School Employees Association and the Service Employees International Union Local 790 organized the event.
Monday, March 8
12:48 a.m. POSSESSION
Fidel Huete, 20, was cited and released for having less than one ounce of marijuana near Mary Ward Hall.
11:27 a.m. RECOVERED STOLEN VEHICLE
A vehicle, previously reported stolen to the San Francisco Police Department (SFPD) was found parked near the intersection of Holloway Avenue and Tapia Drive. The owner of the vehicle was notified.
12:24 p.m. MEDICAL ASSISTANCE
A 51-year-old man was taken to the hospital for a head injury after falling near the J. Paul Leonard Library.
1:05 p.m. SUSPICIOUS PERSONS
Three men, dressed entirely in black, were reportedly approaching women walking alone near Thornton Hall and asking them to purchase an unknown product. Officers were unable to locate the men.
9:42 p.m. ACCIDENTAL FIRE
A MUNI bus shelter by Winston Drive and 19th Avenue was on fire. The cause is unknown, said Sergeant Jennifer Schwartz.
Tuesday, March 9
3:16 a.m. POSSESSION
Benjamin Harris, 18, was cited and released for having less than one ounce of marijuana after an officer saw this student in the bushes near S. State and Lake Merced Drives.
8:27 a.m. BRANDISHING A WEAPON
Six juveniles, reported to be brandishing a firearm in Burk Hall, were released to their high school principal after officers determined the weapon to be a toy. The students are enrolled in the Small School for Equity, a high school located in Burk Hall.
11:14 a.m. SIMPLE BATTERY
Alleged gossip between two female SF State students led to a physical fight in front of the Student Services Bldg.
1:20 p.m. SIMPLE BATTERY
A girl was slapped with a discarded lollipop near Burk Hall after she ignored some lewd comments he made. The dredlocked man, estimated to be in his mid-twenties, picked up the lollipop she had tossed to the ground and slapped her with it. The man was gone when officers arrived.
3:23 p.m. AUTO BURGLARY
A student’s vehicle was broken in to while it was parked overnight on Lake Merced Blvd. Loss: $625.
10:16 p.m. MENTAL HEALTH HOLD
A 19-year-old female Mary Ward Hall resident was taken to the hospital after officers determined her to be suicidal.
Wednesday, March 10
8:56 a.m. AUTO BURGLARY
A vehicle was broken in to while it was parked overnight on Lake Merced Blvd. near S. State Drive. Loss: $370.
9:40 a.m. SIMPLE BATTERY
A fight between two male juveniles in Burk Hall led to one boy being sent home. Both are enrolled in the Burk Hall high school.
12:20 p.m. SIMPLE BATTERY
A fight between two females, allegedly over an ex-boyfriend, resulted in one woman going to the Student Health Center after getting punched in the eye.
12:32 p.m. GRAND THEFT
A student’s unattended purse was stolen from the Humanities Bldg. Loss: $520.
4:58 p.m. ATTEMPTED THEFT
A bicycle theft was thwarted after a student saw and confronted another man, who was cutting a bicycle lock with bolt cutters. The man left the area before officers arrived, and the student brought the bike to the Student Union for safekeeping. About an hour later, Schwartz said, the bike was reunited with its owner.
5:00 p.m. MEDICAL ASSISTANCE
A 59-year-old female staff member suffering chest pains in Lot 19 was taken to the hospital via ambulance.
6:06 p.m. INDECENT EXPOSURE
A man exposed himself to a student in the J. Paul Leonard Library. The man was gone when officers arrived.
Thursday, March 11
1:44 p.m. AUTO BURGLARY
A student's vehicle was broken in to while it was parked overnight on Lake Merced Blvd. Loss: $550.
Friday, March 12
4:38 p.m. PETTY THEFT
A student's backpack, left unattended in Burk Hall while she went to the bathroom, was stolen. Loss: $53.
7:12 p.m. MISSING PERSON
Success Nwolise, a former SF State student, was reported missing by her Stonestown Apartments roommate. Nwolise, 19, has been missing since Thursday, March 11. This case is currently under investigation, Schwartz said.
Sunday, March 14
7:57 p.m. POSSESSION
Dustin Katch, 19, was cited and released for having marijuana after officers saw him smoking near the intersection of Lake Merced and Middlefield Drives.
10:12 p.m. POSSESSION
Ellen Lavin, 18, was cited and released for having marijuana after officers saw him smoking near the intersection of Lake Merced and Middlefield Drives.
When a controversial ad like the full-page one that ran in the March 11 issue comes to our advertising department, it is [X]press’ policy that the editorial board has the ultimate decision as to whether it should run in our publication.
This did not happen. Our 16-person editorial board did not get the opportunity to look at the ad before it was printed. According to our ad department, it got the ad on Tuesday (though the ad deadline is Monday) and no one read over the advertisement. Instead it was pasted on our page flats and sent to us on Wednesday afternoon. We took the paper to the printer at about 4:30 p.m. and paid no attention to the ads on any page as usual.
It wasn’t until Thursday morning did we see the full-page advertisement on the back.
This is not how it is supposed to be. There are procedures that this publication instituted so that this would not happen.
About three years ago, David Horowitz tried to run an ad against black reparations. The ad was so inflammatory that the editorial board decided not to run the ad and then ran a handful of stories about why we didn’t. About a year ago, an anti-abortion group wanted to run an insert in the newspaper. The editorial board agreed to accept the insert, but then it included stories in the paper discussing the issue.
[X]press has prided itself on diversity. Our staff is composed of people from many different races, ethnicities and religions. There are people of different generations and from both ends of the political spectrum. The fact that this ad ran in our paper betrays our mission statement. In no way does the editorial board share the same beliefs as Horowitz.
This is what we’re doing to rectify the issue:
1) There will be a front page clarification explaining what has happened
2) We are running another article about SF State’s reaction to the ad
3) We are bringing back the Opinion page to hear what you have to say. You can e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org by Wednesday for Thursday's issue.
4) Every page flat and advertisement will be checked before it goes to the printer
SF State astronomy students can expect a new and significant addition to their textbooks next year.
NASA scientists revealed today that astronomers have recently discovered a planet-like object that sits at the farthest reaches of our solar system, possibly making it the 10th planet. The planet, named Sedna, after the Inuit goddess who created the sea creatures of the Arctic, is three times farther from Earth than Pluto, the previously known outermost planet to revolve around the sun.
“The sun appears so small from that distance that you could completely block it out with the head of a pin,” said Dr. Mike Brown of California Institute of Technology, Pasadena in a news release.
Researchers at Caltech’s Palomar Observatory near San Diego first detected Sedna last November. It is the largest object found in our solar system since Pluto, the ninth planet, was discovered in 1930.
What’s particularly fascinating about this discovery, according to SF State research fellow Chris McCarthy, is that Sedna’s orbit is radically elliptical, unlike most planets’ orbits, which are more spherical.
“What’s interesting is it has a ridiculously eccentric orbit,” McCarthy said. “This makes it different from other planets in the solar system.”
McCarthy says that because of its elliptical orbit, Sedna, which is 8 billion miles away, was not previously close enough to Earth to be detected. This suggests, according to McCarthy, that there could possibly be other undetected planets within the solar system that are larger than Sedna, which is smaller than Pluto, but which have equally dramatic elliptical orbits that have allowed them to be undetected by researchers. In other words, there could be other planets in our orbit we aren’t aware of yet.
Already there is some debate about whether Sedna should technically be called a planet. McCarthy says astronomers generally define a planet as a mass that orbits around a star. But researchers also use other characteristics to classify something as a planet. For instance, some also take into account the size of the object or whether the object was formed into a sphere by its own gravity. For now, Sedna is being referred to as a planet or “planetoid,” since it indeed orbits the sun.
In any case, the Sedna’s sighting underscores the ever-evolving process of discovery just within our own solar system.
“I think it just reminds us that astronomy is an ongoing process of discovery,” McCarthy said. “We’re constantly rewriting the textbooks by the new discoveries that have been made.”
» SF State's Physics and Astronomy Department The Physics and Astronomy Department's goal is to educate versatile physicists and astronomers who combine a solid knowledge of theory with real-world skills in problem solving, data acquisition and analysis, and computer-based simulation and analysis.